12. Notably, the full version of the model would require taking into account also the values of the possible true outcomes of the trial. Doing so, however, would hardly undermine the Consequentialist’s conclusion that we should lower the standard of proof. Consider also that Laudan, “The Rules of Trial”, *supra* note 3 at 206-07 (the work that I most heavily rely on in formulating the Consequentialist’s argument) uses the simplified version of the model, i.e., that including only the values of the false outcomes. In light of these considerations, and especially in order to keep things as simple as possible, I decided to present the simplified version. Some commentators, like Walen in *supra* note 2 at 407-08, suggest that there may be reasons, besides simplicity, for leaving the values of the true outcomes out of the decision-theoretic formula. An argument in favour of the comprehensive formula, instead, is offered in Dekay, *supra* note 8 at 115-17. For an extensive treatment of the decision-theoretic model see Kaplan, John, “Decision Theory and the Factfinding Process” (1968) 20:6 Stan L Rev 1065;Google Scholar Tribe, Laurence H, “Trial by Mathematics: Precision and Ritual in the Legal Process” (1971) 84:6 Harv L Rev 1329 at 1378ff;Google Scholar Lillquist, Erik, “Recasting Reasonable Doubt: Decision Theory and the Virtues of Variability” (2002) 36:1 UC Davis L Rev 85;Google Scholar Hamer, *supra* note 8 at 81-86; Laudan, Larry & Saunders, Harry D, “Rethinking the Criminal Standard of Proof: Seeking Consensus about the Utilities of Trial Outcomes” (2009) 7:2 Int l Commentary on Evidence 1;Google Scholar Picinali, Federico, “Two Meanings of ‘Reasonableness’: Dispelling the ‘Floating’ Reasonable Doubt” (2013) 76:5 Mod L Rev 845;Google Scholar Walen, *supra* note 2 at 400ff; Nance, Dale A, The Burdens of Proof: Discriminatory Power, Weight of Evidence, and Tenacity of Belief (Cambridge University Press, 2016) at 21–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar