Acevedo-Garcia, D., Pan, J., Jun, H., Osypuk, T. L., and Emmons, K. M. (2005). The Effect of Immigrant Generation on Smoking. Social Science and Medicine, 61: 1223–1242.
Allison, P. (1984). Event History Analysis: Regression for Longitudinal Event Data. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Anderson, E. and Massey, D. S. (Eds.) (2001). Problem of the Century: Racial Stratification in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Arias, E., Eschbach, K., Schauman, W. S., Backlund, E. L., and Sorlie, P. D. (2010). The Hispanic Mortality Advantage and Ethnic Misclassification on U.S. Death Certificates. American Journal of Public Health, 100(S1): S171–S177.
Bonilla-Silva, E. (2003). Racism without Racists: Color Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.
Borrell, L. N. and Crawford, N. D. (2009). All-Cause Mortality among Hispanics in the United States: Exploring Heterogeneity by Nativity Status, Country of Origin, and Race in the National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files. Annals of Epidemiology, 19: 336–343.
Burton, L. M. and Tucker, M. B. (2009). Romantic Unions in an Era of Uncertainty: A Post-Moynihan Perspective on African American Women and Marriage. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Research, 621: 132–149.
Cooper, R. (1984). A Note on the Biological Concept of Race and Its Application in Epidemiological Research. American Heart Journal, 108: 715–723.
Ellison, C. G., Hummer, R. A., Cormier, S., and Rogers, R. G. (2000). Religious Involvement and Mortality Risk among African American Adults. Research on Aging, 22: 630–667.
Elo, I. T. and Drevenstedt, G. L. (2004). Cause-specific Contributions to Black-White Differences in Male Mortality from 1960 to 1995. Demographic Research, : 255–276.
Feagin, J. R. (2001). Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparations. New York: Routledge.
Feliciano, C. (2005). Educational Selectivity in U.S. Immigration: How Do Immigrants Compare to Those Left Behind? Demography, 42: 131–152.
Frank, R., Akresh, I. R., and Lu, B. (2010). Latino Immigrants and the U.S. Racial Order: How and Where Do They Fit In? American Sociological Review, 75: 378–401.
Franks, P., Muennig, P., Lubetkin, E., and Jia, H. (2006). The Burden of Disease Associated with Being African-American in the United States and the Contribution of Socio-economic Status. Social Science and Medicine, 62: 2469–2478.
Harper, S., Lynch, J., Burris, S., Smith, G. D. (2007). Trends in the Black-White Life Expectancy Gap in the United States, 1983–2003. Journal of the American Medical Association, 297: 1224–1232.
House, J. S., Schoeni, R. F., Kaplan, G. A., and Pollack, H. (2008). The Health Effects of Social and Economic Policy: The Promise and Challenge for Research and Policy. In Schoeni, R. F., House, J. S., Kaplan, G. A., and Pollack, H. (Eds.), Making Americans Healthier: Social and Economic Policy as Health Policy, pp. 3–26. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Hummer, R. A. (1996). Black-White Differences in Health and Mortality: A Review and Conceptual Model. The Sociological Quarterly, 37(1): 105–125.
Hummer, R. A., Benjamins, M. R., and Rogers, R. G. (2004). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and Mortality among the U.S. Elderly Population. In Anderson, N. B., Bulatao, R. A., and Cohen, B. (Eds.), Critical Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life, pp. 53–94. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Hummer, R. A. and Hamilton, E. R. (2010). Race and Ethnicity and Fragile Families. Future of Children, 20(2): 113–132.
Hummer, R. A., Rogers, R. G., Nam, C. B., and LeClere, F. B.. (1999). Race/Ethnicity, Nativity, and U.S. Adult Mortality. Social Science Quarterly, 80: 136–153.
Jackson, J. S., Hudson, D., Kershaw, K., Mezuk, B., Rafferty, J., and Tuttle, K. K. (2011). Discrimination, Chronic Stress, and Mortality among Black Americans: A Life-Course Framework. In Rogers, R. G. and Crimmins, E. M. (Eds.), International Handbook of Adult Mortality, . New York: Springer Publishers ().
Kaplan, G. A., Ranjit, N., and Burgard, S. A. (2008). Lifting Gates, Lengthening Lives: Did Civil Rights Policies Improve the Health of African American Women in the 1960s and 1970s? In Schoeni, R. F., House, J. S., Kaplan, G. A., and Pollack, H. (Eds.), Making Americans Healthier: Social and Economic Policy as Health Policy, pp. 145–170. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Levine, R. S., Foster, J. E., Fullilove, R. E., Fullilove, M. T., Briggs, N. C., Hull, P. C., Husaini, B. A., and Hennekens, C. H. (2001). Black-White Inequalities in Mortality and Life Expectancy, 1933–1999: Implications for Healthy People 2010. Public Health Reports, 116: 474–483.
Lopez-Gonzalez, L., Aravena, V., and Hummer, R. A. (2005). Immigrant Acculturation, Gender, and Health Behavior: A Research Note. Social Forces, 84: 581–593.
