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Injective Convolution Operators on ℓ(Γ) are Surjective

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2018

Yemon Choi*
Department of Mathematics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, andDepartment of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E6 e-mail:
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Let $\Gamma $ be a discrete group and let $f\,\in \,{{l}^{1}}(\Gamma )$. We observe that if the natural convolution operator $\rho f\,:\,{{l}^{\infty }}(\Gamma )\,\to \,{{l}^{\infty }}(\Gamma )$ is injective, then $f$ is invertible in ${{l}^{1}}(\Gamma )$. Our proof simplifies and generalizes calculations in a preprint of Deninger and Schmidt by appealing to the direct finiteness of the algebra ${{l}^{1}}(\Gamma )$.

We give simple examples to show that in general one cannot replace ${{l}^{\infty }}$ with ${{l}^{p}},\,1\,\le \,p\,<\,\infty $, nor with ${{L}^{\infty }}(G)$ for nondiscrete $G$. Finally, we consider the problem of extending the main result to the case of weighted convolution operators on $\Gamma $, and give some partial results.


Research Article
Copyright © Canadian Mathematical Society 2010


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