Skip to main content
×
×
Home

LO01: Analysis of bystander CPR quality during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using data derived from automated external defibrillators

  • S. M. Fernando (a1), C. Vaillancourt (a1), S. Morrow (a1) and I. G. Stiell (a1)
Abstract

Introduction: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with high mortality, and CPR quality is one of the few modifiable factors associated with improved outcomes. Particularly, bystander CPR has been shown to improve survival and neurological outcomes in OHCA. However, the quality of CPR performed by bystanders in OHCA is unknown. We evaluated bystander CPR quality during OHCA, utilizing data stored within Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs), and matched with cases enrolled in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) database. Methods: This cohort study included adult OHCA cases from the Ottawa ROC site between 2011-2016, which were of presumed cardiac etiology, not witnessed by EMS, and where an AED was utilized by a bystander with > 1 minute of CPR process data available. AED data from Ottawa Paramedic Services was matched to each case identified by the ROC database. AED data was analyzed using manufacturer software to determine overall measures of bystander CPR quality, changes in bystander CPR quality over time, and bystander adherence to existing 2010 Resuscitation Guidelines. Results: 100 cases met all inclusion criteria. 75.0% of patients were male, with a mean age of 62.3 years. 58.0% of arrests occurred in the home setting, and 24.0% were witnessed arrests. Initial rhythm was ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia in 36.0% of cases. Overall survival rate was 42.0%, with a modified Rankin Score of 3.7 (95% CI: 2.9-4.5). Bystanders demonstrated high-quality CPR over the course of resuscitation, with a chest compression fraction (CCF) of 75.9% (73.6-78.1), a compression depth of 5.26 cm (5.03-5.49), and a compression rate of 111.2/min (107.7-114.7). Mean peri-shock pause was 26.8 seconds (24.6-29.1). Adherence rates to 2010 Resuscitation Guidelines for compression rate and depth were 66.0% (60.9-71.1) and 54.9% (48.6-61.3), respectively. CPR quality was lowest in the first minute of resuscitation, during which rhythm analysis took place (mean 40.5 sec). In cases involving a shockable rhythm, overall latency from initiation of AED to shock delivery was 59.2 sec (45.5-72.8). Conclusion: We found that bystanders perform high-quality CPR, with strong adherence rates to existing Resuscitation Guidelines. Our findings provide evidence of the quality of bystander CPR performed during OHCA.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      LO01: Analysis of bystander CPR quality during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using data derived from automated external defibrillators
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      LO01: Analysis of bystander CPR quality during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using data derived from automated external defibrillators
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      LO01: Analysis of bystander CPR quality during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using data derived from automated external defibrillators
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1481-8035
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-emergency-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed