Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Actual and potential distribution of Acrolepiopsis assectella (Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae), an invasive alien pest of Allium spp. in Canada

  • P.G. Mason (a1), R.M. Weiss (a2), O. Olfert (a2), M. Appleby (a3) and J.-F. Landry (a1)...
Abstract

Acrolepiopsis assectella (Zeller), leek moth, is a widespread and common pest of species of Allium L. (Liliaceae) in the western Palaearctic subregion. The establishment of A. assectella in eastern North America has resulted in economic losses to garlic (Allium sativum L.), leek (Allium porrum L.), and onion (Allium cepa L.) growers, especially to organic producers in eastern Ontario and southern Quebec. Acrolepiopsis assectella was first recorded in the Ottawa area in 1993. By 2010, A. assectella had expanded its range into eastern Ontario, southwestern Quebec, Prince Edward Island, and New York. A bioclimate model, using CLIMEX simulation software, was developed to produce mapped results that closely approximated known distributions for A. assectella in central Europe. This model was then validated with recorded distribution records in eastern Europe, Asia, and North America. Model output predicted that A. assectella will readily survive in southeastern Canada and the eastern United States of America. Other areas potentially suitable for A. assectella include coastal regions of the Pacific Northwest, the interior of southern British Columbia, and north-central Mexico. The continued range expansion of A. assectella into other Allium-growing areas of eastern North America appears to be inevitable. Establishment in these areas presents the risk of substantial production losses to Allium spp. producers.

La teigne du poireau, Acrolepiopsis assectella (Zeller), est un ravageur répandu et commun de nombreuses espèces du genre Allium L. (Liliaceae) dans la portion occidentale de la région paléarctique. Depuis son établissement dans l’est de l’Amérique du Nord, cette espèce a infligé des pertes économiques considérables aux producteurs d’ail (Allium sativum L.), de poireau (Allium porrum L.) et d’oignon (Allium cepa L.) et, en particulier, aux producteurs biologiques de l’est de l’Ontario et du sud du Québec. L’A. assectella a été détecté pour la première fois dans la région d’Ottawa en 1993. En 2009, son aire de répartition couvrait tout l’est de l’Ontario, le sud-ouest du Québec, l’Île-du-Prince-Édouard et l’État de New York. À l’aide d’un modèle bioclimatique produit à l’aide du logiciel de simulation CLIMEX, nous avons établi une carte de répartition qui correspond de près à la situation connue du ravageur en Europe centrale. Ce modèle a ensuite été validé avec des mentions de répartition d’Europe de l’Est, d’Asie et d’Amérique du Nord. D’après les sorties du modèle, l’A. assectella devrait survivre sans difficulté dans le sud-est du Canada et l’est des États-Unis. La côte nord-ouest du Pacifique, l’intérieur de la Colombie-Britannique et le centre-nord du Mexique sont également considérés comme favorables à son établissement. L’expansion de l’A. assectella dans d’autres régions productrices d’Allium spp. de l’est de l’Amérique du Nord semble inévitable et risque d’entraîner des pertes substantielles pour les producteurs d’Allium spp.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Corresponding author (e-mail: peter.mason@agr.gc.ca).
References
Hide All
Abo-Ghalia, A., and Thibout, E. 1982. Fréquence de la diapause reproductrice en fonction de l'évolution de la photopériode à températures constantes et recherche du stade sensible chez une souche d'Acrolepiopsis assectella (Lepidoptera, Hyponomeutoidea). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 18: 173179.
Abo-Ghalia, A., and Thibout, E. 1983 a. Action du poireau (Allium porrum) sur l'activité reproductrice après la diapause imaginale chez le teigne du poireau, Acrolepiopsis assectella. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 33: 188194. doi:10. 1051/agro:19830802.
Abo-Ghalia, A., and Thibout, E. 1983 b. Levée de la diapause imaginale et reprise de l'activité sexuelle chez la teigne du poireau (Acrolepiopsis assectella) Zell. (Lepidoptera). Agronomie, 3: 717722.
