Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Sugimoto, Miki Kuwano, Atsutoshi Ikeda, Shuntaro Kume, Shin-ichi Yoshihara, Eiru and Wada, Shinya 2012. Investigation of hydration processes of the equine hoof via nuclear magnetic resonance microscopy. American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol. 73, Issue. 11, p. 1775.


    ×

Regional variation in the flexural properties of the equine hoof wall

  • A M Goodman (a1) and L Haggis (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1478061509356157
  • Published online: 01 November 2008
Abstract
Abstract

The equine hoof wall is a hard, keratinous structure that transmits forces generated when the hoof connects the ground to the skeleton of the horse. During locomotion the hoof capsule is known to deform, resulting in an inward curvature of the dorsal wall and expansion of the heels. However, while researchers have studied the tensile and compressive properties, there is a lack of data on the flexural properties of the hoof wall in different locations around the hoof capsule. In this study, the flexural properties and hydration status of the hoof wall were investigated in two orthogonal directions, in different locations around the hoof capsule. The hoof was divided into three regions: the dorsal-most aspect (toe), the medial and lateral regions (quarters) and the heels caudally. Beams were cut both perpendicular (transverse) and parallel (longitudinal) to the orientation of the tubules. Differences in the mechanical properties were then investigated using three-point bending tests. There were considerable differences in the flexural properties around the hoof capsule; transverse beams from the heel were 45% more compliant than those from the toe region. This corresponded with changes in the hydration of the hoof wall; beams from the heel region were more hydrated (28.2 ± 0.60%) than those from the toe (24.2 ± 0.44%; P < 0.01). Regional variation in the water content is thought to help explain differences in the flexural properties. Mechanical data are further discussed in relation to variation in the structure and loading of the hoof wall.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: agoodman@lincoln.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

4P Dyhre-Poulsen , HH Smedegaard , J Roed and E Korsgaard (1994). Equine hoof function investigated by pressure transducers inside the hoof and accelerometers mounted on the first phalanx. Equine Veterinary Journal 26: 362366.

5A Lungwitz (1891). The changes in the form of the horse's hoof under the action of bodyweight. Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics 4: 191211.

10A Kitchener and JFV Vincent (1987). Composite theory and the effect of water on the stiffness of horn keratin. Journal of Material Science 22: 13851389.

13SN Collins , BC Cope , L Hopegood , RJ Latham , RG Linford and JD Reilly (1998). Stiffness as a function of moisture content in natural materials: characterisation of hoof horn samples. Journal of Materials Science 33: 51855191.

14RHC Bonser and JW Farrent (2001). Influence of hydration on the mechanical performance of duck down feathers. British Poultry Science 42: 271273.

16IP Wagner and DM Hood (2002). Effect of prolonged water immersion on equine hoof epidermis in vitro. American Journal of Veterinary Research 63: 11401144.

17IP Wagner , DM Hood and HA Hogan (2001). Comparison of bending modulus and yield strength between outer stratum medium and stratum medium zona alba in equine hooves. American Journal of Veterinary Research 62: 745751.

23LM Dejardin , SP Arnoczky and GL Cloud (1999). A method for determination of equine hoof strain patterns using photoelasticity: an in vitro study. Equine Veterinary Journal 31: 232237.

24WG Crewther , LM Dowling , PM Steinert and DAD Parry (1983). Structure of intermediate filaments. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 5: 267274.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Comparative Exercise Physiology
  • ISSN: 1755-2540
  • EISSN: 1755-2559
  • URL: /core/journals/comparative-exercise-physiology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: