Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Republic of Senegal Disaster Preparedness and Response Exercise: Lessons Learned and Progress Toward Key Goals

  • Melinda J. Morton Hamer (a1) (a2) (a3), John J. Jordan (a1), Paul L. Reed (a1), Jane D. Greulich (a1), Dame B. Gaye (a4) and Charles W. Beadling (a1)...
Abstract
Objective

The Republic of Senegal Disaster Preparedness and Response Exercise was held from June 2-6, 2014, in Dakar, Senegal. The goal was to assist in familiarizing roles and responsibilities within 3 existing plans and to update the National Disaster Management Strategic Work Plan.

Methods

There were 60 participants in the exercise, which was driven by a series of evolving disaster scenarios. During the separate Disaster Management Strategic Work Plan review, participants refined a list of projects, including specific tasks to provide a “road map” for completing each project, project timelines, and estimated resource requirements. Project staff administered a survey to conference participants.

Results

A total of 86% of respondents had improved knowledge of Senegal disaster plans as a result of the exercise. A total of 89% of respondents had a better understanding of their ministry’s role in disaster response, and 92% had a better understanding of the role of the military during a pandemic. Participants also generated ideas for disaster management system improvement in Senegal through a formal “gap analysis.”

Conclusions

Participants were in strong agreement that the exercise helped them to better understand the contents of their disaster response plans, build relationships across ministerial lines, and effectively enhance future disaster response efforts. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;11:183–189)

