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Sharp bounds for decomposing graphs into edges and triangles

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 October 2020

Adam Blumenthal
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Westminster College, New Wilmington, PA, USA
Bernard Lidický
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Yanitsa Pehova
Affiliation:
Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Florian Pfender
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Colorado Denver, CO 80217, USA
Oleg Pikhurko
Affiliation:
Mathematics Institute and DIMAP, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Jan Volec
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Trojanova 13, 120 00 Prague, Czech Republic
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

For a real constant α, let $\pi _3^\alpha (G)$ be the minimum of twice the number of K2’s plus α times the number of K3’s over all edge decompositions of G into copies of K2 and K3, where Kr denotes the complete graph on r vertices. Let $\pi _3^\alpha (n)$ be the maximum of $\pi _3^\alpha (G)$ over all graphs G with n vertices.

The extremal function $\pi _3^3(n)$ was first studied by Győri and Tuza (Studia Sci. Math. Hungar. 22 (1987) 315–320). In recent progress on this problem, Král’, Lidický, Martins and Pehova (Combin. Probab. Comput. 28 (2019) 465–472) proved via flag algebras that$\pi _3^3(n) \le (1/2 + o(1)){n^2}$. We extend their result by determining the exact value of $\pi _3^\alpha (n)$ and the set of extremal graphs for all α and sufficiently large n. In particular, we show for α = 3 that Kn and the complete bipartite graph ${K_{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor,\lceil n/2 \rceil }}$ are the only possible extremal examples for large n.

Type
Paper
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BY
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright
© The Author(s) (2020)

Footnotes

Research supported in part by NSF grants DMS-1600390 and DMS-1855653.

Supported by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement 648509). This publication reflects only its authors’ view; the European Research Council Executive Agency is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

§

Research supported in part by NSF grants DMS-1600483 and DMS-1855622.

Supported by ERC grant 306493 and EPSRC grant EP/K012045/1 and by Leverhulme research project grant RPG-2018-424.

ǁ

Previous affiliation: Faculty of Informatics, Masaryk University, Botanická 68A, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement 800607. This publication reflects only its authors’ view; the European Research Council Executive Agency is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

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