Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Autonomic responses induced by aerobic submaximal exercise in obese and overweight adolescents

  • Milana D. R. Santana (a1), Brian Kliszczewicz (a2), Franciele M. Vanderlei (a3), Larissa R. L. Monteiro (a1), Eli Carlos Martiniano (a1), Yasmim M. de Moraes (a1), Luana B. Mangueira (a1), Guilherme C. Alcantara (a1), José Ramon A. da Silva (a1), Cicero Jonas R. Benjamim (a1), Fernando R. Oliveira (a3) (a4) and Vitor E. Valenti (a3) (a5)...

Abstract

Background

Graded exercises tests are performed in adult populations; nonetheless, the use of this type of assessment is greatly understudied in overweight and obese adolescents.

Objective

To investigate heart rate autonomic responses to submaximal aerobic exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Methods

We recruited 40 adolescents divided into two groups: (1) overweight group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls between Z-score +1 and +2 and (2) obese group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls above Z-score >+2. Heart rate variability was analysed before (T1) and after exercise (T2–T4) on treadmill at a slope of 0%, with 70% of the maximal estimated heart rate (220 – age) for 20 minutes.

Results

Heart rate in the overweight group was: 93.2±10.52 bpm versus 120.8±13.49 bpm versus 94.6±11.65 bpm versus 93.0±9.23 bpm, and in the obese group was: 92.0±15.41 bpm versus 117.6±16.31 bpm versus 92.1±12.9 bpm versus 91.8±14.33 bpm. High frequency in the overweight group was: 640±633.1 ms2 versus 84±174.66 ms2 versus 603.5±655.31 ms2 versus 762.6±807.21 ms2, and in the obese group was: 628.4±779.81 ms2 versus 65.4±119.34 ms2 versus 506.2±482.70 ms2 versus 677.9±939.05 ms2; and root mean square of successive differences in the overweight group was: 37.9±18.81 ms versus 10.9±8.41 ms versus 32.8±24.07 ms versus 36.7±21.86 ms, and in the obese group was: 38.7±23.17 ms versus 11.5±8.62 ms versus 32.3±16.74 ms versus 37.3±24.21 ms. These values significantly changed during exercise compared with resting values in overweight and obese groups. Moreover, we also reported no significant difference of resting parasympathetic control of heart rate between obese and overweight adolescents.

Conclusion

There was no significant difference of autonomic responses elicited by submaximal aerobic exercise between overweight and obese adolescents.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: M. D. R. Santana, PhD, Nucleus of Studies in Physiological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Juazeiro do Norte, Rua São Francisco, 1224, 63010-212, São Miguel, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil. Tel: +55 (88) 2101-2777; Fax: +55 (88) 2101-2779; E-mail: franmvanderlei@gmail.com

Footnotes

Hide All

Cite this article: Santana MDR, Kliszczewicz B, Vanderlei FM, Monteiro LRL, Martiniano EC, de Moraes YM, Mangueira LB, Alcantara GC, da Silva JRA, Benjamim CJR, Oliveira FR, Valenti VE. (2019) Autonomic responses induced by aerobic submaximal exercise in obese and overweight adolescents. Cardiology in the Young29: 169–173. doi: 10.1017/S1047951118002007

