This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
K.W. Abbott , & D. Snidal 2000. Hard and soft law in international governance. International Organization 54: 421–56.
R.V. Aguilera , D.E. Rupp , C.A. Williams , & J. Ganapathi , 2007. Putting the S back in corporate social responsibility: A multilevel theory of social change in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 32: 836–63.
L. Baccaro , & V. Mele 2011. For lack of anything better? International organizations and global corporate codes. Public Administration, 89: 451–70.
R.I. Beekun , & W.H. Glick 2001. Organization structure from a loose coupling perspective: A multidimensional approach. Decision Sciences, 32: 227–50.
T. Benner , W.H. Reinicke , & J.M. Witte 2003. Global public policy networks. Brookings Review, 21(2): 18–24.
S. Bernstein , & B. Cashore 2007. Can non-state global governance be legitimate? An analytical framework. Regulation & Governance, 1: 347–71.
J. Black 2008. Constructing and contesting legitimacy and accountability in polycentric regulatory regimes. Regulation & Governance, 2: 137–64.
A.J. Bled 2010. Technological choices in international environmental negotiations: An actor-network analysis. Business & Society, 49: 570–90.
M. Boström 2011. The problematic social dimension of sustainable development: The case of the Forest Stewardship Council. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 19: 3–15.
A.B. Carroll 1979. A three-dimensional conceptual model of corporate performance. Academy of Management Review, 4: 497–505.
B. Cashore 2002. Legitimacy and the privatization of environmental governance: How non-state market-driven (NSMD) governance systems gain rule, making authority. Governance, 15: 503–29.
A.C. Cutler 2001. Critical reflections on the Westphalian assumptions of international law and organization: A crisis of legitimacy. Review of International Studies, 27: 133–50.
N. Dahan , J. Doh & T. Guay 2006. The role of multinational corporations in transnational institution building: A policy network perspective. Human Relations, 59: 1571–1600.
M. Daskalaki 2010. Building “bonds” and “bridges”: Linking tie evolution and network identity in the creative industries. Organization Studies, 31: 1649–66.
D. Detomasi 2007. The multinational corporation and global governance: Modelling global public policy networks. Journal of Business Ethics, 71: 321–34.
J.P. Doh 2005. Offshore outsourcing: Implications for international business and strategic management theory and practice. Journal of Management Studies, 42: 695–704.
J.S. Dryzek 1999. Transnational democracy. Journal of Political Philosophy, 7: 30–51.
D. Etzion , & F. Ferraro 2010. The role of analogy in the institutionalization of sustainability reporting. Organization Science, 21: 1092–1107.
R. Falk 2002. Revisiting Westphalia, discovering post-Westphalia. The Journal of Ethics, 6: 311–52.
R.R. Faulkner , & A.B. Anderson 1987. Short-term projects and emergent careers: Evidence from Hollywood. American Journal of Sociology, 92: 879–909.
L.W. Fransen , & A. Kolk 2007. Global rule-setting for business: A critical analysis of multi-stakeholder standards Organization: 14: 667–84
N.E. Friedkin 1998. A structural theory of social influence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
A. Fung 2003. Deliberative democracy and international labor standards. Governance, 16: 51–71.
C. Fussler 2010. “Caring for climate”: The business leadership platform. In A. Rasche , & G. Kell (Eds.), The United Nations Global Compact: Achievements, trends and challenges: 80–100. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
D.U. Gilbert 2010. The United Nations Global Compact as a network of networks. In A. Rasche , & G. Kell (Eds.), The United Nations Global Compact: Achievements, trends and challenges: 340–54. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
D.U. Gilbert , A. Rasche , & S. Waddock 2011. Accountability in a global economy: The emergence of international accountability standards. Business Ethics Quarterly, 21: 23–44.
M. Granovetter 1973. The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78: 1360–80.
M.T. Hansen 2002. Knowledge networks: Explaining effective knowledge sharing in multiunit companies. Organization Science, 13: 232–48.
V. Haufler 2010. Disclosure as governance: The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and resource management in the developing world. Global Environmental Politics, 10: 53–73.
C. Helmchen 2010. Running a Global Compact local network: Insights from the experience in Germany. In A. Rasche , & G. Kell (Eds.), The United Nations Global Compact: Achievements, trends and challenges: 355–69. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
C. Jones , & E.H. Volpe 2011. Organizational identification: Extending our understanding of social identities through social networks. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 32: 413–34.
R.E. Kaplan 1982. Intervention in a loosely organized system: An encounter with non-being. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 18: 415–32.
G. Kell , & D. Levin 2003. The Global Compact network: An historic experiment in learning and action. Business & Society Review, 108: 151–81.
S.J. Kobrin 2009. Private political authority and public responsibility: Transnational politics, transnational firms, and human rights. Business Ethics Quarterly, 19: 349–74.
M. Koenig-Archibugi 2004. Transnational corporations and public accountability. Government and Opposition, 39: 234–59.
I. Kolstad , & A. Wiig 2009. Is transparency the key to reducing corruption in resourcerich countries? World Development, 37: 521–32.
A. Kourula , & S. Laasonen 2010. Nongovernmental organizations in business and society, management, and international business research: Review and implications from 1998 to 2007. Business & Society, 49: 35–67.
