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A Note on Aristotle, De Anima, A. 3, 406b1–3

  • H. De Ley (a1)
Abstract

Ever since the first edition of the De anima by Trendelenburg, modern scholars have been in trouble as to the exact interpretation of this phrase and especially of the expression Although the right one, as we think, was suggested a long time ago by Shorey, a restatement of it seems justified, because the later treatment of the problem in the edition of Sir David Ross has apparently established a different (and, as we believe, a wrong) communis opinio.

The first detailed examination of the whole passage was given by Bonitz, who saw no other possibility of making the text render the required sense than to alter This is indeed ‘a rather improbable corruption’. It is also clear that such an emendation of a reading defended by the consensus of all our manuscripts should only be accepted if there really is no other way out.

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page 92 note 1 Shorey P., ‘Aristotle's De anima’, A.J.Ph. xxii (1901), 149–64 (on the edition and translation of G. Rodier, Paris, 1900).

page 92 note 2 Ross D. (Oxford, 1961), 187–8, who does not formulate, however, any explicit objection against Shorey.

page 92 note 3 Cf. the translation of Smith J. A., Oxf. Transl., vol. iii: ‘Hence it would follow that the soul too must in accordance with the body change either its place as a whole or the relative places of its parts’; Siwek P. (Roma, 1965), 69:omnino ac corpus locum mutabit; and Jannone A.-Barbotin E. (Budé, Paris, 1966), 13 : ‘changement de la même manière que le corps’. Cf. Rodier's ‘comme le corps’. Only Gigon O., Arist. vom Himmel, von der Seek, uon der Dichtkunst (Zürich, 1950), 269, translates it by ‘innerhalb des Leibes’.

page 92 note 4 Bonitz H., ‘ZurErklärungeiniger Stellen aus Aristoteles Schrift über die Seele,’ Hermes, vii (1873), 422–8.His arguments are fully stated and discussed in the edition of Hicks R. D. (London, 1907), 246–9.

page 92 note 5 Bonitz, op. cit., 424 (he appeals to the texts of Philoponus and Themistius, but see Hicks, 248). This emendation was recently adopted again in the translation of Theiler W. (Berlin, 1966), 13. 9 (‘örtlich’).

page 92 note 6 Ross, 187. The words inline-graphic appear also in the text quoted by Simpl., p. 37. 3.

page 92 note 7 Bonitz, op. cit., 423–4. We shall quote his objections in the rewording of Hicks, 247 (for Hicks's own propositions, see Ross, 187).

page 92 note 8 So Simpl., p. 37. 4: inline-graphicinline-graphic (Philop., p. 106. 19–21, says the same thing, but without quoting the words of Aristotle).

page 92 note 9 Hicks, 247.

page 93 note 1 406a4–10.

page 93 note 2 Stating, e.g.. that if the soul does move by its essence and not per accidens, it must have a place inline-graphic : 406a14–22.

page 93 note 3 406b3–5.

page 93 note 4 Bonitz's emendation too belongs with this interpretation, for it tries to make Aristotle express more explicitly the same idea.

page 93 note 5 This is actually presented as a new point of view in 406b15 ff.

page 93 note 6 See LSJ, s.v., B. 1. 2: ‘with or without signf. of motion, on, over, throughout a space’.

page 93 note 7 See Bonitz, op. cit., 423.

page 93 note 8 Bonitz, loc. cit., already admitted: ‘Es legt nahe, die in inline-graphic allein nicht zu findende Beschränkung auf die räumliche Veränderung in den Worten inline-graphic zu suchen’, but as he only understood it as meaning ‘dem Leibe entsprechend’, he had to reject this.

page 93 note 9 Shorey, op. cit., 152: ‘In spite of the Greek commentators may this not mean “within the body” rather than “comme le corps”?’

page 93 note 10 Though Shorey does not express an opinion on this point (his quoting of the phrase only up to and including inline-graphic rather suggests the contrary), Ross, influenced probably by Bonitz's note, writes, p. 187 : ‘Shorey keeps inline-graphic connecting it with inline-graphic rather than with inline-graphicinline-graphic

page 93 note 11 Bonitz, op. cit., 424.

page 94 note 1 Vorsokr. 22 B 67 a; Epid. 6. 5. 5 (Littré, v. 316). See Deichgräber K., Die Epidemien und das C.H., 54 and 61;Pohlenz M., Hippokratesstudien [N.A.G., 1937, 1. 2, 4], 86–7 = Kl. Schriften, ii. 194 f., who refers to the Morb. Sacr., ‘wo die eingeatmete Luft, die Trägerin des Seelischen, ständig durch den ganzen Leib zirkuliert (c. 4)’. Compare also Vict. 6 § 3: inline-graphicinline-graphic

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