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The Size of the Giant Component of a Random Graph with a Given Degree Sequence

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 September 1998

Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (e-mail:
Equipe Combinatoire, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France (e-mail:


Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers λ0, λ1, … that sum to 1, we consider a random graph having approximately λin vertices of degree i. In [12] the authors essentially show that if [sum ]i(i−2)λi>0 then the graph a.s. has a giant component, while if [sum ]i(i−2)λi<0 then a.s. all components in the graph are small. In this paper we analyse the size of the giant component in the former case, and the structure of the graph formed by deleting that component. We determine ε, λ′0, λ′1 … such that a.s. the giant component, C, has εn+o(n) vertices, and the structure of the graph remaining after deleting C is basically that of a random graph with n′=n−[mid ]C[mid ] vertices, and with λ′in′ of them of degree i.

Research Article
1998 Cambridge University Press

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