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  • Cited by 3
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fuhrmann, Christopher and Wilkerson, Jaren 2015. The Encyclopedia of Ancient History.

    D’Amico, Daniel J. 2010. The prison in economics: private and public incarceration in Ancient Greece. Public Choice, Vol. 145, Issue. 3-4, p. 461.

    Todd, S. C. 2005. Law, Theatre, Rhetoric and Democracy in Classical Athens. European Review of History: Revue européenne d'histoire, Vol. 12, Issue. 1, p. 63.


Imprisonment in Classical Athens*: I. IMPRISONMENT AS A PENALTY?

  • Danielle Allen (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 11 February 2009

Nineteenth–century scholars assumed that the Athenians as a community punished citizens with death, exile, atimia, and fines and used imprisonment only to hold those awaiting trial, those awaiting execution, and those unable to pay fines.1 As they saw it, brief imprisonment in the stocks occasionally supplemented these penalties, but always as additional penalty–never as a penalty on its own. Barkan saw in the use of imprisonment as an additional penalty the likelihood of general penal imprisonment and used evidence from the oratorical corpus to make an argument therefore.2 His argument seems to have been largely ignored–the nineteenth–century interpretation continuing dominant; and the issue, largely unexplored but for a few glancing references in recent scholarship.3 The issue remains, thus, sufficiently vexed to make worthwhile a restatement of the argument for the use of punitive imprisonment. Also, the evidence provides clues worth setting forth as to why and when punitive imprisonment developed. Indeed, these are sufficient to make an argument about the relevance of the development to Athenian political history. For the introduction of penal imprisonment in Athens proves an extremely important historical moment, marking as it does both the completion of a general will institutionalized (in a punishment of consumption of the wrong–doer within, rather than of expulsion from, the community) and a significant point in the establishment of isonomia.

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Translation from M. Gagarin and P. Woodruff , (edd., trans.) Early Greek Political Thought from Homer to the Sophists (Cambridge, 1995).

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The Classical Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0009-8388
  • EISSN: 1471-6844
  • URL: /core/journals/classical-quarterly
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