Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Thought Work Contested: Ideology and Journalism Education in China

  • Maria Repnikova (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

This article examines the dynamic evolution of China's ideology work through the prism of journalism education. Official sensitivity about both student activism and the media makes journalism education a critical sector for observing how the Party attempts to instil ideology. The article interrogates the process of negotiation of official ideology among authorities, educators and students at elite journalism schools. It demonstrates that alongside state-sanctioned media commercialization and globalization, official influence still looms large in journalism training. Ideological teachings continue to occupy a core place in the curricula, and the authorities deploy a mix of structural oversight, ad hoc surveillance and coercion to keep the educators in check. The effects of the official ideology work, however, are ambivalent, as educators and students engage in the active reinterpretation of the Party's media principles. While these practices do not directly undermine the Party's legitimacy, they demonstrate that official ideology has merely constructed what Yurchak terms a “hegemony of form,” highlighting a degree of vulnerability in China's mode of adaptive authoritarianism.

摘要

本文从新闻学教育的视角来探究中国意识形态工作的动态演变。新闻学教育对中国官方而言具有学生运动及媒体的双重敏感性, 因此可以作为观察当局意识形态工作的关键领域。本文探究了在中国精英新闻学教育机构中, 政府、教师和学生针对官方意识形态的协商过程, 论证了在国家允许的媒体商业化及全球化过程中, 官方影响在新闻学教育培训中依然非常突出。 在新闻媒体课程中意识形态继续占据核心地位, 而当局还通过一系列诸如结构性监督、临时性管制、乃至强力高压措施来约束教师。尽管如此, 政府意识形态工作的效果却差强人意, 因为教师和学生总是不断地对党的媒体原则进行积极的重新解读。这种行为虽然并不能直接削弱当局的合法性, 但是却展示了官方意识形态工作仅仅建立了“形式霸权”, 从而凸显了中国调适性威权主义模式在一定程度上的脆弱性。

Copyright
References
Hide All
Bandurski David, and Hala Martin. 2010. Investigative Journalism in China: Eight Cases in Chinese Watchdog Journalism. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong Press.
Brady Anne-Marie. 2008. Marketing Dictatorship: Propaganda and Thought Work in Contemporary China. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Brady Anne-Marie (ed). 2012. China's Thought Management. Abingdon: Routledge.
Branigan Tania. 2010. “Wang Keqin and China's revolution in investigative journalism,” The Guardian, 23 May.
Buckley Chris. 2015. “China warns against ‘Western values’ in imported textbooks,” Sinosphere, 30 January, http://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/01/30/china-warns-against-western-values-in-imported-textbooks/. Accessed 2 February 2017.
Chen Lidan. 2008. “Huigui xinwen xue benben: gaige kaifang sanshi nian lai wo guo xinwen lilun jiaocai jiegou de bianhua” (A review of journalism teaching materials: the transformation in media theory textbooks in the 30 years since reform and opening up). Guoji xinwenjie 12, 1217.
Dombernowsky Laura. 2014. “Chinese journalism students: balancing competing values.” In Svensson Marina, Saether Elin and Zhang Zhi'an (eds.), Chinese Investigative Journalists’ Dreams. New York: Lexington Books, 5375.
Esarey Ashley. 2006. “Speak no evil: mass media control in contemporary China.” Freedom at Issue, A Freedom House Special Report, February.
Esarey Ashley. 2015. “Winning hearts and minds? Cadres as microbloggers in China.” Journal of Current Chinese Affairs 44(2), 69103.
Esarey Ashley, and Qiang Xiao. 2008. “Political expression in the Chinese blogosphere: below the radar.” Asian Survey 48(5), 752777.
Gan Xifen. 1981. Xinwen lilun jichu (Basics in News Theory) . Beijing: Renmin University Press.
Guo Zhongshi. 2010. “Through barbed wires: context, content, and constraints for journalism education in China.” In Josephi Beate (ed.), Journalism Education in Countries with Limited Media Freedom. New York: Peter Lang, 1533.
Hassid Jonathan. 2011. “Four models of the fourth estate: a typology of contemporary Chinese journalists.” The China Quarterly 208, 1332.
Hassid Jonathan. 2016. China's Unruly Journalists: How Committed Professionals Are Changing the People's Republic. London: Routledge.
Havel Vaclav. 1990. Living in Truth. London: Faber and Faber.
Heilmann Sebastian, and Perry Elizabeth J.. 2011. Mao's Invisible Hand : The Political Foundations of Adaptive Governance in China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center.
Koesel Karrie J. 2015. “Learning to be loyal : political education in China.” Paper presented at the Association for Asian Studies, Chicago, IL.
Lieberthal Kenneth. 2004. Governing China: From Revolution through Reform. New York: W.W. Norton.
Liu Jianmin. 1999. Xiandai xinwen lilun (Modern News Theory) . Beijing: Mingzu chubanshe.
Lynch Daniel C. 1999. After the Propaganda State: Media, Politics and “Thought Work” in Reformed China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Mickiewicz Ellen. 2014. No Illusions: The Voices of Russia's Future Leaders. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
O'Brien Kevin, and Li Lijiang. 2006. Rightful Resistance in Rural China. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Perry Elizabeth J. 2013. “Cultural governance in contemporary China: ‘re-orienting’ Party propaganda.” Yenching Institute Working Paper, Harvard University.
Polumbaum Judy, and Lei Xiong. 2008. China Ink: The Changing Face of Journalism in China. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Repnikova Maria. 2017. Media Politics in China: Improvising Power under Authoritarianism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Repnikova Maria, and Fang Kecheng. 2016. “Persuasion 2.0: digital propaganda under Xi.” Paper presented at Association for Asian Studies, March 2016.
Schedler Andreas. 2002. “The menu of manipulation.” Journal of Democracy 13(2), 3650.
Shambaugh David. 2007. “China's propaganda system: institutions, processes, and efficacy.” The China Quarterly 57, 2558.
Stern Rachel. 2016. “Political reliability and the Chinese bar exam.” Journal of Law and Society 43(4), 506533.
Stockmann Daniela. 2012. Media Commercialization and Authoritarian Rule in China. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Wedeen Lisa. 1999. Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Yan Xiaojun. 2014. “Engineering stability: authoritarian political control over university students in post-Deng China.” The China Quarterly 218, 493513.
Yang Guobin. 2009. The Power of the Internet in China : Citizen Activism Online. New York: Columbia University Press.
Yi Damon, and Qin Amy. 2014. “Appointment at Chinese journalism school highlights growing Party role,” The New York Times, 24 August.
Yurchak Alexei. 2006. Everything Was Forever, Until It Was No More: The Last Soviet Generation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Zhao Yuezhi. 1998. Media, Market, and Democracy: Between the Party Line and the Bottom Line. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Zhao Yuezhi. 2008. Communication in China: Political Economy, Power, and Conflict. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littefield.
Zhong Xin, and Zhou Shuhua. 2006. Continuity and Change: Perspectives on Journalism and Communication Education. Beijing: Communication University of China Press.
Zhou He. 2000. “Working with a dying ideology: dissonance and its reduction in Chinese journalism.” Journalism Studies 1(4), 599616.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The China Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0305-7410
  • EISSN: 1468-2648
  • URL: /core/journals/china-quarterly
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 35
Total number of PDF views: 372 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1573 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 8th May 2017 - 21st February 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.