Footnotes

References

Hide All
1. NCD-Risk Factor Collaboration. Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. The Lancet 2017; 390: 1619.
2. Blom, EH, Olsson, EMG, Serlachius, E, Ericson, M, Ingvar, M. Heart rate variability is related to self-reported physical activity in a healthy adolescent population. Euro J Appl Physiol 2009; 106: 877883.
3. Francica, JV, Bigongiari, A, Mochizuki, L, et al. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in chronic stroke women is attenuated after submaximal exercise test, as evaluated by linear and nonlinear analysis. BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2015; 15: 105.
4. Albert, CM, Mittleman, MA, Chae, CU, Lee, IM, Hennekens, CH, Manson, JE. Triggering of sudden death from cardiac causes by vigorous exertion. N Engl J Med 2000; 343: 13551361.
5. Vanderlei, LC, Pastre, CM, Hoshi, RA, Carvalho, TD, Godoy, MF. Basic notions of heart rate variability and its clinical applicability. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2009; 24: 205217.
6. Camm, AJ, Malik, M, Bigger, JT, et al. Heart rate variability: standards of measurement, physiological interpretation and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology. Circulation 1996; 93: 10431065.
7. Barbosa, MP, da Silva, NT, de Azevedo, FM, Pastre, CM, Vanderlei, LC. Comparison of Polar® RS800G3™ heart rate monitor with Polar® S810i™ and electrocardiogram to obtain the series of RR intervals and analysis of heart rate variability at rest. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 2016; 36: 112117.
8. Tarvainen, MP, Niskanen, JP, Lipponen, JA, Ranta-aho, PO, Karjalainen, PA. Kubios HRV – heart rate variability analysis software. Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2014; 113: 210220.
9. Quintana, DS. Statistical considerations for reporting and planning heart rate variability case-control studies. Psychophysiology 2017; 54: 344349.
10. Ricci-Vitor, AL, Rossi, FE, Hirai, PM, et al. Effects of a multidisciplinary program on the autonomic modulation of overweight and obese children and adolescents. J Hum Growth Dev 2016; 26: 154161.
11. Vanderlei, LCM, Pastre, CM, Freitas Júnior, IF, Godoy, MF. Analysis of cardiac autonomic modulation in obese and eutrophic children. Clinics 2010; 65: 789792.
12. Cho, YH, Craig, ME, Jopling, T, Chan, A, Donaghue, KC. Higher body mass index predicts cardiac autonomic dysfunction: a longitudinal study in adolescent type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes 2018; 19: 794800.
13. Parish, RC, Todman, S, Jain, SK. Resting heart rate variability, inflammation, and insulin resistance in overweight and obese adolescents. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2016; 14: 291297.
14. Silvetti, MS, Drago, F, Ragonese, P. Heart rate variability in healthy children and adolescents is partially related to age and gender. Int J Cardiol 2001; 81: 169174.
15. Freitas, IMG, Miranda, JA, Mira, PAC, Lanna, CMM, Lima, JRP, Laterza, MC. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in obese normotensive children and adolescents. Rev Paul Pediatr 2014; 32: 244249.
16. Jezdimirovic, T, Stajer, V, Semeredi, S, Calleja-Gonzalez, J, Ostojic, SM. Does body fat percentage predict post-exercise heart rate response in non-obese children and adolescents? J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2017; 30: 629633.
17. Eijsvogels, TMH, Fernandez, AB, Thompson, PD. Are there deleterious cardiac effects of acute and chronic endurance exercise? Physiol Rev 2016; 96: 99125.
18. Rossi, RC, Vanderlei, LCM, Gonçalves, ACCR, et al. Impact of obesity on autonomic modulation, heart rate and blood pressure in obese young people. Auton Neurosci 2015; 193: 138141.
19. Friendemann, C, Heneghan, C, Mahtani, K, Thompson, M, Perera, R, Ward, AM. Cardiovascular disease risk in healthy children and its association with body mass index: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2012; 345: e4759.
20. Meleleo, D, Bartolomeo, N, Cassano, L, et al. Evaluation of body composition with bioimpedance. A comparison between athletic and non-athletic children. Eur J Sport Sci 2017; 17: 710719.
21. Price, C, Cohen, D, Pribis, P, Cerami, J. Nutrition education and body mass index in grades K-12: a systematic review. J Sch Health 2017; 87: 715720.
22. Miguel-Berges, ML, Reilly, JJ, Moreno Aznar, LA, Jiménez-Pavón, D. Associations between pedometer-determined physical activity and adiposity in children and adolescents: systematic review. Clin J Sport Med 2018; 28: 6475.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Cardiology in the Young
  • ISSN: 1047-9511
  • EISSN: 1467-1107
  • URL: /core/journals/cardiology-in-the-young
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed