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Toward Methodological Innovation in Empirical Ethics Research




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2. Garrard, E, Wilkinson, S. Mind the gap: The use of empirical evidence in bioethics. In: Hayry, M, Takala, T, Herissone-Kelly, P, eds. Bioethics and Social Reality. Amsterdam: Rodopi; 2005:7792.

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5. Hurst, SA.What “empirical turn in bioethics”? Bioethics 2010;24:439–44.

6. Hedgecoe, AM. Medical sociology and the redundancy of empirical ethics. In: Ashcroft, RE, Dawson, A, Draper, H, McMillan, J, eds. Principles of Healthcare Ethics. 2nd ed. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley; 2007:167–76.

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8. Kim, SYH, Wall, IF, Stanczyk, A, De Vries, R.Assessing the public’s views in research ethics controversies: Deliberative democracy and bioethics as natural allies. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 2009;4:316.

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12. It is important to note that this (analytic philosophical) account of the convincingness of arguments is open to dispute. This is of particular importance here because many of the most well-established ways of justifying the theoretical and methodological foundations of empirical ethics research begin by taking issue with such an account. We reflect briefly on the relationship between our analysis of the value of empirical ethics and the approaches emanating from alternative philosophical traditions in ethics in the conclusions of the article.

13. Sheehan, M. Moral relativism. In: Ashcroft, RE, Dawson, A, Draper, H, McMillan, J, eds. Principles of Healthcare Ethics. 2nd ed. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley; 2007:93–8.

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15. See note 2, Garrard, Wilkinson 2005.

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17. Scanlon, TM. Rawls on justification. In: Freeman, S, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Rawls. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2002:139–67.

18. van Delden, JJM, van Thiel, GJM. Reflective equilibrium as a normative-empirical model in bioethics. In: van den Burg, W, van Willigenburg, T, eds. Reflective Equilibrium: Essays in Honour of Robert Heeger. Dordecht: Kluwer; 1998:251–9.

19. van der Burg, W, van Willigenburg, T, eds. Reflective Equilibrium: Essays in Honour of Robert Heeger. Dordecht: Kluwer; 1998.

20. McMillan, J, Hope, T. The possibility of empirical psychiatric ethics. In: Widdershoven, G, McMillan, J, Hope, T, van der Scheer, L, eds. Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2008:922.

21. Dunn, M, Ives, J.Methodology, epistemology and empirical bioethics research: A constructive/ist commentary. American Journal of Bioethics 2009;9:93–5.

22. Molewijk, B, Stiggelbout, AM, Otten, W, Dupuis, HM, Kievit, J.Empirical data and moral theory: A plea for integrated empirical ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2004;7:5569.

23. Widdershoven, GAM.How to combine hermeneutics and wide reflective equilibrium? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2007;10:4952.

24. Carter, SM.Beware dichotomies and grand abstractions: Attending to particularity and practice in empirical bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 2009;9:76–7.

25. See note 21, Dunn, Ives 2009, at 94.

26. Ives, J, Draper, H.Appropriate methodologies for empirical bioethics: It’s all relative. Bioethics 2009;23:249–58.

27. Parker, M.Ethnography/ethics. Social Science and Medicine 2007;65:2248–59.

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29. Ives, J, Dunn, M.Who’s arguing? A call for reflexivity in bioethics. Bioethics 2010;24:256–65.

30. Widdershoven, G, van der Scheer, L. Theory and methodology of empirical ethics: A pragmatic hermeneutic perspective. In: Widdershoven, G, McMillan, J, Hope, T, van der Scheer, L. Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2008:2336.

31. Lindemann, H, Verkerk, M, Urban Walker, M.Naturalized Bioethics: Toward Responsible Knowing and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2009.

32. See note 22, Molewijk et al. 2004.

33. Widdershoven, G, Abma, T, Molewijk, B.Empirical ethics as dialogical practice. Bioethics 2009;23:236–48.

34. Widdershoven, G, Molewijk, B, Abma, T.Improving care and ethics: A plea for interactive empirical ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 2009;9:99101.

35. Frith L. Symbiotic empirical ethics: A practical methodology. Bioethics 2012;26:198–206.

36. Molewijk, AC, Abma, T, Stolper, M, Widdershoven, G.Teaching ethics in the clinic: The theory and practice of moral case deliberation. Journal of Medical Ethics 2008;34:120–4.

37. See note 33, Widdershoven, Abma, Molewijk 2009.

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Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • ISSN: 0963-1801
  • EISSN: 1469-2147
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