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Spartan Relations with Persia after The King'S Peace: A Strange Story in Diodorus 15.9 1

  • T. T. B. Ryder (a1)
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Glos, who had been in command of the fleet and was married to the daughter of Tiribazus, fearful that it might be thought that he had cooperated with Tiribazus in his plan and that he would be punished by the King, resolved to safeguard his position by a new project of action. Since he was well supplied with money and soldiers and had furthermore won the commanders of the triremes to himself by acts of kindness, he resolved to revolt from the King.

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page 105 note 2 Translated by Oldfather C. H. (Loeb Classical Library, 1954).

page 105 note 3 Mentioned by Judeich , Kleinasiatische Studien (Marburg, 1892), pp. 190 and 264; Beloch , Griechische Geschichte III. i. 99; Swoboda , R.-E. s.v. Glos (2), col. 1432; Hill , History of Cyprus i. 139. Beloch is the exception; his comments are discussed later in the article.

page 105 note 4 III. ii. 226 ff.; Judeich , locc. citt., while admitting that the Cypriot War went on until 380, keeps Diodorus' date (384) and has to make Glos' rising follow a temporary cessation of hostilities, which broke out again after his death.

page 106 note 1 Cf. Barber G. L., The Historian Ephorus (Cambridge, 1935), p. 39.

page 106 note 2 On Diodorus' method, cf. Schwartz , R.-E. s.v. Ephoros, col. 10; also Hammond , C.Q. xxxi (1937), 84, and Gomme , A Historical Commentary on Thucydides (Oxford, 1945), i. 52.

page 106 note 3 III. i. 99.

page 106 note 4 Xenophon , Hellenica 5. 4. 2534.

page 106 note 5 Id., Agesilaus I. 36; Plutarch , Agesilaus 15. 1.

page 107 note 1 Xenophon , Hellenica 5. 3. 27; Diodorus 15. 23. 35.

page 107 note 2 Xenophon , Hellenica 5. 2. 7 (Mantinea), 5. 2. 3236 (Thebes), 5. 3. 10–13 (Phlius), 5. 3. 18–19 (Olynthus); cf. Isocrates ' summary in Panegyricus 126.

page 107 note 3 Xenophon , Hellenica 5. 3. 2125.

page 107 note 4 ibid. 5. 3. 26, cf. 2. 2. 20.

page 107 note 5 Cf. Smith R. E., ‘The Opposition to Agesilaus' Foreign Policy’ (Historia ii [19531954], 274), whose silence on the settlements with Phlius and Olynthus (see p. 280) suggests that he does not connect them with the opposition.

page 108 note 1 15. 20. 2; cf. Plutarch , Agesilaus 23. 3.

page 108 note 2 Cf. Hudson-Williams H. Ll., ‘Isocrates and Recitations’, C.Q. xliii (1949), 65 ff.

page 108 note 3 For the anti-Spartan purpose cf. esp. lines 9–11 of Aristoteles' Decree (I.G. ii 2. 43 = Tod no. 123); for its popularity, cf. the list of allies in lines 79 ff.

page 108 note 4 Athenian reluctance, Xenophon , Hellenica 5. 4. 19; final decision, 5. 4. 34.

page 108 note 5 ibid. 1. 3. 1–2.

page 108 note 6 ibid. 3. 4. 4 (cf. Plutarch , Agesilaus 6. 6).

page 108 note 7 Xenophon , Hellenica 3. 5. 5.

page 108 note 8 ibid. 5. 1. 32–33 (cf. Plutarch , Agesilaus 23. 3).

page 108 note 9 Xenophon , Hellenica 5. 2. 32 (cf. Plutarch , Agesilaus 23. 4).

page 108 note 10 Xenophon , Hellenica 6. 3. 1920 (cf. Plutarch , Agesilaus 28).

page 109 note 1 Cf. Diodorus 14. 110. 4 and 15. 19. 4, and Lysias' Olympic Oration (actually delivered at Olympia), which, in the view of the present author, belongs to 384.

page 109 note 2 I.G. ii 2. 43 (= Tod no. 123), lines 17–18.

page 109 note 3 Diodorus 15. 18. 1.

1 I should like gratefully to acknowledge the advice and assistance of Mr. G. T. Grif fith in the preparation of this article; he should not be taken as necessarily agreeing with its conclusions.

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The Classical Quarterly
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