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SYSTEMATICS OF THE NEARCTIC SPECIES OF METALLIC-GREEN COLEOPHORA (LEPIDOPTERA: COLEOPHORIDAE)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 May 2012

Jean-François Landry
Affiliation:
Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C6
Barry Wright
Affiliation:
Nova Scotia Museum, 1747 Summer Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3A6

Abstract

Eleven species of metallic-green Coleophora are recognized in the Nearctic Region, including three that are new: C. ladonia Landry and Wright from Florida, C. ramitella Landry and Wright from the northeastern United States, and C. timarella Landry and Wright from Arizona. Three species are introduced from Europe: C. deauratella Lienig and Zeller, C. mayrella (Hübner), and C. trifolii (Curtis); these are pests of clover seeds. Adults are keyed, described, and illustrated, and the species distributions mapped. Host plants are known for eight of the species, for which larval cases are also illustrated and their life history presented. Nearctic species of metallic-green Coleophora represent a miscellany of unrelated groups, here treated together for convenience. Tentative definitions of informal species groups are provided and phylogenetic relationships of the species are discussed.

Résumé

Onze espèces de Coleophora vert métallique sont reconnues dans la région néarctique, dont trois sont nouvelles : C. ladonia Landry et Wright de la Floride, C. ramitella Landry et Wright du nord-est des États-Unis, et C. timarella Landry et Wright de l’Arizona. Trois espèces sont introduites d’Europe, C. deauratella Lienig et Zeller, C. mayrella (Hübner) et C. trifolii (Curtis) et sont des ravageurs des graines de trèfles. Les adultes sont décrits et illustrés et un tableau de détermination fourni, ainsi que des cartes de répartition géographique. Les plantes-hôtes sont connues pour huit espèces, pour lesquelles les fourreaux larvaires sont illustrés et l’histoire naturelle présentée. Les espèces néarctiques de Coleophora vert métallique représentent un mélange de groupes non-apparentés, qui sont ici révisés ensemble parce que les adultes sont faciles à reconnaître superficiellement. Certaines des espèces sont regroupées dans des groupes informels provisoires et les relations phylogénétiques des espèces sont évaluées.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Entomological Society of Canada 1993

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