Skip to main content Accesibility Help

Studies on the natural predators of Culex pipiens L. and C. torrentium Martini (Diptera: Culicidae) in England

  • J. O. A. Onyeka (a1)

The natural predators of Culex pipiens L. and C. torrentium Mart, in artificial containers and ponds were studied in southern England, using serological techniques. The antisera were from rabbits immunised by injections of saline extracts of the species of Culex into the inguinal lymph nodes and made relatively more specific by absorption. The gut contents or whole individuals of 1098 potential predators were smeared on to filter paper and tested. The most important predators in the ponds were Odonata nymphs while those of artificial containers were larval Dytiscidae. Diptera and Araneae preyed on emerging adults. The length of time a mosquito meal remained detectable in the gut of predators varied from a minimum of 8 h for the newt Triturus vulgaris to 24 h for the zygopteran Ischnura elegans (van der Linden). The results of laboratory tests indicated that the anisopteran Sympetrum striolatum (Charp.) was potentially more important as a biological control agent for larval culicines in ponds than the zygopteran Coenagrion puella (L.).

Hide All
Boreham, P. F. L.. (1975). Some applications of bloodmeal identification in relation to the epidemiology of vector-borne tropical diseases.—J. trap. Med. Hyg. 78, 8391.
Boreham, P. F. L.. (1979). Recent developments in serological methods for predator-prey studies.—Misc. Publs ent. Soc. Am. 11, 1723.
Boreham, P. F. L.Gill, G. S.. (1973). Serological identification of reptile feeds of Glossina.—Acta trop. 30, 356365.
Boreham, P. F. L.Ohiagu, C. E.. (1978). The use of serology in evaluating invertebrate prey-predator relationships: a review.—Bull. ent. Res. 68, 171194.
Brooke, M. M.Proske, H. O.. (1946). Precipitin test for determining natural insect predators of immature mosquitoes.J. natn. Malar. Soc. 5, 4556.
Corbet, P. S.. (1962). A biology of dragonflies.—247 pp. London, Witherby.
Dempster, J. P.. (1960). A quantitative study of the predators on the egg and larvae of the broom beetle, Phytodecta olivacea Forster, using the precipitin test.—J. Anim. Ecol. 29, 149167.
Hassell, H. P.. (1978). The dynamics of arthropod predator-prey systems.—237 pp. New Jersey, Princeton University Press.
Holling, C. S.. (1959 a). The components of predation as revealed by a study of small-mammal predation of the European pine sawfly.—Can. Ent. 91, 293320.
Holling, C. S.. (1959 b). Some characteristics of simple types of predation and parasitism.—Can. Ent. 91,385398.
Jackson, N.. (1953). Observations on the feeding habits of a predaceous mosquito larva, Culex (Lutzia) tigripes Grandpré and Charmoy (Diptera). Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (A) 28, 153159.
James, H. G.. (1965). Predators of Aedes atropatpus (Coq.) (Diptera: Culicidae) and of other mosquitoes breeding in rock pools in Ontario.—Can. J. Zool. 43, 155159.
Laird, M.. (1947). Some natural enemies of mosquitoes in the vicinity of Palmalmal, New Britain.—Trans. R. Soc. N. Z. 76, 453—476.
Laurell, C. B.. (1965). Antigen-antibody crossed electrophoresis.—Analyt. Biochem. 10, 417433.
Muspratt, J.. (1951). The bionomics of an African Megarhinus (Dipt., Culicidae) and its possible use in biological control.—Bull. ent. Res. 42, 355370.
Nelson, F. R. S.. (1977). Predation on mosquito larvae by beetle larvae, Hydrophilus triangularis and Dytiscus marginalis.—Mosquito News 37, 628630.
Notestine, M. K.. (1971). Population densities of known invertebrate predators of mosquito larvae in Utah marshlands.—Mosquito News 31, 331334.
Onyeka, J. O. A.. (1980). Studies on the ecology and biology of Culex pipiens L. and Culex torrentium Martini (Diptera: Culicidae) in Britain.—329 pp. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. London.
Ouchterlony, O.. (1948). In vitro method for testing the toxin producing capacity of diphtheria bacteria.—Ada path, microbiol. scand. 25, 186–191.
Roberts, D. R.Smith, L. W. Jr.Enns, W. R.. (1967). Laboratory observations on predation activities of Laccophilus beetles on the immature stages of some dipterous pests found in Missouri oxidation lagoons.—Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 60, 908910.
Rogers, D.. (1972). Random search and insect population models.—J. Anim. Ecol. 41, 369383.
Sailer, R. I.Lienk, S. E.. (1954). Insect predators of mosquito larvae and pupae in Alaska.—Mosquito News 14, 1416.
Service, M. W.. (1968). The taxonomy and biology of two sympatric sibling species of Culex, C. pipiens and C. torrentium (Diptera: Culicidae).—J. Zool. 156, 313323.
Service, M. W.. (1970). Studies on the biology and taxonomy of Aedes (Stegomyia) vittatus (Bigot)(Diptera: Culicidae) in Northern Nigeria. —Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 122, 101143.
Service, M. W..(1971). Studies on sampling larval populations of the Anopheles gambiae complex.—Bull. Wld Hlth Org. 45, 169180.
Service, M. W..(1973 a). Mortalities of the larvae of the Anopheles gambiae Giles complex and detection of predators by the precipitin test.—Bull. ent. Res. 62, 359369.
Service, M. W..(1973 b). Identification of predators of Anopheles gambiae resting in huts, by the precipitin test.–Trans. R. Soc. trap. Med. Hyg. 67, 3334.
Service, M. W..(1973 c). Study of the natural predators of Aedes cantans (Meigen) using the precipitin test.—J. med. Entomol. 10, 503510.
Service, M. W.. (1976). Mosquito ecology: field sampling methods.—583 pp. London, Applied Sciences Publishers.
Service, M. W.. (1977). Ecological and biological studies on Aedes cantans (Meig.) (Diptera: Culicidae) in southern England.—J. appl. Ecol. 14, 159196.
Thompson, D. J.. (1978). Towards a realistic predator-prey model: the effect of temperature on the functional response and life history of larvae of the damselfly, Ischnura elegans.—J. Anim. Ecol. 47, 757767.
Titova, E. V.. (1970). Use of the precipitin test in a study of interrelationships between Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Heteroptera, Scutelleridae) and predatory arthropods.—Ent. Rev., Wash. 49,155162.
Weitz, B.. (1952). The antigenicity of sera of man and animals in relation to the preparation of specific precipitin antisera.—J. Hyg., Camb. 50, 275294.
Weitz, B.. (1957). An automatic dispenser for multiple serological titrations.—J. clin. Path. 10,200&207.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed