Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 10
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kirsch, Thomas D. Circh, Ryan Bissell, Richard A. and Goldfeder, Matthew 2016. “Just-in-Time” Personal Preparedness: Downloads and Usage Patterns of the American Red Cross Hurricane Application During Hurricane Sandy. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, p. 1.

    Liang, Ying and Ju, Wei 2016. Interpersonal Trust and Ability of Elderly Victims to Perform Activities of Daily Living in the Ya’an Earthquake Reconstruction Area, China. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, p. 1.

    Bodas, Moran Siman-Tov, Maya Kreitler, Shulamith and Peleg, Kobi 2015. Perception of the threat of War in Israel- implications for future preparedness planning. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, Vol. 4, Issue. 1,

    DeBastiani, Summer D. Strine, Tara W. Vagi, Sara J. Barnett, Daniel J. and Kahn, Emily B. 2015. Preparedness Perceptions, Sociodemographic Characteristics, and Level of Household Preparedness for Public Health Emergencies: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2006-2010. Health Security, Vol. 13, Issue. 5, p. 317.

    Huff, Andrew G. Beyeler, Walter E. Kelley, Nicholas S. and McNitt, Joseph A. 2015. How resilient is the United States’ food system to pandemics?. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Vol. 5, Issue. 3, p. 337.

    Lazo, Jeffrey K. Bostrom, Ann Morss, Rebecca E. Demuth, Julie L. and Lazrus, Heather 2015. Factors Affecting Hurricane Evacuation Intentions. Risk Analysis, Vol. 35, Issue. 10, p. 1837.

    Mishra, Sasmita and Mazumdar, Sanjoy 2015. Psychology of Disaster Preparedness. Ecopsychology, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 211.

    Trigg, Joshua Thompson, Kirrilly Smith, Bradley and Bennett, Pauleen 2015. Engaging pet owners in disaster risk and preparedness communications: simplifying complex human–animal relations with archetypes. Environmental Hazards, Vol. 14, Issue. 3, p. 236.

    Zilversmit, Leah Sappenfield, Olivia Zotti, Marianne and McGehee, Mary A. 2014. Preparedness Planning for Emergencies Among Postpartum Women in Arkansas During 2009. Women's Health Issues, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. e83.

    Uscher-Pines, Lori and Kellermann, Arthur L 2013. The challenges and rewards of engaging a skeptical public. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. 12.

  • Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Volume 6, Issue 3
  • October 2012, pp. 217-231

Personal Disaster Preparedness: An Integrative Review of the Literature


Experts generally agree that individuals will require partial or complete self-sufficiency for at least the first 72 hours following a disaster. In the face of pervasive environmental and weather hazards, emerging biological threats, and growing population densities in urban areas, personal preparedness is critical. However, disaster planners and policymakers require further information to create meaningful improvements to this aspect of disaster preparedness. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to determine the state of evidence concerning personal disaster preparedness. The purpose of this integrative review is to describe and analyze the professional literature as an intended basis for advancing the field of disaster management research and practice. Included in the review were 36 studies that met the predetermined inclusion criteria. The current evidence indicates that factors influencing preparedness attitudes and behaviors are complex and multifaceted, including demographic characteristics, trust in government efforts, previous exposure to a disaster, and number of dependents in a household. Furthermore, certain population groups, households, and individuals have different disaster preparedness needs and vulnerabilities. This constellation of findings has significant implications for community and national emergency planning and policymaking.

(Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2012;6:217–231)

Corresponding author
Correspondence: Sivan Kohn, MPH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Public Health Preparedness Programs, 615 N Wolfe St, Room E7038, Baltimore, MD 21205 (e-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.V Basolo LJ Steinberg RJ Burby , et alThe effects of confidence in government and information on perceived and actual preparedness for disasters. Environ Behav. 2009;41 (3):338364.

2.TC. Davis Stages of Emergency: Cold War Nuclear Civil Defense.Durham, NC: Duke University Press; 2007.

3.LA Russell JD Goltz LB. Bourque Preparedness and hazard mitigation actions before and after two earthquakes. Environ Behav. 1995;27 (6):744770.

4.L Page J Rubin R Amlôt J Simpson S. Wessely Are Londoners prepared for an emergency? a longitudinal study following the London bombings. Biosecur Bioterror. 2008;6 (4):309319.

10.N. Kapucu Culture of preparedness: household disaster preparedness. Disaster Prevent Manage. 2008;17 (4):526535.

17.JA Boscarino RE Adams CR Figley S Galea EB. Foa Fear of terrorism and preparedness in New York City 2 years after the attacks: implications for disaster planning and research. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2006;12 (6):505513.

