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Survival and infection probabilities of anthropophagic anophelines from an area of high prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum in humans

  • J.D. Charlwood (a1), T. Smith (a2), P.F. Billingsley (a3), W. Takken (a4), E.O.K. Lyimo (a1) and J.H.E.T. Meuwissen (a5)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2009

Delayed and immediate oocyst rates; parous rates and sporozoite rates were obtained in Anopheles gambiae Giles, A. arabiensis Patten and A. funestus Giles from two villages in the Kilombero Valley, southern Tanzania during the wet season of 1991. Collection methods included light trap, indoor resting collection and nets with holes cut in their side. Mosquito survival estimates from parous rates obtained from light trap collections, were compared with estimates from capture–recapture experiments and from that obtained during a population decline. Methods of estimating the proportion of feeds infectious to mosquitoes, K, were also compared. This proportion varied between villages and species and was highest in the village with the greatest proportion of A. gambiae. We propose that absolute estimates of K should be obtained by determining the immediate oocyst rate and measuring the parous rate using the same host seeking mosquitoes. This estimate was only available from one village and ranged from 1.9% for A. gambiae s.l. to 3.4% for A. funestus.

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