Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Publicity, reciprocity, and incentives

  • Andrew Lister (a1)

Abstract

This paper mounts a partial defense of the basic structure objection to the egalitarian criticism of productive incentives. The defense is based on the claim that some duties of justice are subject to a reciprocity condition. The paper develops this position via an examination of the debate between Andrew Williams and G. A. Cohen on publicity and incentives. Reciprocity is an intrinsic feature of a relational conception of social justice, not simply a requirement of stability. Not all duties are conditional on reciprocity because some duties are owed to third parties, as well as to their primary targets. Some forms of exploitation may be unconditionally wrong, but not the specific kind of exploitation at stake when talented individuals accept market wages.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Publicity, reciprocity, and incentives
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Publicity, reciprocity, and incentives
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Publicity, reciprocity, and incentives
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Anderson, Elizabeth. 1999. “What Is the Point of Equality?Ethics 109 (2): 287337.
Anderson, Elizabeth. 2010. “The Fundamental Disagreement between Luck Egalitarians and Relational Egalitarians.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (sup1): 123.
Arnold, Denis G., and Bowie, Norman E.. 2003. “Sweatshops and Respect for Persons.” Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (2): 221–42.
Becker, Lawrence C. 1986. Reciprocity. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Carens, Joseph H. 1981. Equality, Moral Incentives, and the Market: An Essay in Utopian Politico-Economic Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Casal, Paula. 2015. “Marx, Rawls, Cohen, and Feminism.” Hypatia 30 (4): 811–27.
Casal, Paula. 2016. “Mill, Rawls, and Cohen on Incentives and Occupational Freedom.” Utilitas 123.
Ci, Jiwei. 2006. The Two Faces of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Cohen, G. A. 1992. Incentives, Inequality, and Community. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
Cohen, G. A. 2008. Rescuing Justice and Equality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Darwall, Stephen. 2006. The Second Person Standpoint: Morality, Respect, and Accountability. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Fehr, Ernst, and Fischbacher, Urs. 2005. “The Economics of Strong Reciprocity.” In Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life, edited by Gintis, Herbert, Bowles, Samuel, Boyd, Robert, and Fehr, Ernst, 151–92. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fehr, Ernst, Fischbacher, Urs, and Gacther, Simon. 2002. “Strong Reciprocity, Human Cooperation, and the Enforcement of Social Norms.” Human Nature 13: 125.
Gintis, Herbert, Bowles, Samuel, Boyd, Robert, and Fehr, Ernst, eds. 2005. Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Gouldner, Alvin W. 1960. “The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement.” American Sociological Review 25 (2): 161–78.
Grey, Thomas C. 1973. “The First Virtue.” Stanford Law Review 25: 286327.
Hayek, F. A. 1945. “The Use of Knowledge in Society.” The American Economic Review 35 (4): 519–30.
Hayek, F. A. 1960. The Constitution of Liberty . London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Heath, Joseph. 2018. “On the Very Idea of a Just Wage.” Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 11 (2): 133.
Hobbes, Thomas. 1968. The Leviathan. London: Penguin Books.
Jackson, Ben. 2007. Equality and the British Left: A study in Progressive Political Thought, 1900–64. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Kymlicka, Will. 2006. “Left-Liberalism Revisited.” In The Egalitarian Conscience, edited by Christine Sypnowich, 932. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lippert-Rasmussen, Kasper. 2008. “Publicity and Egalitarian Justice.” Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (1): 3049.
Lister, Andrew. 2017. “Fact-Sensitivity and the Defining Down Objection.” Res Publica 23 (1): 117–35.
May, Simon Cabulea. 2008. “Review of The Two Faces of Justice.” The Philosophical Review 117(3): 448–51.
Mill, John Stuart. 1969. “Utilitarianism.” In The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, vol. 10, edited by Robson, J. M., 203–60. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985.
Miller, David. 2014. “Are Human Rights Conditional?” In Human Rights and Global Justice: The 10th Kobe Lectures, edited by Sakurai, Tetsu and Usami, Makoto, 1734. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Moon, Donald J. 2015. “Cohen vs. Rawls on Justice and Equality.” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (1): 4056.
Nagel, Thomas. 1975. “Libertarianism without Foundations.” Yale Law Journal 85 (1): 136–49.
Narveson, Jan. 1976. “A Puzzle about Economic Justice in Rawls’ Theory.” Social Theory and Practice 4 (1): 127.
Neufeld, Blain, and Chad Van Schoelandt. 2014. “Political Liberalism, Ethos Justice, and Gender Equality.” Law and Philosophy 33: 75104.
Ostrom, Elinor. 2000. “Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 14 (3): 137–58.
Quong, Jonathan. 2010. “Justice Beyond Equality.” Social Theory and Practice 36 (2): 315–40.
Rawls, John. 1957. “Justice as Fairness.” The Journal of Philosophy 54 (22): 653–62.
Rawls, John. 1971. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Rawls, John. 1996. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Rawls, John. 1999. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Scheffler, Samuel. 2003. “What Is Egalitarianism?Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (1): 539.
Sen, Amartya. 1967. “Isolation, Assurance, and the Social Rate of Discount.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 81 (1): 112–24.
Shiffrin, Seana Valentine. 2010. “Incentives, Motives, and Talent.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (2): 111–42.
Tan, Kok-Chor. 2008. “A Defense of Luck Egalitarianism.” Journal of Philosophy 105 (11): 665–90.
Tomlin, Patrick. 2010. “Survey Article: Internal Doubts about Cohen’s Rescue of Justice.” The Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (2): 228–47.
Van Parijs, Philippe. 2003. “Difference Principles.” In The Cambridge Companion to Rawls, edited by Freeman, Samuel. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
White, Stuart. 2003. The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic Citizenship. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
White, Stuart. 2017. “Should a Minimum Income Be Unconditional?” In Social Rights in Europe in an Age of Austerity, edited by Matteuci, Stefano Civitarese and Halliday, Simon, 179–94. London: Routledge.
Williams, Andrew. 1998. “Incentives, Inequality, and Publicity.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 27: 225–47.
Williams, Andrew. 2008. “Justice, Incentives, and Constructivism.” Ratio 21 (4): 476–93.
Zwolinski, Matt. 2007. “Sweatshops, Choice, and Exploitation.” Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4): 689727.

Keywords

Publicity, reciprocity, and incentives

  • Andrew Lister (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed