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Local Governance Pathways to Decarbonization in China and India

  • Bruce Gilley (a1)

Abstract

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the world's two largest countries requires feasible governance pathways that integrate politics, policy and administration. Using examples of successful mitigation at the local level in China (Guangzhou) and India (Gujarat), this article identifies integrated governance solutions that work in both cases through different types of linkages. In China, it is mainly intra-governmental linkages, while in India it is mainly state–society linkages. In neither case do international negotiations concerning emissions targets have significant effects, while national frameworks have only marginal effects. Approaching the problem in this comparative manner helps to clarify how greenhouse gas governance operates in each country, the lessons for central–local environmental relations, and the implications for international assistance.

在世界上最大的两个国家减少温室气体排放, 需要集成政治, 政策和管理可行的治理途径。使用成功缓解的例子在中国 (广州) 和印度(古吉拉特) 地方层面, 本文综合确定治理解决方案, 在这两种情况下, 通过不同类型的联系工作。在中国, 它主要是政府内部的联系, 而在印度, 它主要是国家与社会的联系。在两种情况下做的关于减排目标的国际谈判有显著的影响, 而国家框架只有边际效应。这种方式比较接近问题有助于澄清温室气体治理在各个国家是如何运作的教训, 为中央与地方环境的关系, 以及对国际援助的影响。

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