Allen, J., Fraser, H., and Appleby, M. 2008. Leek moth — a pest of Allium crops. Factsheet Agdex #625/252 [online]. Available from http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/08-009.htm [accessed 5 February 2010].
Allison, J., Jenner, W., Cappuccino, N., and Mason, P.G. 2007. Oviposition and feeding preference of Acrolepiopsis assectella Zell. (Lep., Acrolepiidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 131: 690697. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0418.2007.01170.x.
Andrewartha, H.G., and Birch, L.E. 1954. The distribution and abundance of animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Åsman, K. 2001. Effect of temperature on development and activity periods of the leek moth Acrolepiopsis assectella Zell. (Lep., Acrolepiidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 125: 361364. doi:10.1046/j.1439-0418.2001.00558.x.
Baskerville, G.L., and Emin, P. 1969. Rapid estimation of heat accumulation from maximum and minimumtemperatures. Ecology, 50: 514517. doi: 10.2307/1933912.
Bouchet, J. 1973. La prevision des attaques de la teigne du poireau a la station d'avertissements agricoles des pays de la Loire. Phytoma-Défense des Cultures, 25: 2428.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency. 2009. Leek moth (Acrolepiopsis assectella) [online]. Available from http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/plaveg/pestrava/surv/sit2008e.shtml#acrass [accessed 5 February 2010].
Fauna Europaea. 2010. Distribution of Acrolepiopsis assectella (Zeller) [online]. Available from http://www.faunaeur.org/Maps/display_map.php?map_name5euro&_language5en&taxon 1=359590 [accessed 10 February 2010].
Handfield, L., Landry, J.-F., Landry, B., and Lafontaine, J.D. 1997. Liste des lépidoptéres du Québec et du Labrador. Fabreries, Supplément 7.
Hearne Scientific Software. 2010. CLIMEX 3.0.2. Hearne Scientific Software Pty Ltd., Melbourne, Australia [online]. Available from http://www.hearne.com.au/products/climex/edition/climex3/ [accessed 17 November 2010].
Jary, S.G., and Rolfe, S.W. 1945. The leek moth. Agriculture, 52: 3537.
Jenner, W., and Kuhlmann, U. 2004. Biological control of leek moth, Acrolepiopsis assectella. Annual Report 2004/2005, CABI Bioscience Switzerland Centre, Delémont, Switzerland.
Jenner, W.H., Kuhlmann, U., Mason, P.G., and Cappuccino, N. 2010 a. Comparative life tables of leek moth, Acrolepiopsis assectella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae), in its native range. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 100: 8797. doi:10.1017/S0007485309006804. PMID:19323855.
Jenner, W.H., Mason, P.G., Cappuccino, N., and Kuhlmann, U. 2010 b. Native range assessment of classical biological control agents: impact of Inundative releases as pre-introduction evaluation. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 100: 387394. doi:10.1017/S0007485309990368. PMID:19814849.
Jeschke, J.M., and Strayer, D.I. 2008. Usefulness of bioclimatic models for studying climate change and invasive species. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1143: 124. doi:10.1196/annals.1439.002. PMID:19076341.
Klass, C. 2009. Leek moth found in NY [online]. Available from http://blogs.cce.cornell.edu/community-horticulture/2009/09/08/leek-moth-found-in-ny/ [accessed 26 November 2009].
Landry, J.-F. 2007. Taxonomic review of the leek moth genus Acrolepiopsis (Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae) in North America. The Canadian Entomologist, 139: 319353. doi:10.4039/N06-098.
Lecomte, C. 1976. Premiéres observations sur la biologie et les dégâts de la teigne du poireau Acrolepiopsis (Acrolepia) assectella Zeller (Microlépidoptère Plutellidae) sur le littoral algérois. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord, 67: 4956.
Markula, M. 1981. Pests of cultivated plants in Finland in 1980. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 20: 2527.
Mason, P.G., Olfert, O., Sluchinski, L., Weiss, R.M., Boudreault, C., Grossrieder, M., and Kuhlmann, U. 2003. Actual and potential distribution of an invasive canola pest, Meligethes viridescens (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae), in Canada. The Canadian Entomologist, 135: 405413. doi:10.4039/N02-046.
