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Sudden cardiac death in the young: the bogeyman

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 September 2014

Alessandro Durante*
Affiliation:
Ospedale Valduce, ComoItaly
Pietro L. Laforgia
Affiliation:
Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
Andrea Aurelio
Affiliation:
Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
Giovanni Foglia-Manzillo
Affiliation:
Ospedale Valduce, ComoItaly
Sofia Bronzato
Affiliation:
Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
Mauro Santarone
Affiliation:
Ospedale Valduce, ComoItaly
Giovanni Corrado
Affiliation:
Ospedale Valduce, ComoItaly
*
Correspondence to: A. Durante, MD, Ospedale Valduce, Como, Via Dante 11, Como 22100, Italy. Tel: +39 388 0493877; Fax: 031 3080047; Email: durante.alessandro@gmail.com

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death in the young is a relatively uncommon but marked event usually related to congenital diseases or anomalies. Despite the prevalence of each condition being variable, most common causes include primary myocardial diseases and arrhythmic disorder, frequently with inheritance pattern. Sudden cardiac death is usually preceded by symptoms, thus making personal and family history fundamental for its prevention. Nevertheless, in more than 50% of cases, sudden cardiac death is the first manifestation of the disease. In this review, we describe the different causes of sudden cardiac death, their incidence, and currently used preventive strategies.

Type
Review Articles
Copyright
© Cambridge University Press 2014 

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