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Michelle A. Albert , Yvette Cozier , Paul M. Ridker , Julie R. Palmer , Robert J. Glynn , Lynda Rose , Nitsan Halevy , and Lynn Rosenberg (2010). Perceptions of Race/Ethnic Discrimination in Relation to Mortality Among Black Women: Results From the Black Women's Health Study. Archives of Internal Medicine, 170(10): 896–904.
Lisa L. Barnes , Carlos F. Mendes de Leon , Tene T. Lewis , Julia L. Bienias , Robert S. Wilson , and Denis A. Evans (2008). Perceived Discrimination and Mortality in a Population-Based Study of Older Adults. American Journal of Public Health, 98(7): 1241–1247.
Joao Luiz Bastos , Roger Keller Celeste , Eduardo Faerstein , and Aluisio J. Barros (2010). Racial Discrimination and Health: a Systematic Review of Scales With a Focus on Their Psychometric Properties. Social Science & Medicine, 70(7): 1091–1099.
Tony N. Brown (2001). Measuring Self-Perceived Racial and Ethnic Discrimination in Social Surveys. Sociological Spectrum, 21(3): 377–392.
Christopher David Ruiz Cameron (1997). How the Garcia Cousins Lost Their Accents: Understanding the Language of Title VII Decisions Approving English-Only Rules As the Product of Racial Dualism, Latino Invisibility, and Legal Indeterminacy. California Law Review, 85: 1347–1393.
Dana R. Carney , Mahzarin R. Banaji , and Nancy Krieger (2010). Implicit Measures Reveal Evidence of Personal Discrimination. Self and Identity, 9(2): 162–176.
David H. Chae , David T. Takeuchi , Elizabeth M. Barbeau , Gary G. Bennett , Jane Lindsey , and Nancy Krieger (2008). Unfair Treatment, Racial/Ethnic Discrimination, Ethnic Identification, and Smoking Among Asian Americans in the National Latino and Asian American Study. American Journal of Public Health, 98(3): 485–492.
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Ronald C. Kessler , Kristin D. Mickelson , and David R. Williams (1999). The Prevalence, Distribution, and Mental Health Correlates of Perceived Discrimination in the United States. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 40(3): 208–230.
Nancy R. Kressin , Kristal L. Raymond , and Meredith Manze (2008). Perceptions of Race/Ethnicity-Based Discrimination: a Review of Measures and Evaluation of Their Usefulness for the Health Care Setting. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 19(3): 697–730.
Nancy Krieger , Dana Carney , Katie Lancaster , Pamela D. Waterman , Anna Kosheleva , and Mahzarin Banaji (2010). Combining Explicit and Implicit Measures of Racial Discrimination in Health Research. American Journal of Public Health, 100(8): 1485–1492.
Nancy Krieger and Stephen Sidney (1996). Racial Discrimination and Blood Pressure: the CARDIA Study of Young Black and White Adults. American Journal of Public Health, 86(10): 1370–1378.
Nancy Krieger , Kevin Smith , Deepa Naishadham , Cathy Hartman , and Elizabeth M. Barbeau (2005). Experiences of Discrimination: Validity and Reliability of a Self-Report Measure for Population Health Research on Racism and Health. Social Science & Medicine, 61(7): 1576–1596.
Maria Krysan and Mick P. Couper (2003). Race in the Live and the Virtual Interview: Racial Deference, Social Desirability, and Activation Effects in Attitude Surveys. Social Psychology Quarterly, 66(4): 364–383.
Hope Landrine , Elizabeth A. Klonoff , Irma Corral , Senaida Fernandez , and Scott Roesch (2006). Conceptualizing and Measuring Ethnic Discrimination in Health Research. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29(1): 79–94.
Sunghee Lee , Delight E. Satter , and Ninez A. Ponce (2009). Effect of Race and Ethnicity Classification on Survey Estimates: Anomaly of the Weighted Totals of American Indians and Alaska Natives. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 16(3): 1–15.
Tene T. Lewis , Allison E. Aiello , Sue Leurgans , Jeremiah Kelly , and Lisa L. Barnes (2010). Self-Reported Experiences of Everyday Discrimination Are Associated With Elevated C-Reactive Protein Levels in Older African-American Adults. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 24(3): 438–443.