R. Luceaa 2010. How we see them versus how they see themselves: A cognitive perspective of firm-NGO relationships. Business & Society, 49: 116–39.
R.D. Luke , J.W. Begun , & D.D. Pointer 1989. Quasi firms: Strategic interorganizational forms in the health care industry. Academy of Management Review, 14: 9–19.
Y. Luo 2005. How important are shared perceptions of procedural justice in cooperative alliances? Academy of Management Journal, 48: 695–709.
J.G. March 1987. Ambiguity and accounting: The elusive link between information and decision making. Accounting, Organizations & Society, 12: 153–68.
A. McWilliams , D.S. Siegel , & P.M. Wright 2006. Corporate social responsibility: Strategic implications. Journal of Management Studies, 43: 1–18.
M. Messnerh 2009. The limits of accountability. Accounting, Organizations & Society, 34: 918–38.
J.W. Meyer , & B. Rowan 1977. Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology, 83: 340–63.
C. Oliver 1991. Strategic responses to institutional processes. Academy of Management Review, 16: 145–79.
D. O’Rourke 2006. Multi-stakeholder regulation: Privatizing or socializing global labor standards?. World Development, 34: 899–918.
J.D. Orton , & K.E. Weick 1990. Loosely coupled systems: A reconceptualization. Academy of Management Review, 15: 203–23.
G. Palazzo , & A.G. Scherer 2006. Corporate legitimacy as deliberation: A communicative framework. Journal of Business Ethics, 66: 71–88.
A. Portes 2000. The two meanings of social capital. Sociological Forum, 15: 1–12.
A. Rasche 2009a. “A necessary supplement”: What the United Nations Global Compact is and is not. Business & Society, 48: 511–37.
A. Rasche 2009b. Toward a model to compare and analyze accountability standards: The case of the UN Global Compact. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 16: 192–205.
A. Rasche , & G. Kell 2010. The UN Global Compact: Achievements, trends and challenges. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
J. Roloff 2008. Learning from multi-stakeholder networks: Issue-focussed stakeholder management. Journal of Business Ethics, 82: 233–50.
T.J. Rowley 1997. Moving beyond dyadic ties: A network theory of stakeholder influences. Academy of Management Review, 22: 887–910.
J.G. Ruggie 2004. Reconstituting the global public domain: Issues, actors, and practices. European Journal of International Relations, 10: 499–531.
M.A. Santoro 2010. Post-Westphalia and its discontents: Business, globalization, and human rights in political and moral perspective. Business Ethics Quarterly, 20: 285–97.
A.G. Scherer , & G. Palazzo 2007. Toward a political conception of corporate responsibility: Business and society seen from a Habermasian perspective. Academy of Management Review, 32: 1096–1120.
A.G. Scherer , & G. Palazzo 2011. The new political role of business in a globalized world: A review of a new perspective on CSR and its implications for the firm, governance, and democracy. Journal of Management Studies, 48: 899–931.
J.A. Scholte 2005. Globalization: A critical introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
F. Sindico 2006. Soft law and the elusive quest for sustainable global governance. Leiden Journal of International Law, 19: 829–46.
I. Stigzelius , & C. Mark-Herbert 2009. Tailoring corporate responsibility to suppliers: Managing SA 8000 in Indian garment manufacturing. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 25: 46–56.
M.C. Suchman 1995. Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20: 571–610.
D.L. Swanson 1999. Toward an integrative theory of business and society: A research strategy for corporate social performance. Academy of Management Review, 24: 506–21.
K. Tamm Hallström , & M. Boström 2010. Transnational multi-stakeholder standardization: Organizing fragile non-state authority. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
J. Thomas 1984. Some aspects of negotiated order, loose coupling and mesostructure in maximum security prisons. Symbolic Interaction, 7: 213–31.
H.B. Thorelli 1986. Networks: Between markets and hierarchies. Strategic Management Journal, 7: 37–51.
N.M. Tichy , M.L. Tushman , & C. Fombrun 1979. Social network analysis for organizations. Academy of Management Review, 4: 507–19.
W. Tsai , & S. Ghoshal 1998. Social capital and value creation: The role of intrafirm networks. Academy of Management Journal, 41: 464–76.
B. Uzzi 1997. Social structure and competition in interfirm networks: The paradox of embeddedness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42: 35–67.
D. Vogel 2010. The private regulation of global corporate conduct: Achievements and limitations. Business & Society, 49: 68–87.
S. Waddell 2011. Global action networks: Creating our future together. Basingtoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
S. Waddock 2008a. Building a new institutional infrastructure for corporate responsibility. Academy of Management Perspectives, 22: 87–108.
S.J. Wallsten 2001. An empirical test of geographic knowledge spillovers using geographic information systems and firm-level data. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 31: 571–99.
K.E. Weick 1976. Educational organizations as loosely coupled systems. Administrative Science Quarterly, 21: 1–19.
N. Whelan 2010. Building the United Nations Global Compact local network model: History and highlights. In A. Rasche , & G. Kell (Eds.), The United Nations Global Compact: Achievements, trends and challenges: 317–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
T. Williams 2005. Cooperation by design: Structure and cooperation in interorganizational networks. Journal of Business Research, 58: 222–31.
D.J. Wood 1991. Corporate social performance revisited. Academy of Management Review, 16: 691–718.