18.DP Eisenman D Glik R Maranon L Gonzales S. Asch Developing a disaster preparedness campaign targeting low-income Latino immigrants: focus group results for Project PREP. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2009;20 (2):330345.

19.DP Eisenman C Wold J Fielding , et alDifferences in individual-level terrorism preparedness in Los Angeles County. Am J Prev Med. 2006;30 (1):16.

20.K Heller D Alexander M Gatz , et alSocial and personal factors as predictors of earthquake preparation: the role of support provision, network discussion, negative affect, age, and education. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2005;35 (2):399422.

23.JP Mulilis TS Duval R. Rogers The effect of a swarm of local tornados on tornado preparedness: a quasi-comparable cohort investigation. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2003;33 (8):17161725.

25.FH Norris T Smith K. Kaniasty Revisiting the experience–behavior hypothesis: the effects of Hurricane Hugo on hazard preparedness and other self-protective acts. Basic Appl Soc Psych. 1999;21 (1):3747.

26.DL Smith SJ. Notaro Personal emergency preparedness for people with disabilities from the 2006-2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Disabil Health J. 2009;2 (2):8694.

28.RJ Marshall L Petrone MJ Takach , et alMake a kit, make a plan, stay informed: using social marketing to change the population's emergency preparedness behavior. Soc Mar Q. 2007;13 (4):4764.

29.J Blessman J Skupski M Jamil , et alBarriers to at-home-preparedness in public health employees: implications for disaster preparedness training. J Occup Environ Med. 2007;49 (3):318326.

30.M Cretikos K Eastwood C Dalton , et alHousehold disaster preparedness and information sources: rapid cluster survey after a storm in New South Wales, Australia. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:195.

32.M Nozawa T Watanabe N Katada H Minami A. Yamamoto Residents' awareness and behaviour regarding typhoon evacuation advice in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Int Nurs Rev. 2008;55 (1):2026.

33.D Paton B Parkes M Daly L. Smith Fighting the flu: developing sustained community resilience and preparedness. Health Promot Pract. 2008;9 4(suppl)45S53S.

34.BD Phillips WC Metz LA. Nieves Disaster threat: preparedness and potential response of the lowest income quartile. Environmental Hazards. 2006;6 (3):123133.

37.LG Aspinwall GB Sechrist PR. Jones Expect the best and prepare for the worst: anticipatory coping and preparations for Y2K. Motiv Emot. 2005;29 (4):357388.

39.B Feret J. Bratberg Pharmacist-based intervention to prepare residents of assisted-living facilities for emergencies. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2008;48 (6):780783.

40.AJ Hausman A Hanlon B. Seals Social capital as a mediating factor in emergency preparedness and concerns about terrorism. J Community Psychol. 2007;35 (8):10731083.

41.A Chesser E Ablah SR Hawley , et alPreparedness needs assessment in a rural state: themes derived from public focus groups. Biosecur Bioterror. 2006;4 (4):376383.

42.CE Faupel SP. Styles Disaster education, household preparedness, and stress responses following Hurricane Hugo. Environ Behav. 1993;25 (2):228249.

43.T Terpstra JM. Gutteling Households' perceived responsibilities in flood risk management in the Netherlands. Int J Water Resour Dev. 2008;24 (4):555565.

44.JEC Lee S Gibson ML Markon , et alA preventive coping perspective of individual response to terrorism in Canada. Curr Psychol. 2009;28 (2):6984.

45.C Rooney GW. White Narrative analysis of a disaster preparedness and emergency response survey from persons with mobility impairments. J Disabil Policy Stud. 2007;17 (4):206215.

46.E Ablah K Konda CL. Kelley Factors predicting individual emergency preparedness: a multi-state analysis of 2006 BRFSS data. Biosecur Bioterror. 2009;7 (3):317330.

49.A Fothergill EG Maestas JD. Darlington Race, ethnicity and disasters in the United States: a review of the literature. Disasters. 1999;23 (2):156173.

50.A Fothergill L. Peek Poverty and disasters in the United States: a review of recent sociological findings. Nat Hazards. 2004;32:89110.

51.O Carter-Pokras RE Zambrana SE Mora KA. Aaby Emergency preparedness: knowledge and perceptions of Latin American immigrants. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2007;18 (2):465481.

53.MC Schmidtlein RC Deutsch WW Piegorsch SL. Cutter A sensitivity analysis of the social vulnerability index. Risk Anal. 2008;28 (4):10991114.

54.SL Cutter C. Finch Temporal and spatial changes in social vulnerability to natural hazards. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105 (7):23012306.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
  • ISSN: 1935-7893
  • EISSN: 1938-744X
  • URL: /core/journals/disaster-medicine-and-public-health-preparedness
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *