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Independent Transversals and Independent Coverings in Sparse Partite Graphs

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 1997

Department of Mathematics, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel


An [n, k, r]-partite graph is a graph whose vertex set, V, can be partitioned into n pairwise-disjoint independent sets, V1, …, Vn, each containing exactly k vertices, and the subgraph induced by ViVj contains exactly r independent edges, for 1 [les ] i < j [les ] n. An independent transversal in an [n, k, r]-partite graph is an independent set, T, consisting of n vertices, one from each Vi. An independent covering is a set of k pairwise-disjoint independent transversals. Let t(k, r) denote the maximal n for which every [n, k, r]-partite graph contains an independent transversal. Let c(k, r) be the maximal n for which every [n, k, r]-partite graph contains an independent covering. We give upper and lower bounds for these parameters. Furthermore, our bounds are constructive. These results improve and generalize previous results of Erdo″s, Gyárfás and Łuczak [5], for the case of graphs.

Research Article
1997 Cambridge University Press

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