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Rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in Ontario, Canada soybean agroecosystems: assemblage diversity, composition, seasonality, and habitat use

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 May 2014

A.J. Brunke*
Affiliation:
School of Environmental Sciences, E.C. Bovey Building, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1 Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, 15 Universitetsparken, Copenhagen DK 2100, Denmark
C.A. Bahlai
Affiliation:
School of Environmental Sciences, E.C. Bovey Building, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1 Department of Entomology, Center for Integrated Plant Systems Laboratory, 578 Wilson Rd, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, United States of America
J. Klimaszewski
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., P.O. Box 10380, Stn. Sainte-Foy, Québec, Quebec, Canada G1V 4C7
R.H. Hallett
Affiliation:
School of Environmental Sciences, E.C. Bovey Building, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1
*
1Corresponding author (e-mail: adam.brunke@snm.ku.dk).

Abstract

Rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) are recognised as important components of agroecosystems and are best known for their contribution to biological control as predators of arthropod pests. Unfortunately, knowledge of their bionomics in North American agroecosystems is sparse. Therefore, soybean-hedgerow agroecosystems in Ontario, Canada, were surveyed in 2009–2010 to identify common, widespread members of the assemblage and characterise their seasonal activity patterns. The potential for refuge habitat in adjacent hedgerows was assessed outside of the growing season. The rove beetle assemblage of soybeans during the growing season was found to be a less diverse subset of that found in surrounding hedgerow areas, especially with respect to native species. Both native and non-native species were common (>1% activity density). Based on literature records, most common species were predaceous, univoltine, and adult overwintering. Most common species exhibited the highest activity density midway through the growing season and all were detected in hedgerow habitats outside the growing season. Comparisons with the staphylinid fauna of other North American agroecosystems revealed several common species to dominate assemblages under a wide variety of conditions. This research provides a framework for future agroecological studies of this poorly understood, but abundant and diverse, assemblage of beetles.

Type
Biodiversity & Evolution
Copyright
© Entomological Society of Canada 2014 

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Footnotes

Subject editor: David McCorquodale

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