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Modular Abelian Varieties Over Number Fields

  • Xavier Guitart (a1) and Jordi Quer (a2)

The main result of this paper is a characterization of the abelian varieties B/K defined over Galois number fields with the property that the L-function L(B/K; s) is a product of L-functions of non-CM newforms over ℚ for congruence subgroups of the form Γ1(N). The characterization involves the structure of End(B), isogenies between the Galois conjugates of B, and a Galois cohomology class attached to B/K.

We call the varieties having this property strongly modular. The last section is devoted to the study of a family of abelian surfaces with quaternionic multiplication. As an illustration of the ways in which the general results of the paper can be applied, we prove the strong modularity of some particular abelian surfaces belonging to that family, and we show how to find nontrivial examples of strongly modular varieties by twisting.

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Canadian Journal of Mathematics
  • ISSN: 0008-414X
  • EISSN: 1496-4279
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-mathematics
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