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Fast String Matching in Stationary Ergodic Sources

  • John Shawe-Taylor (a1)

A connection is made between the theory of ergodicity and the expected complexity of string searching. In particular, a substring search algorithm is introduced which, when applied to searching in text that has been produced by an appropriate stationary ergodic source, has an expected running time of O((N/m + m)logm), for a text string of length N and search string of length m. Similar expected complexity results have been obtained before, but the analysis is performed in a significantly more general framework, which models with greater accuracy the statistics of many types of strings, including natural language. The analysis also sheds light on the performance of the Boyer-Moore algorithm and the Sunday algorithm when applied to natural language.

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[1] D. E. Knuth , J. H. Morris and V. R. Pratt (1977) Fast pattern matching in strings. SIAM. J. Comput. 6 323350.

[2] G. V. Smit (1982) A comparison of three string matching algorithms. Software - Practice & Experience 12 5766.

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[4] R. S. Boyer and J. S. Moore (1977) A fast string searching algorithm. Comm. ACM 20 762772.

[5] L. J. Guibas and A. M. Odlyzko (1980) A new proof of the linearity of the Boyer-Moore string searching algorithm. SIAM J. Comput. 9 672682.

[6] R. A. Baeza-Yates (1989) String searching algorithms revisited. Proc. Workshop in Algorithms and Data Structures. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 382, pp. 7596. Springer-Verlag.

[8] R. Schaback (1988) On the expected sublinearity of the Boyer-Moore algorithm. SIAM J. Comput. 17 648658.

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[11] J. Y. Kim and J. S. Shawe-Taylor (1994) Fast expected string matching using an n-gram algorithm. Software - Practice & Experience 24 7988.

[14] A. J. Thomasian (1960) An elementary proof of the AEP of information theory. Ann. Math. Statist. 31 452456.

[15] J. Y. Kim and J. S. Shawe-Taylor (1992) An approximate string matching algorithm. Theor. Comput. Sci. 92 107117.

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Combinatorics, Probability and Computing
  • ISSN: 0963-5483
  • EISSN: 1469-2163
  • URL: /core/journals/combinatorics-probability-and-computing
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