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    Elizalde, Luciana and Folgarait, Patricia Julia 2012. Behavioral Strategies of Phorid Parasitoids and Responses of Their Hosts, the Leaf-Cutting Ants. Journal of Insect Science, Vol. 12, Issue. 135, p. 1.

    Hsieh, Hsun-Yi and Perfecto, Ivette 2012. Trait-Mediated Indirect Effects of Phorid Flies on Ants. Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, Vol. 2012, p. 1.

    Mathis, Kaitlyn A. and Philpott, Stacy M. 2012. Current Understanding and Future Prospects of Host Selection, Acceptance, Discrimination, and Regulation of Phorid Fly Parasitoids That Attack Ants. Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, Vol. 2012, p. 1.

    Elizalde, Luciana and Folgarait, Patricia J. 2011. Biological attributes of Argentinian phorid parasitoids (Insecta: Diptera: Phoridae) of leaf-cutting ants,AcromyrmexandAtta. Journal of Natural History, Vol. 45, Issue. 43-44, p. 2701.

    FROST, C. L. FERNÁNDEZ-MARÍN, H. SMITH, J. E. and HUGHES, W. O. H. 2010. Multiple gains and losses of Wolbachia symbionts across a tribe of fungus-growing ants. Molecular Ecology, Vol. 19, Issue. 18, p. 4077.

    Gazal, Vinicius Bailez, Omar and Viana-Bailez, Ana Maria 2009. Mechanism of host recognition in Neodohrniphora elongata (Brown) (Diptera: Phoridae). Animal Behaviour, Vol. 78, Issue. 5, p. 1177.


Survey of Neodohrniphora spp. (Diptera: Phoridae) at colonies of Atta sexdens rubropilosa (FOREL) and specificity of attack behaviour in relation to their hosts

  • V.S.G. Silva (a1), O. Bailez (a1), A.M. Viana-Bailez (a1), A. Tonhasca (a2) and T.M. Castro Della Lucia (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2008

Atta sexdens rubropilosa is a leaf-cutting ant that is a significant agricultural and forestry pest in the Neotropical region. This ant is parasitized by flies from the genera Neodohrniphora spp., Apocephalus spp. and Myrmosicarius spp. This study was carried out to determine which species of Neodohrniphora spp. are found near foraging trails of Atta sexdens rubropilosa and to evaluate the specificity of attack behaviour of these parasitoids. From May 2002 to April 2004, we sampled Neodohrniphora spp. hovering over foraging trails of Atta sexdens rubropilosa between 8:00 and 11:00 h and between 15:00 and 18:00 h. To investigate the attacking behaviour against the ants, flies were released individually inside an observation chamber containing a single leaf-cutting ant worker. Each parasitoid was confronted successively with a worker ant of A. sexdens rubropilosa, Atta laevigata Smith, Acromyrmex crassispinus Forel and Acromyrmex subterraneus molestans Santschi. Phorids of three species were identified: Neodohrniphora elongata Brown, Neodohrniphora declinata Borgmeier and Neodohrniphora tonhascai Brown. The three phorid species were active throughout the year and often along the same foraging trails, but N. elongata was the most frequent species. In the laboratory assay, N. elongata, N. declinata and N. tonhascai attacked workers of A. sexdens rubropilosa, A. laevigata and A. crassispinus, but not of A. subterraneus molestans.

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Bulletin of Entomological Research
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