Tene T. Lewis , Susan A. Everson-Rose , Lynda H. Powell , Karen A. Matthews , Charlotte Brown , Kelly Karavolos , Kim Sutton-Tyrrell , Elizabeth Jacobs , and Deidre Wesley (2006). Chronic Exposure to Everyday Discrimination and Coronary Artery Calcification in African-American Women: the SWAN Heart Study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68(3): 362–368.
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Douglas S. Massey and Garvey Lundy (2001). Use of Black English and Racial Discrimination in Urban Housing Markets: New Methods and Findings. Urban Affairs Review, 36(4): 452–469.
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Elizabeth A. Pascoe and Laura Smart Richman (2009). Perceived Discrimination and Health: a Meta-Analytic Review. Psychological Bulletin, 135(4): 531–554.
Bryce B. Reeve , Ron D. Hays , Jakob B. Bjorner , Karon F. Cook , Paul K. Crane , Jeanne A. Teresi , David Thissen , Dennis A. Revicki , David J. Weiss , Ronald K. Hambleton , Honghu Liu , Richard Gershon , Steven P. Reise , Jin-shei Lai , and David Cella (2007). Psychometric Evaluation and Calibration of Health-Related Quality of Life Item Banks: Plans for the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS). Medical Care, 45(5 Suppl 1): S22–S31.
Louis Roussos and William Stout (1996). A Multidimensionality-Based DIF Analysis Paradigm. Applied Psychological Measurement, 20(4): 355–371.
Teresa E. Seeman , Burton H. Singer , Carol D. Ryff , Gayle Dienberg Love , and Lene Levy-Storms (2002). Social Relationships, Gender, and Allostatic Load Across Two Age Cohorts. Psychosomatic Medicine, 64(3): 395–406.
Michael S. Spencer and Juan Chen (2004). Effect of Discrimination on Mental Health Service Utilization Among Chinese Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 94(5): 809–814.
Judith Swan , Nancy Breen , Linda Burhansstipanov , Delight E. Satter , William W. Davis , Timothy McNeel , and C. Matthew Snipp (2006). Cancer Screening and Risk Factor Rates Among American Indians. American Journal of Public Health, 96(2): 340–350.
Teletia R. Taylor , Carla D. Williams , Kepher H. Makambi , Charles Mouton , Jules P. Harrell , Yvette Cozier , Julie R. Palmer , Lynn Rosenberg , and Lucile L. Adams-Campbell (2007). Racial Discrimination and Breast Cancer Incidence in US Black Women: the Black Women's Health Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 166(1): 46–54.
Jeanne A. Teresi and John A. Fleishman (2007). Differential Item Functioning and Health Assessment. Quality of Life Research, 16(Suppl 1): 33–42.
Lianne Tomfohr , Denise C. Cooper , Paul J. Mills , Richard A. Nelesen , and Joel E. Dimsdale (2010). Everyday Discrimination and Nocturnal Blood Pressure Dipping in Black and White Americans. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72(3): 266–272.
David R. Williams and Selina A. Mohammed (2009). Discrimination and Racial Disparities in Health: Evidence and Needed Research. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 32(1): 20–47.
David R. Williams , Selina A. Mohammed , Jacinta Leavell , and Chiquita Collins (2010). Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Health: Complexities, Ongoing Challenges, and Research Opportunities. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1186: 69–101.
David R. Williams , Yan Yu , James S. Jackson , and Norman B. Anderson (1997). Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socio-Economic Status, Stress and Discrimination. Journal of Health Psychology, 2(3): 335–351.
Hyung Chol Yoo , Gilbert C. Gee , Craig K. Lowthrop , and Joanne Robertson (2010). Self-Reported Racial Discrimination and Substance Use Among Asian Americans in Arizona. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 12(5): 683–690.
Hyung Chol Yoo , Gilbert C. Gee , and David Takeuchi (2009). Discrimination and Health Among Asian American Immigrants: Disentangling Racial From Language Discrimination. Social Science & Medicine, 68(4): 726–732.