1.Weiss, EP, Fontana, L. Caloric restriction: powerful protection for the aging heart and vasculature. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011; 301(4):H1205–19.
2.Colman, RJ, Anderson, RM. Nonhuman primate calorie restriction. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011; 14(2): 229–239.
3.Kemnitz, JW. Calorie restriction and aging in nonhuman primates. ILAR J. 2011; 52(1): 66–77.
4.Lee, S-H, Min, K-J. Caloric restriction and its mimetics. BMB Rep. 2013; 46(4): 181–187.
5.Marchal, J, Dal-Pan, A, Epelbaum, J, et al. Calorie restriction and resveratrol supplementation prevent age-related DNA and RNA oxidative damage in a non-human primate. Exp Gerontol. 2013; 48(9): 992–1000.
6.Mendelsohn, AR, Larrick, JW. Dietary restriction: critical co-factors to separate health span from life span benefits. Rejuv Res. 2012; 15(5): 523–529.
7.Zhao, G, Guo, S, Somel, M, Khaitovich, P. Evolution of human longevity uncoupled from caloric restriction mechanisms. PLoS One. 2014; 9(1): e84117.
8.McCay, CM, Crowell, MF, Maynard, LA. The effect of retarded growth upon the length of life span and upon the ultimate body size. 1935. Nutrition. 1989; 5(3): 155–171; discussion 172.
9.Bodkin, NL, Alexander, TM, Ortmeyer, HK, Johnson, E, Hansen, BC. Mortality and morbidity in laboratory-maintained Rhesus monkeys and effects of long-term dietary restriction. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2003; 58(3): 212–219.
10.Lane, MA, Baer, DJ, Tilmont, EM, et al. Energy balance in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) subjected to long-term dietary restriction. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1995; 50(5): B295–302.
11.Heilbronn, LK, Ravussin, E. Calorie restriction and aging: review of the literature and implications for studies in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003; 78(3): 361–369.
12.Heilbronn, LK, de Jonge, L, Frisard, MI, et al. Effect of 6-month calorie restriction on biomarkers of longevity, metabolic adaptation, and oxidative stress in overweight individuals: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2006; 295(13): 1539–1548.
13.Krikorian, R, Shidler, MD, Dangelo, K, Couch, SC, Benoit, SC, Clegg, DJ. Dietary ketosis enhances memory in mild cognitive impairment. Neurobiol Aging. 2012; 33(2): 425.e19–27.
14.Akbari, E, Asemi, Z, Daneshvar Kakhaki, R, et al. Effect of probiotic supplementation on cognitive function and metabolic status in Alzheimer’s disease: a randomized, double-blind and controlled trial. Front Aging Neurosci. 2016; 8: 256.
15.Rickman, AD, Williamson, DA, Martin, CK, et al. The CALERIE Study: design and methods of an innovative 25% caloric restriction intervention. Contemp Clin Trials. 2011; 32(6): 874–881.
16.Civitarese, AE, Carling, S, Heilbronn, LK, et al. Calorie restriction increases muscle mitochondrial biogenesis in healthy humans. PLoS Med. 2007; 4(3): e76.
17.Fontana, L, Villareal, DT, Weiss, EP, et al. Calorie restriction or exercise: effects on coronary heart disease risk factors. A randomized, controlled trial. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2007; 293(1): E197–202.
18.Allard, JS, Heilbronn, LK, Smith, C, et al. In vitro cellular adaptations of indicators of longevity in response to treatment with serum collected from humans on calorie restricted diets. PLoS One. 2008; 3(9): e3211.
19.Das, SK, Balasubramanian, P, Weerasekara, YK. Nutrition modulation of human aging: the calorie restriction paradigm. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2017; 455: 148–157.
20.Ravussin, E, Redman, LM, Rochon, J, et al. A 2-year randomized controlled trial of human caloric restriction: feasibility and effects on predictors of health span and longevity. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015; 70(9): 1097–1104.
21.Kemps, E, Tiggemann, M. Working memory performance and preoccupying thoughts in female dieters: evidence for a selective central executive impairment. Br J Clin Psychol. 2005; 44(Pt 3): 357–366.
22.Green, MW, Rogers, PJ. Impairments in working memory associated with spontaneous dieting behaviour. Psychol Med. 1998; 28(5): 1063–1070.
23.Green, MW, Elliman, NA, Rogers, PJ. Lack of effect of short-term fasting on cognitive function. J Psychiatr Res. 1995; 29(3): 245–253.
24.Bryan, J, Tiggemann, M. The effect of weight-loss dieting on cognitive performance and psychological well-being in overweight women. Appetite. 2001; 36(2): 147–156.
