The p-norm of the Hilbert transform is the same as the p-norm of its truncation to any Lebesgue measurable set with strictly positive measure. This fact follows from two symmetry properties, the joint presence of which is essentially unique to the Hilbert transform. Our result applies, in particular, to the finite Hilbert transform taken over (−1, 1), and to the one-sided Hilbert transform taken over (0, ∞). A related weaker property holds for integral operators with Hardy kernels.
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