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Some Formulas Involving Ramanujan Sums

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2018

C. A. Nicol*
Affiliation:
University of Oklahoma and University of South Carolina
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The purpose of this note is to establish an identity involving the cyclotomic polynomial and a function of the Ramanujan sums. Some consequences are then derived from this identity.

For the reader desiring a background in cyclotomy, (2) is mentioned. Also, (4) is intimately connected with the following discussion and should be consulted.

The cyclotomic polynomial Fn(x) is defined as the monic polynomial whose roots are the primitive nth roots of unity. It is well known that

2.1

For the proof of Corollary 3.2 it is mentioned that Fn(0) = 1 if n > 1 and that Fn(x) > 0 if |x| < 1 and 1 < n.

The Ramanujan sums are defined by

2.2

where the sum is taken over all positive integers r less than or equal to n and relatively prime to n. It is also well known that

2.3

where the sum is taken over all positive divisors d common to n and k.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Mathematical Society 1962

References

1. Hölder, O., Zur Théorie der Kreisteilungsgleichung, Prace. Mat.-Fiz., 43 (1936), 1323.Google Scholar
2. Nagell, Trygve, Introduction to number theory (New York, 1951).Google Scholar
3. Nicol, C. A. and Vandiver, H. S., A von Sterneck arithmetical function and restricted partitions with respect to a modulus, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 40 (1954), 825835.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
4. K. G., Ramanathan, Some applications of Ramanujan1 s trigonometrical sums Cm(n), Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 20 (1944), 6269.Google Scholar
5. Ramanujan, S., On certain trigonometrical sums and their applications in the theory of numbers, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc, 22, no. 13 (1918), 259276.Google Scholar
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