25.Kemps, E, Tiggemann, M, Marshall, K. Relationship between dieting to lose weight and the functioning of the central executive. Appetite. 2005; 45(3): 287–294.
26.Brozek, J. Bibliographical note on behavioral aspects: on the margin of the 50th anniversary of the Minnesota Starvation-Nutritional Rehabilitation experiment. Percept Mot Skills. 1995; 81(2): 395–400.
27.Redman, LM, Ravussin, E. Caloric restriction in humans: impact on physiological, psychological, and behavioral outcomes. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011; 14(2): 275–287.
28.Martin, CK, Anton, SD, Han, H, et al. Examination of cognitive function during six months of calorie restriction: results of a randomized controlled trial. Rejuv Res. 2007; 10(2): 179–190.
29.Wild, K, Howieson, D, Webbe, F, Seelye, A, Kaye, J. Status of computerized cognitive testing in aging: a systematic review. Alzheimers Dement. 2008; 4(6): 428–437.
30.Robbins, TW, James, M, Owen, AM, Sahakian, BJ, McInnes, L, Rabbitt, P. Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB): a factor analytic study of a large sample of normal elderly volunteers. Dementia. 1994; 5(5): 266–281.
31.Buysse, DJ, Reynolds, CF 3rd, Monk, TH, Berman, SR, Kupfer, DJ. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989; 28(2): 193–213.
32.Norcross, JC, Guadagnoli, E, Prochaska, JO. Factor structure of the Profile of Mood States (POMS): two partial replications. J Clin Psychol. 1984; 40(5): 1270–1277.
33.Nielsen, MG, Ornbol, E, Vestergaard, M, et al. The construct validity of the Perceived Stress Scale. J Psychosom Res. 2016; 84: 22–30.
34.Kishi, T, Hirooka, Y, Nagayama, T, et al. Calorie restriction improves cognitive decline via up-regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor: tropomyosin-related kinase B in hippocampus of obesity-induced hypertensive rats. Int Heart J. 2015; 56(1): 110–115.
35.Xu, B-L, Wang, R, Ma, L-N, et al. Effects of caloric intake on learning and memory function in juvenile C57BL/6J mice. Biomed Res Int. 2015; 2015(Article ID 759803): 1–7.
36.Kuhla, A, Lange, S, Holzmann, C, et al. Lifelong caloric restriction increases working memory in mice. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7): e68778.
37.Pitsikas, N, Algeri, S. Deterioration of spatial and nonspatial reference and working memory in aged rats: protective effect of life-long calorie restriction. Neurobiol Aging. 1992; 13(3): 369–373.
38.Gillette-Guyonnet, S, Vellas, B. Caloric restriction and brain function. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2008; 11(6): 686–692.
39.Witte, AV, Fobker, M, Gellner, R, Knecht, S, Flöel, A. Caloric restriction improves memory in elderly humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009; 106(4): 1255–1260.
40.Rochon, J, Bales, CW, Ravussin, E, et al. Design and conduct of the CALERIE study: comprehensive assessment of the long-term effects of reducing intake of energy. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011; 66(1): 97–108.
41.O’Brien, PD, Hinder, LM, Callaghan, BC, Feldman, EL. Neurological consequences of obesity. Lancet Neurol. 2017; 16(6): 465–477.
42.Reichelt, AC, Stoeckel, LE, Reagan, LP, Winstanley, CA, Page, KA. Dietary influences on cognition. Physiol Behav. 2018; 192: 118–126.
43.Fusco, S, Pani, G. Brain response to calorie restriction. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2013; 70(17): 3157–3170.
44.Pani, G. Neuroprotective effects of dietary restriction: evidence and mechanisms. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2015; 40: 106–114.
45.Kishi, T, Sunagawa, K. Exercise training plus calorie restriction causes synergistic protection against cognitive decline via up-regulation of BDNF in hippocampus of stroke-prone hypertensive rats. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012: 6764–6767.
46.Gómez-Pinilla, F. The effects of nutrients on brain function. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008; 9: 568–578.
47.Youngman, LD, Park, JY, Ames, BN. Protein oxidation associated with aging is reduced by dietary restriction of protein or calories. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992; 89(19): 9112–9116.
48.Lindseth, GN, Lindseth, PD, Jensen, WC, Petros, TV, Helland, BD, Fossum, DL. Dietary effects on cognition and pilots’ flight performance. Int J Aviat Psychol. 2011; 21(3): 269–282.
49.Koh, F, Charlton, K, Walton, K, McMahon, AT. Role of dietary protein and thiamine intakes on cognitive function in healthy older people: a systematic review. Nutrients. 2015; 7: 2415–2439.