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Forecasted Impact of Climate Change on Infectious Disease and Health Security in Hawaii by 2050

  • Deon V. Canyon (a1), Rick Speare (a2) and Frederick M. Burkle (a3)
Abstract
Objective

Climate change is expected to cause extensive shifts in the epidemiology of infectious and vector-borne diseases. Scenarios on the effects of climate change typically attribute altered distribution of communicable diseases to a rise in average temperature and altered incidence of infectious diseases to weather extremes.

Methods

Recent evaluations of the effects of climate change on Hawaii have not explored this link. It may be expected that Hawaii’s natural geography and robust water, sanitation, and health care infrastructure renders residents less vulnerable to many threats that are the focus on smaller, lesser developed, and more vulnerable Pacific islands. In addition, Hawaii’s communicable disease surveillance and response system can act rapidly to counter increases in any disease above baseline and to redirect resources to deal with changes, particularly outbreaks due to exotic pathogens.

Results

The evidence base examined in this article consistently revealed very low climate sensitivity with respect to infectious and mosquito-borne diseases.

Conclusions

A community resilience model is recommended to increase adaptive capacity for all possible climate change impacts rather an approach that focuses specifically on communicable diseases. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;10:797–804)

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence and reprint requests to Deon Canyon, 2058 Maluhia Rd, Daniel K. Inouye Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies, Honolulu, HI 96815 (e-mail: deoncanyon@gmail.com).
Footnotes
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Died June 5, 2016.

Footnotes
References
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