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Potential Markers for Problematic Internet Use: A Telephone Survey of 2,513 Adults

ABSTRACT<span class='bold'>Objective</span>:

The Internet has positively altered many aspects of life. However, for a subset of users, the medium may have become a consuming problem that exhibits features of impulse control disorders recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition.

<span class='bold'>Method</span>:

This is the first large-scale epidemiological study of problematic Internet use through a random-digit-dial telephone survey of 2,513 adults in the United States. Given the lack of validated criteria, survey questions were extrapolated from established diagnostic criteria for impulse control disorders, obsessivecompulsive disorder, and substance abuse. Four possible diagnostic criteria sets were generated.The least restrictive set required the respondent to report an unsuccessful effort to reduce Internet use or a history of remaining online longer than intended, Internet use interfering with relationships, and a preoccupation with Internet use when offline.

<span class='bold'>Results</span>:

The response rate was 56.3%. Interviews averaged 11.3 minutes in duration. From 3.7% to 13% of respondents endorsed ≥1 markers consistent with problematic Internet use. The least restrictive proposed diagnostic criteria set yielded a prevalence of problematic Internet use of 0.7%.

<span class='bold'>Conclusion</span>:

Potential markers of problematic Internet use seem present in a sizeable proportion of adults. Future studies should delineate whether problematic Internet use constitutes a pathological behavior that meets criteria for an independent disorder, or represents a symptom of other psychopathologies.

Corresponding author
Please direct all correspondence to; Elias Aboujaoude, MD, MA, Stanford University School of Medicine, Impulse Control Disorders Clinic, Room 2363, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305; Tel: 650-498-5035, Fax: 650-714-3144.
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CNS Spectrums
  • ISSN: 1092-8529
  • EISSN: 2165-6509
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