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Migration in Preindustrial Germany


Demographic research is rapidly rewriting the history of the preindustrial European population. Numerous recent local studies contradict the common stereotype of geographical stability; European communities before 1800 housed highly mobile populations. Much of this new research concerns England and France, but significant migratory movement has also been found in early modern Sweden, Scotland, and Japan. This paper surveys the evidence on mobility in Germany since the later Middle Ages, and places it within a broad socioeconomic context.

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Keith Wrightson , “Aspects of Social Differentiation in Rural England, c. 1580–1660,” Journal of Peasant Studies 5 (1977): 3347

David Gaunt , “Pre-Industrial Economy and Population Structure,” Scandinavian Journal of History 2 (1977): 195–98

T. M. Devine , “Temporary Migration and the Scottish Highlands in the Nineteenth Century,” Economic History Review 32 (1979): 344.

Peter Clark , “Migration in England during the Late Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries,” Past and Present, no. 83 (1979), 5790

R. E. F. Smith , Peasant Farming in Muscovy (Cambridge, 1977).

Duane J. Osheim , “Rural Population and the Tuscan Economy in the Late Middle Ages,” Viator 7 (1976): 342–44.

Steve Hochstadt , “Migration and Industrialization in Germany: 1815–1977,” Social Science History 5 (1981): 451–55.

John Knodel , “Natural Fertility in Pre-industrial Germany,” Population Studies 32 (1978): 509.

Ann Sofie Kälvemark , “The Country that Kept Track of Its Population,” Scandinavian Journal of History 2 (1977): 220–22.

Lutz Berkner , “Peasant Household Organization and Demographic Change in Lower Saxony (1689–1766),” in Ronald Demos Lee , ed., Population Patterns in the Past (New York, 1977), 5369

Hans Fenske , “International Migration: Germany in the Eighteenth Century,” Central European History 13 (1980): 332–47, esp. 344–46.

Wolfram Fischer , “Rural Industrialization and Population Change,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 15 (1973): 160

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Central European History
  • ISSN: 0008-9389
  • EISSN: 1569-1616
  • URL: /core/journals/central-european-history
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