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Distance Sets of Urysohn Metric Spaces

  • N.W. Sauer (a1)
Abstract.

A metric space M = (M; d) is homogeneous if for every isometry f of a finite subspace of M to a subspace of M there exists an isometry of M onto M extending f . The space M is universal if it isometrically embeds every finite metric space F with dist(F) ⊆ dist(M) (with dist(M) being the set of distances between points in M).

A metric space U is a Urysohn metric space if it is homogeneous, universal, separable, and complete. (We deduce as a corollary that a Urysohn metric space U isometrically embeds every separable metric space M with dist(M) ⊆ dist(U).)

The main results are: (1) A characterization of the sets dist(U) for Urysohn metric spaces U. (2) If R is the distance set of a Urysohn metric space and M and N are two metric spaces, of any cardinality with distances in R, then they amalgamate disjointly to a metric space with distances in R. (3) The completion of every homogeneous, universal, separable metric space M is homogeneous.

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References
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Canadian Journal of Mathematics
  • ISSN: 0008-414X
  • EISSN: 1496-4279
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-mathematics
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