Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The Regulatory Framework and Sustainable Development of China's Electricity Sector*

  • Yin-Fang Zhang (a1)
Abstract

Both supply- and demand-oriented solutions are important in cleaning up the electricity sector. However, their successful deployment calls for the removal of various barriers. This paper looks at China's electricity industry, one of the world's largest emitters of greenhouse gases, by relating the regulatory framework to the environmental dimension of sustainable electricity development. It develops an analytical framework by drawing upon the literature on the deployment of supply- and demand-side solutions, regulatory governance, and environmental policy integration. The paper finds that, in China's electricity sector, environmental considerations are subordinate to economic and development goals in policymaking and enforcement. Under the current regulatory framework, regulatory policies/instruments are not conducive to removing barriers to the effective deployment of the solutions.

解决电力行业的污染问题需要使用供给与需求双方面的措施。但是, 这些措施的成功使用面临许多障碍。本文将注意力放在中国的电力行业, 把该行业的监管体制与其在解决污染问题中所遇到的挑战和困难联系起来。分析中使用的理论框架取材于监管治理, 供需方减排措施, 及环境政策一体化方面的文献。分析结果表明, 在中国电力工业的政策制定与执行的过程中, 经济和发展目标是第一位, 而环境方面的考量处于从属地位。 目前的监管体制恰恰就是服务于这样一个决策定位。因此, 在这样的监管体制下所制定和采取的监管政策与手段不利于清除减排措施所面临的障碍。

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The Regulatory Framework and Sustainable Development of China's Electricity Sector*
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The Regulatory Framework and Sustainable Development of China's Electricity Sector*
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The Regulatory Framework and Sustainable Development of China's Electricity Sector*
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

