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On the Cover Time for Random Walks on Random Graphs

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 September 1998

Chalmers University of Technology, S-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden, (e-mail:


The cover time, C, for a simple random walk on a realization, GN, of [Gscr ](N, p), the random graph on N vertices where each two vertices have an edge between them with probability p independently, is studied. The parameter p is allowed to decrease with N and p is written on the form f(N)/N, where it is assumed that f(N)[ges ]c log N for some c>1 to asymptotically ensure connectedness of the graph. It is shown that if f(N) is of higher order than log N, then, with probability 1−o(1), (1−ε)N log N[les ]E[C[mid ]GN] [les ](1+ε)N log N for any fixed ε>0, whereas if f(N)=O(log N), there exists a constant a>0 such that, with probability 1−o(1), E[C[mid ]GN] [ges ](1+a)N log N. It is furthermore shown that if f(N) is of higher order than (log N)3 then Var(C[mid ]GN)= o((N log N)2) with probability 1−o(1), so that with probability 1−o(1), the stronger statement that (1−ε)N log N[les ]C[les ](1+ε)N log N holds.

Research Article
1998 Cambridge University Press

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