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Peak performance: Simulation and the nature of expertise in emergency medicine

  • Christopher M. Hicks (a1) (a2) (a3) and Andrew Petrosoniak (a1) (a2) (a3)
Corresponding author
Correspondence to: Dr. Christopher M. Hicks, Dept. Emergency Medicine, Bond Wing, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, CanadaM5B 1W8; Email:
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1.Ericsson, KA. Deliberate practice and acquisition of expert performance: a general overview. Acad Emerg Med 2008;15:988-94.10.1111/j.1553-2712.2008.00227.x
2.Issenberg, SB, McGaghie, WC, Petrusa, ER, et al. Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review. Med Teach 2005;27(1):10-28.10.1080/01421590500046924
3.Szulewski, A, Egan, R, Hall, R, et al. A new way to look at simulation-based assessment: the relationship between gaze-tracking and exam performance. CJEM 2019;21(1):129-37.10.1017/cem.2018.391
4.Szulewski, A, Kelton, D, Howes, D. Pupillometry as a tool to study expertise in medicine. Frontline Res Learn 2017;5(3):53-63.10.14786/flr.v5i3.256
5.Szulewski, A, Fernando, SM, Bayles, J, Howes, D. Increasing pupil size is associated with increasing cognitive processing demands: a pilot study using a mobile eye-tracking device. Open J Emerg Med 2014;2:8-11.10.4236/ojem.2014.21002
6.Damji, O, Lee-Nobbee, P, Borkenhagen, D, Cheng, A. Analysis of eye-tracking behaviours in a pediatric trauma simulation. CJEM 2019;21(1):138-40.10.1017/cem.2018.450
7.LeBlanc, VR. The effects of acute stress on performance: implications for health professions education. Acad Med 2009;84(10 Suppl):S25-33.10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181b37b8f
8.Hicks, CM, Leblanc, V. Hardened tendencies: persistence of initial appraisals following simulation-based stress training. CJEM 2018;20(Suppl 1):S81.10.1017/cem.2018.267
9.Petrosoniak, A, Almeida, R, Pozzobon, LD, et al. Tracking workflow during high-stakes resuscitation: the application of a novel clinician movement tracing tool during in situ trauma simulation. BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn 2018; epub, doi:10.1136/ bmjstel-2017-000300.
10.Jung, JJ, Jüni, P, Lebovic, G, Grantcharov, T. First-year analysis of the operating room black box study. Ann Surg 2018; epub, doi:10.1097/SLA.0000000000002863.
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Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1481-8035
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-emergency-medicine
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