Mason, P.G., Appleby, M., Juneja, S., Allen, J., and Landry, J.-F. 2010. Biology and development of leek moth, Acrolepiopsis assectella (Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae), in eastern Ontario. The Canadian Entomologist, 142: 393404.
Muñoz, M.E.S., Giovanni, R., Siqueira, M.F., Sutton, T., Brewer, P., Pereira, R.S. et al. . 2011. Open Modeller: a generic approach to species' potential distribution modelling. GeoInformatica, 15: 111135. doi: 10.1007/s10707-009-0090-7.
New, M., Hulme, M., and Jones, P.D. 1999. Representing twentieth century space–time climate variability. Part 1: development of a 1961-90 mean monthly terrestrial climatology. Journal of Climate, 12: 829856. doi:10.1175/1520-0442 (1999)012 <0829:RTCSTC>2.0.CO;2.
Olfert, O., Weiss, R.M., Woods, S., Philip, H., and Dosdall, L. 2004. Potential distribution and relative abundance of an invasive cereal crop pest, Oulema melanopus L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), in Canada. The Canadian Entomologist, 136: 277287. doi:10.4039/N03-073. PCI Geomatics. 2003. SPANS v.5.31 for OS/2 - TYDAC Research. Richmond Hill, Ontario.
PCI Geomatics. 2003. SPANS v.5.31 for OS/2 - TYDAC Research. Richmond Hill, Ontario.
Phillips, S. J., Anderson, R.P., and Schapire, R.E. 2006. Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions. Ecological Modelling, 190: 231259. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.03.026.
Plastoka, E., and Dabrowski, Z.T. 1986. Biological principles of leek moth (Acrolepia assectella Zellar, Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) control. II. Biology. Annals of the Warsaw Agricultural University, 13: 3546.
Régnière, J., Cooke, B., and Bergeron, V. 1995. Bio SIM: a computer-based decision support tool for seasonal planning of pest management activities. User's manual. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre Information Report LAU-X-116 [online]. Available from http://www.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/factsheets/biosim [accessed 4 October 2010].
Scaltriti, G.P., and Rezzadore, G. 1982. Leek moth: biology and control prospects. Informatore Agrario, 38: 2151521522.
Stockwell, D.R.B., and Peters, D.P. 1999. The GARP modelling system: problems and solutions to automated spatial prediction. International Journal of Geographic Information Systems, 13: 143158. doi:10.1080/136588199241391.
Sutherst, R.W., and Maywald, G.F. 2005. A climate model of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): implications for invasion of new regions, particularly Oceania. Environmental Entomology, 34: 317335. doi:10. 1603/0046-225X-34.2.317.
Sutherst, R.W., Maywald, G.F., Bottomley, W., and Bourne, A. 2004. CLIMEX version 2: user's guide [computer program]. Hearne Scientific Software Pty Ltd., Melbourne, Australia.
Sutherst, R.W., Maywald, G.F., and Kriticos, D.J. 2007. CLIMEX version 3: user's guide. www. Hearne.com.au [computer program]. Hearne Scientific Software Pty Ltd., Melbourne, Australia.
Velitchkevitch, A.I. 1924. Biological observations on A. assectella, Zell. in the Novgorod government. Review of Applied Entomology, 12: 356. [Abstr.]
Vera, M.T., Rodriguez, R., Segura, D.F., Cladera, J.L., and Sutherst, R.W. 2002. Potential geographical distribution of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae), with emphasis on Argentina and Australia. Population Ecology, 31: 10091022.
Worner, S.P. 1994. Ecoclimatic assessment of potential establishment of exotic pests. Journal of Economic Entomology, 81: 973983.
Yonow, T., Kriticos, D.J., and Medd, R.W. 2004. The potential geographic range of Pyrenophora semeniperd. Phytopathology, 94: 805812. doi:10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.8.805. PMID: 18943099.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Canadian Entomologist
  • ISSN: 0008-347X
  • EISSN: 1918-3240
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-entomologist
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed