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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Nakagawa, Tatsuo Hyodo, Akihiko Kogo, Kenji Kurata, Hideaki Osada, Kenichi and Oho, Shigeru 2013. Contactless Liquid-Level Measurement With Frequency-Modulated Millimeter Wave Through Opaque Container. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 13, Issue. 3, p. 926.

    Nakagawa, Tatsuo Hyodo, Akihiko Osada, Kenichi Kurata, Hideaki and Oho, Shigeru 2011. 2011 IEEE SENSORS Proceedings. p. 1421.


Violets and violence: two notes

  • Howard Jacobson (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2009

Servius was surely not the first to show discomfort with Vergil's choice of the word violaverit. Observing that the simile in lines 67–8 derives from Homer (Il. 4.141), he seems to be apologizing for Vergil when he explains that the poet's violaverit translates Homer's νι⋯νη. And discomfort there should be. The notion of ‘tainting, spoiling, damaging, defiling’ that violare should carry seems out of place both for the ivory-image and for the picture of the beautiful girl. Modern commentators have been no less troubled than Servius. Unwilling, however, to see Vergil as blindly enslaved to Homer, they have offered another explanation: violare here is tied to the violentia of her lover Turnus. ‘Vergil connects the violentia of Turnus with the staining of the ivory in the simile used to describe Lavinia's blush.’ should like to add a third explanation for Vergil's choice of violare.

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The Classical Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0009-8388
  • EISSN: 1471-6844
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