The research on which this paper is based was funded by the British Academy Small Research Grant SG-54112. The views expressed are the author's and do not necessarily reflect those of the funding organization.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Andrews-Speed, Philip. 2010. “The institutions of energy governance in China.” Institut Français des Relations Internationales, http://www.ifri.org/en/publications/enotes/notes-de-lifri/institutions-energy-governance-china. Accessed 24 April 2015.
Andrews-Speed, Philip. 2012. The Governance of Energy in China: Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bonbright, James. 1961. Principles of Public Utility Rates. New York: Columbia University Press.
Chang, Yen-Chiang, and Wang, Nannan. 2010. “Environmental regulations and emissions trading in China.” Energy Policy 38, 3356–64.
Chen, Ling. 2010. “Playing the market reform card: the changing patterns of political struggle in China's electric power sector.” The China Journal 64, 6995.
Cheng, Tun-Jen, and Tsai, Chung-min. 2009. “Powering rent seeking in the electricity industry.” In Ngo, Tak-Wing and Wu, Yongping (eds.), Rent Seeking in China. London: Routledge, 117144.
Collier, Ute. 1997. Energy and Environment in the European Union: The Challenge of Integration. Aldershot: Avebury Studies in Green Research.
Gao, Ciwei, and Yang, Li. 2010. “Evolution of China's power dispatch principle and the new energy saving power dispatch policy.” Energy Policy 38, 7346–57.
Garcia, Clara. 2011. “Grid-connected renewable energy in China: policies and institutions under gradualism, developmentalism, and socialism.” Energy Policy 39, 8046–50.
Garcia, Clara. 2013. “Policies and institutions for grid-connected renewable energy: ‘best practice’ and the case of China.” Governance 26(1), 119146.
Global World Energy Council. 2005. “Wind force 12: a blueprint to achieve 12% of the world's electricity from wind power by 2020,” http://www.greenpeace.de/sites/www.greenpeace.de/files/greenpeace_studie_windforce_12_1.pdf. Accessed 25 March 2015.
Green, Richard. 2008. “Carbon tax and carbon permits: the impact on generators’ risks.” The Energy Journal 29(3), 6790.
Hemphill, Ross, Meitzen, Mark and Schoech, Philip. 2003. “Incentive regulation in network industries: experience and prospects in the US telecommunications, electricity, and natural gas industries.” Review of Network Economics 2, 316337.
Hood, Christopher, James, Oliver, Jones, George, Scott, Colin and Travers, Tony. 1999. Regulation inside Government: Waste-Watchers, Quality Police, and Sleaze-Busters. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hsueh, Roselyn. 2011. China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
IEA (International Energy Agency). 1999. “Retrofit of power stations for green house gas abatement: case studies.” IEA Greenhouse Gas Programme, Report No. Ph3/18.
IEA. 2006. China's Power Sector Reforms: Where to Next? Paris: IEA.
IEA. 2007. World Energy Outlook. Paris: IEA.
IEA. 2008. Deploying Renewables: Principles for Effective Policies. Paris: IEA.
IEA. 2012. “Non-greenhouse gas emission from coal-fired power plants in China,” IEA Clean Coal Centre Profiles 12(4), http://www.iea-coal.org.uk/documents/82991/8493/Non-greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-coal-fired-power-plants-in-China,-CCC/196.
Jordan, Andrew, and Lenschow, Andrea (eds.). 2008. Innovation in Environmental Policy? Integrating the Environment for Sustainability. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Kahrl, Fredrich, Williams, Jim, Jianhua, Ding and Junfeng, Hu. 2011. “Challenges to China's transition to a low carbon electricity system.” Energy Policy 39, 4032–41.
Kahrl, Fredrich, Williams, Jim and Junfeng, Hu. 2013. “The political economy of electricity dispatch reform in China.” Energy Policy 53, 361–69.
Knudsen, Jørgen. 2010. “Integration of environmental concerns in a trans-Atlantic perspective: the case of renewable electricity.” Review of Policy Research 27(2), 127146.
Lafferty, William, and Hovden, Eivind. 2003. “Environmental policy integration: towards an analytical framework.” Environmental Politics 12(3), 122.
Lema, Adrian, and Ruby, Kristian. 2007. “Between fragmented authoritarianism and policy coordination: creating a Chinese market for wind energy.” Energy Policy 35(7), 3879–90.
Levy, Brian, and Spiller, Pablo. 1994. “The institutional foundation of regulatory commitment: a comparative analysis of telecommunications regulation.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 10(2), 201246.
Liao, Cuiping, Jochem, Eberhard, Zhang, Yi and Farid, Nida. 2010. “Wind power development and policies in China.” Renewable Energy 35, 1879–86.
Lieberthal, Kenneth, and Oksenberg, Michel. 1988. Policy Making in China: Leaders, Structures, and Processes. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Lin, Kun-Chin, and Purra, Mika. 2010. “Transforming China's industrial sectors: institutional change and regulation of the power sector in the reform era.” Working Paper No. SPP10-12, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore.
Littlechild, Stephen. 1983. Regulation of British Telecommunications’ Profitability: Report to the Secretary of State. London: Department of Industry.
Ma, Jinlong. 2011. “On-grid electricity tariffs in China: development, reform, and prospects.” Energy Journal 39, 2633–45.
Maegli, Martin, and Jaag, Christian. 2009. “Regulatory governance costs in network industries: implications for postal regulation.” MPRA Working Paper No. 15309, http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/15309/1/MPRA_paper_15309.pdf.
National Development and Reform Commission. 2007. Medium- and Long-Term Plan for Renewable Energy Development. Beijing: NDRC.
Peterson, Thomas, and Rose, Adam. 2006. “Reducing conflicts between climate policy and energy policy in the US: the important role of the States.” Energy Policy 34(5), 619631.
Qiu, Xin, and Li, Honglin. 2012. “Energy regulation and legislation in China.” Environmental Law Reporter 42, 10678–693.
Rosen, Daniel, and Houser, Trevor. 2007. “China energy: a guide for the perplexed.” Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Schout, Adriaan, and Jordan, Andrew. 2005. “Coordinated European governance: self organizing or centrally steered.” Public Administration 83(1), 201220.
Spiller, Pablo, and Tommasi, Mariano. 2005. “The institutions of regulation: an application to public utilities.” In Menard, Claude and Shirley, Mary (eds.), Handbook of New Institutional Economics. Berlin: Springer, 515543.
State Electricity Regulatory Council. 2011. Electricity Regulatory Annual Report 2010. Beijing: State Electricity Regulatory Commission.
Sun, Xuegong, Guo, Liyan and Zheng, Zeng. 2012. “Market entry barriers for FDI and private investors: lessons from China's electricity market.” ERIA Discussion Paper Series, ERIS-DP-2012-17. In Wu, Yanru, Shi, Xunpeng and , Fukunari, Kimura (eds.), Energy Market Integration in East Asia: Theories, Electricity Sector and Subsidies. Jakarta: ERIA, 83102.
Williams, James, and Kahrl, Fredrich. 2008. “Electricity reform and sustainable development in China.” Environmental Research Letters 3(4), http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/1748-9326/3/4/044009/erl8_4_044009.html.
Wirtshafter, Robert. 1990. “Decentralization of China's electricity sector: is small beautiful?World Development 18(4), 505512.
World Bank. 2008. Financing Energy Efficiency: Lessons from Brazil, China, India, and Beyond . Washington, DC: World Bank.
Xu, Chenggang 2011. “The fundamental institutions of China's reforms and development.” Journal of Economic Literature 49(4), 10761151.
Yu, Yongzhen. 2012. “How to fit demand side management (DSM) into current Chinese electricity system reform?Energy Economics 34, 549557.
Zhang, Chi, and Heller, Thomas. 2004. “Reform of the Chinese electric power market: economics and institutions.” Stanford Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Working Paper No. 4, Stanford University.
Zhang, Yanhua, and Chen, Yongjun. 2011. “Vertical relationship in China's electricity industry: the quest for competition?Utilities Policy 19, 142151.
Zhang, Zhe, and Xi, Si. 2010. “Environmental tax delayed,” Economic Observer On-Line, 29 March, http://www.eeo.com.cn/ens/Politics/2010/03/29/166354.shtml. Accessed 5 April 2012.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The China Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0305-7410
  • EISSN: 1468-2648
  • URL: /core/journals/china-quarterly
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed