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Utilizing Strategic and Operational Methods for Whole-Community Disaster Planning

  • Stevee Franks (a1) and Ellen Seaton (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

Analysis of response and recovery efforts to disasters over the past 2 decades has identified a consistent gap that plagues the nation in regard to persons with access and functional needs. This gap can be highlighted by Hurricane Katrina, where the majority of those killed were a part of the access and functional needs population. After a disaster, many individuals with access and functional needs require assistance recovering but often have difficulty accessing services and resources. These difficulties are due to a combination of issues, such as health problems and the disruption of community support services. We sought to help bridge this gap by focusing on strategic and operational methods used while planning for the whole community. This article highlights the many partnerships that must be fostered for successful whole-community planning. These partnerships include, but are not limited to, local government departments, health agencies, nonprofit and nongovernmental organizations, and other volunteer organizations. We showcase these methods by using a developmental Post-Disaster Canvassing Plan to highlight planning methods that may aid jurisdictions across the United States in disaster planning for the whole community. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;page 1 of 6)

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence and reprint requests to Ellen Seaton, LMSW-IPR, Harris County Community Services Department, 9418 Jensen Drive, Houston, TX 77093 (e-mail: Ellen.Seaton@csd.hctx.net).
References
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1. Texas Department of Transportation, Division of Emergency Management. Emergency Planning for People with Access and Functional Needs. Presented at: Emergency Planning for People with Access and Functional Needs (T-197); 2015; Houston, TX.
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Identifying Vulnerable Older Adults and Legal Options for Increasing Their Protection During All-hazards Emergencies: A Cross-sector Guide for States and Communities. https://www.cdc.gov/aging/emergency/planning_tools/guide.htm. Published 2012. Accessed March 30, 2017.
3. Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006, S.3721, 109th Cong (2005-2006). https://www.congress.gov/bill/109th-congress/senate-bill/3721. Accessed March 30, 2017.
4. BrownJT, McCarthyFX, LiuEC. Analysis of the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service; 2013.
5. Community Resilience. RAND Corporation Provides Objective Research Services and Public Policy Analysis. RAND Corporation website. http://www.rand.org/topics/community-resilience.html. Accessed April 3, 2016.
6. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Whole Community. FEMA website. http://www.fema.gov/whole-community. Accessed April 9, 2016.
7. Federal Emergency Management Agency. A Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management: Principles, Themes, and Pathways for Action. https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/23781. Published December 1, 2011. Accessed March 30, 2017.
8. Notice of Settlement of Class Action Lawsuit. Brooklyn Center for Independence of the Disabled v City of New York. NYC Emergency Management website. https://www1.nyc.gov/site/em/about/mous-settlement-docs/bcid-class-notice.page. Accessed March 30, 2017.
9. FranksSM, ClarkK. Post-Disaster Canvassing Plan. Houston, TX: Harris County Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Management; in press.
10. Federal Emergency Management Agency. CPG 101, Developing and Maintaining Emergency Operations Plans: Version 2. https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/25975. Published November 1, 2010. Accessed March 30, 2017.
11. Harris County Community Services Department. Program Year 2013 – 2017 Consolidated Plan. http://www.harriscountytx.gov/CmpDocuments/103/py%202003-2007%20Consolidated%20Plan/Section%205%20Five-Year%20Strategies_new.pdf. Published January 2013. Accessed March 9, 2016.
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Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
  • ISSN: 1935-7893
  • EISSN: 1938-744X
  • URL: /core/journals/disaster-medicine-and-public-health-preparedness
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