Macinko, J. and Elo, I. T. (2009). Black-White Differences in Avoidable Mortality in the USA, 1980–2005. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63: 715–721.
Markides, K. S. and Coreil, J. (1986). The Health of Southwestern Hispanics: An Epidemiologic Paradox. Public Health Reports, 101: 253–265.
Markides, K. S. and Eschbach, K. (2011). Hispanic Paradox in Adult Mortality in the United States. In Rogers, R. G. and Crimmins, E. M. (Eds.) International Handbook of Adult Mortality, . New York: Springer Publishers ().
Massey, D. S. (2008). Foreword. In Rodriguez, H., Saenz, R., and Menjivar, C. (Eds.) Latinas/os in the United States: Changing the Face of America, pp. xi–xiii. New York: Springer Publishers.
McLanahan, S. S. (2009). Fragile Families and the Reproduction of Poverty. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 621: 111–131.
Miniño, A. M., Xu, J., Kochanek, K. D., Tejada-Vera, B. (2009).
Nam, C. B. (1995). Another Look at Mortality Crossovers. Social Biology, 42: 133–142.
Office of Management and Budget (1997).
Oliver, M. L. and Shapiro, T. M. (2006). Black Wealth/White Wealth, 2ed.New York: Routledge.
Palloni, A. and Arias, E. (2004). Paradox Lost: Explaining the Hispanic Adult Mortality Advantage. Demography, 41(3): 385–415.
Pollack, H., Kaplan, G. A., House, J. S., and Schoeni, R. F. (2008). Social and Economic Policies as Health Policy: Moving Toward a New Approach to Improving Health in America. In Schoeni, R.F., House, J.S., Kaplan, G.A., and Pollack, H. (Eds.), Making Americans Healthier: Social and Economic Policy as Health Policy, pp. 379–390. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Rogers, R. G. (1992). Living and Dying in the USA: Sociodemographic Determinants of Death among Blacks and Whites. Demography, 29: 287–303.
Rogers, R. G., Hummer, R. A., Krueger, P., and Pampel, F. (2005). Mortality Attributable to Cigarette Smoking in the United States. Population and Development Review, 31(2): 259–292.
Rogers, R. G., Hummer, R. A., Nam, C. B., and Peters, K. (1996). Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Behavioral Factors Affecting Ethnic Mortality by Cause. Social Forces, 74: 1419–1438.
Saenz, R. and Morales, M. C. (2005). Demography of Race and Ethnicity. In Poston, D. L. and Micklin, M. (Eds.) Handbook of Population, pp. 169–206. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Satcher, D., Fryer, G. E. Jr., McCann, J., Troutman, A., Woolf, S. H., and Rust, G. (2005). What If We Were Equal? A Comparison of the Black-White Mortality Gap in 1960 and 2000. Health Affairs, 24(2): 459–464.
Shapiro, T. M., Meschede, T., and Sullivan, L. (2010).
Sloan, F. A., Ayyagari, P., Salm, M., and Grossman, D. (2010). The Longevity Gap Between Black and White Men in the United States at the Beginning and End of the 20th Century. American Journal of Public Health, 100(2): 357–363.
Smelser, N. J., Wilson, W. J., and Mitchell, F. (Eds.) (2001). America Becoming: Racial Trends and Their Consequences, . Washington, DC: National Research Council.
Stewart, Q. T. (2008). The Shape of Inequality: Racial Disparities in Age-Specific Mortality. Biodemography and Social Biology, 54: 152–182.
Tienda, M. and Mitchell, F. (Eds.) (2006). Multiple Origins, Uncertain Destinies: Hispanics and the American Future. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Trejo, S. J. (2003). Intergenerational Progress of Mexican-Origin Workers in the U.S. Labor Market. Journal of Human Resources, 38: 467–489.
Turra, C. M. and Elo, I. T. (2008). The Impact of Salmon Bias on the Hispanic Mortality Advantage: New Evidence from Social Security Data. Population Research and Policy Review, 27(5): 515–530.
Turra, C. M. and Goldman, N. (2007). Socioeconomic Differences in Mortality among U.S. Adults: Insights into the Hispanic Paradox. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 62B: S184–S192.
Waters, M. (2002). The Social Construction of Race and Ethnicity: Some Examples from Demography. In Denton, N. A. and Tolnay, S. E. (Eds.), American Diversity: A Demographic Challenge for the Twenty-First Century, pp. 25–49. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Williams, D. R. and Jackson, P. B. (2005). Social Sources of Racial Disparities in Health. Health Affairs, 24(2): 325–334.
Williams, D. R., Lavizzo-Mourey, R., and Warren, R. (1994). The Concept of Race and Health Status in America. Public Health Reports, 109: 126–142.
Williams, D. R., Mohammed, S. A., Leavell, J., and Collins, C. (2010). Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Health: Complexities, Ongoing Challenges, and Research Opportunities. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1186: 69–101.
Williams, D. R. and Sternthal, M. (2010). Understanding Racial-ethnic Disparities in Health: Sociological Contributions. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51(S): S15–S27.