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Pedagogical Goals for Academic Bioethics Programs

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2 Mattick K, Bligh J.Teaching and assessing medical ethics: Where are we now? Journal of Medical Ethics 2006;32(3):181–5.

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6 Association of American Medical Colleges. Learning Objectives for Medical Student Education: Guidelines for Medical Schools. Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges; 1998.

7 Musick DW.Teaching medical ethics: A review of the literature from North American medical schools with emphasis on education. Medicine Health Care and Philosophy 1999;2(3):239–54.

8 See note 6, Association of American Medical Colleges, 1998.

9 American Board of Internal Medicine. Project Professionalism. Washington, DC: American Board of Internal Medicine; 1994; available at www.abim.org (last accessed 31 Dec 2012).

10 Bickel J.Promoting Medical Student’s Ethical Development: A Resource Guide. Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges; 1993.

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14 Eckles RE, Meslin EM, Gaffney M, Helft PR.Medical ethics education: Where are we? Where should we be going? A review. Academic Medicine 2005;80(12):1143–52.

15 See note 6, Association of American Medical Colleges, 1998.

16 Liaison Committee on Medical Education. Accreditation Standards; available at www.lcme.org (last accessed 31 Dec 2012).

17 Rhodes R, Alfandre D.A systematic approach for clinical moral reasoning. Clinical Ethics 2007;2(2):6670.

18 See note 1, Pellegrino 1993.

19 Rhodes R.The professional responsibilities of medicine. In: Rhodes R, Francies L, Silvers A, eds. The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics Oxford: Blackwell Publishing; 2007:7187.

20 See note 4, Savulescu 1999.

21 See note 14, Eckles et al. 2005.

22 Carlin N, Rozmus J, Spike J.The health professional ethics rubric: Practical assessment in ethics for health professional schools. Journal of Academic Ethics 2011;9:277–90.

23 Arnold RM, Forrow L.Assessing competence in clinical ethics: Are we measuring the right behaviors. Journal of General Internal Medicine 1993;8(1):52–4.

24 Goldie J, Schwartz L, Morrison J.A process evaluation of medical ethics education in the first year of a new medical curriculum. Medical Education 2000;34(6):468–73.

25 See note 2, Mattick, Bligh 2006.

26 Patenaude J, Niyonsenga T, Fafard D.Changes in students’ moral development during medical school: A cohort study. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2003;168(7):840–4.

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29 Favia A, Frank L, Gilgorov N, Birnbaum S, Cummins P, Fallar R, et al. . A model for assessment of medical students’ competency in medical ethics. American Journal of Bioethics Primary Research; Forthcoming.

30 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education; available at http://www.acgme.org/acgmeweb (last accessed 31 Dec 2012).

31 Doukas DJ, McCullough LB, Wear S.Perspective: Medical education in medical ethics and humanities as the foundation for developing medical professionalism. Academic Medicine 2012;87(3):334–41.

32 Howard F, McKneally MF, Levin AV.Integrating bioethics into postgraduate medical education: The University of Toronto model. Academic Medicine 2010;85(6):1035–40.

33 See note 30, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.

34 Dowling M, Way D, Caniano D.Results of a national survey on ethics education in general surgery residency programs. American Journal of Surgery 1997;174:364–8.

35 Nilstun T, Cuttini M, Saracci R.Teaching medical ethics to experienced staff: Participants, teachers and method. Journal of Medical Ethics 2001;27(6):409–12.

36 Aulisio MP, Rothenberg LS.Bioethics, medical humanities, and the future of the “field”: Reflections on the results of the ASBH survey of North American graduate bioethics/medical humanities training programs. American Journal of Bioethics 2002;2(4):39.

37 Magnus D.The meaning of graduate education for bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 2002;2(4):10–2.

38 Aires CP, Hugo FN, Rosalen PL, Marcondes FK.Teaching of bioethics in dental graduate programs in Brazil. Brazil Oral Research 2006;20(4):285–9.

39 Bercovitch L, Long TP.Dermatoethics: A curriculum in bioethics and professionalism for dermatology residents at Brown Medical School. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2007;56(4):679–82.

40 Ghias K, Ahmer S.Guarding the guardians: Bioethics curricula for psychiatrists-in-training in developing countries. International Review of Psychiatry 2010;22(3):294300.

41 Weissman DE, Mullan P, Ambuel B, von Gunten CF, Hallenbeck J, Warm E.End-of-Life graduate education curriculum project: Project abstracts/progress reports—year 2. Journal of Palliative Medicine 2001;4(4):525–47.

42 Slomka J, Quill B, desVignes-Kendrick M, Lloyd LE.Professionalism and ethics in the public health curriculum. Public Health Reports 2008;123 Suppl. 2:27–35.

43 Core Competencies Task Force. Core Competencies for Healthcare Ethics Consultation Second Edition. Glenview, IL: American Society for Bioethics and Humanities; 2011.

44 Dubler NN, Webber MP, Swiderski DM, National Working Group for the Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project. Charting the future: Credentialing, privileging, quality, and education in clinical ethics consultation. Hastings Center Report 2009;6:2333.

45 Bürkli P, Steinkamp N.Ethics in the clinic: Report on clinical ethics consultation: First international assessment summit. Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy 2004;7:113–4.

46 Molewijk B, van Zadelhoff E, Lendemeijer B, Widdershoven G.Implementing moral case deliberation in Dutch health care: Improving moral competency of professionals and the quality of care. Bioethica Forum 2008;1(1):5765.

47 Hurst SA, Reiter-Theil S, Baumann-Holtze R, Foppa C, Malacrida R, Bosshard G, et al. . The growth of clinical ethics in a multilingual country: Challenges and opportunities. Bioethica Forum 2008;1(1):1524.

48 Schildmann J, Gordon J-S, Vollmann J.Clinical ethics consultation: Theories and methods, implementation, evaluation. In: Clinical Ethics Consultation: Medical Law and Ethics. Surrey, England: Ashgate; 2010.

49 Clinical Ethics Task Force. Improving Competencies in Clinical Ethics Consultation: An Education Guide. Glenview, IL: American Society for Bioethics and Humanities; 2009.

50 See note 43, Core Competencies Task Force 2011.

51 See note 43, Core Competencies Task Force 2011.

52 See note 43, Core Competencies Task Force 2011.

53 See note 43, Core Competencies Task Force 2011.

This article was inspired and informed by the Second Cambridge Consortium for Bioethics Education. We are grateful to Thomasine Kushner, Ph.D., Editor of Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, and Mark Zadrozny, Publisher at Cambridge University Press, as well as the participants in the Second Cambridge Consortium for Bioethics Education for their support, suggestions, and engagement with this project.

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Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • ISSN: 0963-1801
  • EISSN: 1469-2147
  • URL: /core/journals/cambridge-quarterly-of-healthcare-ethics
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