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence and reprint requests to Melinda J. Morton Hamer, MD, MPH, Major, US Army, Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 East Monument Street, Ste 600, Baltimore, MD 21287 (e-mail: mmorton@jhmi.edu).
References
Hide All
1. Aliyu, A. Management of disasters and complex emergencies in Africa: the challenges and constraints. Ann Afr Med. 2015;14(3):123-131.
2. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. http://www.preventionweb.net/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf. Accessed December 5, 2015.
3. World Health Organization Emergency Response Framework. World Health Organization. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/89529/1/9789241504973_eng.pdf?ua=1. Published 2013. Accessed November 20, 2015.
4. Africa: Disaster Preparedness “Woefully Inadequate.” IRIN News. http://www.irinnews.org/report/84253/africa-disaster-preparedness-woefully-inadequate. Published May 6, 2009. Accessed January 24, 2016.
5. Heymann, DL, Chen, L, Takemi, K, et al. Global health security: the wider lessons from the West African Ebola virus disease epidemic. Lancet. 2015;385(9980):1884-1901. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60858-3.
6. Cranmer, H, Aschkenasy, M, Wildes, R, et al. Academic institutions’ critical guidelines for health care workers who deploy to West Africa for the Ebola Response and future crises. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2015;9(5):586-590. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2015.79.
7. United States Africa Command Disaster Preparedness Program. http://usafricom-dpp.cdham.org. Accessed December 27, 2015.
8. Disaster Preparedness Program (DPP). Center for Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine (CDHAM). http://www.cdham.org/disaster-preparedness-program-dpp. Accessed January 27, 2016.
9. Morton, MJ, Burnham, GM. Dilemmas and controversies within civilian and military organizations in the execution of humanitarian aid in Iraq: a review. Am J Disaster Med. 2010;5(6):385-391.
10. Waugh, WL, Streib, G. Collaboration and leadership for effective emergency management. Public Adm Rev. 2006;66(suppl s1):131-140. 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2006.00673.x.
11. Hansel, TC, Osofsky, JH, Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J, et al. Gulf Coast Resilience Coalition: an evolved collaborative built on shared disaster experiences, response, and future preparedness. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2015;9(6):657-665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2015.118.
12. Morton, MJ, Lurie, N. Community resilience and public health practice. Am J Public Health . 2013;103(7):1158-1160. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301354.
13. Castleden, M, McKee, M, Murray, V, et al. Resilience thinking in health protection. J Public Health (Oxf). 2011;33(3):369-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdr027.
14. Plough, A, Fielding, JE, Chandra, A, et al. Building community disaster resilience: perspectives from a large urban county department of public health. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(7):1190-1197. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301268.
15. World Health Organization. The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Senegal is now over. 17 October 2014. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/ebola/17-october-2014/en/. Published October 17, 2014. Accessed December 27, 2015.
16. Walsh, L, Craddock, H, Gulley, K, et al. Building health care system capacity: training health care professionals in disaster preparedness health care coalitions. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015;30(2):123-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X14001460.
17. Allen, KM. Community-based disaster preparedness and climate adaptation: local capacity-building in the Philippines. Disasters. 2006;30(1):81-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2006.00308.x.
18. Building Capacity in Disaster Risk Management: Red Cross Red Crescent lessons learned in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. http://www.ifrc.org/Global/Publications/disasters/reducing_risks/201300-North-Korea-Case-Study.pdf. Published 2010. Accessed January 28, 2016.
19. Capacity development for disaster risk reduction. United Nations Development Program, Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery. http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/crisis%20prevention/disaster/5Disaster%20Risk%20Reduction%20-%20Capacity%20Development.pdf. Published October 2010. Accessed January 28, 2016.
20. World Food Programme capacity building support to Disaster Preparedness and Response in the Philippines. World Food Programme. http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/resources/wfp255204.pdf. Accessed January 28, 2016.
21. Basics of Capacity Development for Disaster Risk Reduction. Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative. http://www.rootchange.org/about_us/resources/publications/CADRI_brochure%20final.pdf. Accessed January 27, 2016.
22. Training and capacity building. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe website. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/emergencies/disaster-preparedness-and-response/activities/training-and-capacity-building. Accessed January 27, 2016.
23. WHO/Europe conducts international courses on public health and emergency management in Serbia and Turkey. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe website. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/emergencies/disaster-preparedness-and-response/news/news/2015/04/whoeurope-conducts-international-courses-on-public-health-and-emergency-management-in-serbia-and-turkey. Published April 15, 2015. Accessed January 27, 2016.
24. Second Training of Trainers course in Public Health and Emergency Management (PHEM) in Azerbaijan was held on 9-11 October 2012 in Baku. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe website. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/emergencies/disaster-preparedness-and-response/news/news/2012/10/second-training-of-trainers-course-in-public-health-and-emergency-management-phem-in-azerbaijan-was-held-on-911-october-2012-in-baku. Published October 29, 2012. Accessed January 27, 2016.
25. Developing Emergency Preparedness and Response Capacities. World Food Programme. https://www.wfp.org/sites/default/files/WFP-LAC_DEPR_May%202014.pdf. Accessed January 27, 2016.
26. Licina, D. Disaster preparedness – formalizing a comparative advantage for the Department of Defense in U.S. global health and foreign policy. Mil Med. 2011;176(11):1207-1211. http://dx.doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-11-00123.
27. Toward a Safer World: Practical Approaches to Advance Disaster Preparedness. Multisectoral Whole of Government Coordination and Planning. UNICEF. http://www.unicef.org/influenzaresources/files/TASW_whole_of_government6_0.pdf. Accessed January 27, 2016.
28. Whole community. FEMA website. https://www.fema.gov/whole-community-0. Accessed January 27, 2016.
29. PREPARE: Pandemic Preparedness Project. International Medical Corps website. http://internationalmedicalcorps.org/prepare. Accessed January 27, 2016.
30. Gilman, JK, Wright, M, Clifford Lane, H, et al. A model of federal interagency cooperation: the National Interagency Confederation for Biological Research. Biosecur Bioterror. 2014;12(3):144-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/bsp.2013.0084.
31. Burton, R, Chiginsky, T. Effective preparedness through strategic exercise programs. Disaster Recovery Journal. http://www.drj.com/articles/online-exclusive/effective-preparedness-through-strategic-exercise-programs.html. Published November 21, 2012. Accessed January 27, 2016.
32. Calain, P, Abu Sa’Da, C. Coincident polio and Ebola crises expose similar fault lines in the current global health regime. Confl Health. 2015;9(1):29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13031-015-0058-1.
33. Calain, P. Exploring the international arena of global public health surveillance. Health Policy Plan. 2007;22(1):2-12. http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/1/2.short http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czl034.
34. Final document of the seventh review conference of the Biological Weapons Convention. Document BWC/CONF.VII/7. UNDOC. http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/%28httpAssets%29/C2BAA955E58E15C7C1257D01005260D3/$file/BWC_CONF.VII_07.pdf. Published January 13, 2012. Accessed June 23, 2016.
35. Global Health Security Agenda Roadmap – Senegal. Global Health Security Agenda. https://ghsagenda.org/docs/Senegal-GHSA-5-Year-Roadmap-2015.pdf. Accessed March 8, 2016.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
  • ISSN: 1935-7893
  • EISSN: 1938-744X
  • URL: /core/journals/disaster-medicine-and-public-health-preparedness
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed