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  • Cited by 6
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Baldwin, Barry 2014. A Companion to the Ancient Novel.

    Cebula, Thomas A. Fricke, W. Florian and Ravel, Jacques 2011. Microbial Forensics.

    Reuben, Adrian 2003. The last gasp or Caveat cenans!. Hepatology, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 273.

    Valente, William A Talbert, Richard J.A Hallett, Judith P and Mackowiak, Philip A 2002. Caveat cenans!***Banqueter beware!. The American Journal of Medicine, Vol. 112, Issue. 5, p. 392.

    Horstmanshoff, Manfred 1999. Ancient medicine between hope and fear: Medicament, magic and poison in the Roman Empire. European Review, Vol. 7, Issue. 01, p. 37.

    Lascaratos, John G. and Marketos, Spyros G. 1998. The Carbon Monoxide Poisoning of Two Byzantine Emperors. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology, Vol. 36, Issue. 1-2, p. 103.


On the Mushroom that Deified the Emperor Claudius

  • Veronika Grimm-Samuel (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2009

From Pliny the Elder, who was his contemporary, to the present, the unhappy ending of the fourth Julio-Claudian emperor's life is often and uncritically retold. Thus Agrippina's poisoned mushrooms have become proverbial through the writings of Pliny, Juvenal and others. Historical evidence surrounding the circumstances of his death is, however, vague, contradictory, and open to alternative explanations. In the present note I shall argue for the simplest of these: that the emperor Claudius died after having ingested – either through criminal intent, or by sheer accident – the most W poisonous of mushrooms, Amanita phalloides or Death Cap.

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W. Litten , ‘The Most Poisonous Mushrooms’, Scientific American 232 (1975), 90101

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The Classical Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0009-8388
  • EISSN: 1471-6844
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