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Roger, Bishop of Worcester (c 1134–1179)

  • Richard Helmholz (a1)


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1 Rathbone, E and Kuttner, S, ‘Anglo-Norman canonists’, (1949/1951) 7 Traditio 279358.

2 Maitland, F, Roman Canon Law in the Church of England (London, 1898), pp 122124; Brooke, Z, The English Church and the Papacy (Cambridge, 1952), p 214.

3 Becket, T, I, Epistles, no 179, in Robertson, J and Sheppard, J Brigstocke (eds), Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Rolls Series 67:5 (London, 1875–1885), p 345.

4 Morey, Eg A and Brooke, C (eds), Letters and Charters of Gilbert Foliot (Cambridge, 1967), p 190, no 145.

5 The most recent opinion on this subject holds that it would be ‘surprising’ and in fact ‘improbable’ to suppose that Roger had no formal legal training. See Cheney, M, Smith, D, Brooke, C and Hoskin, P (eds), English Episcopal Acta 33: Worcester 1062–1185, (Oxford, 2007), pp xlviiixlix.

6 Cheney, M, ‘Roger (c.1134–1179), bishop of Worcester’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online edition, 2004–2012).

7 See Wright, T (ed), The Anglo-Latin Satirical Poets and Epigrammatists of the Twelfth Century, Rolls Series 59:1 (London, 1872), p 198.

8 Cambrensis, Giraldus, Vita S. Remigii et Vita S. Hugonis, in Opera, ed Dimock, J, Rolls Series 21:7 (1877), p 57.

9 Letter No. 88 (1166), in Duggan, A (ed), Correspondence of Thomas Becket, vol 1 (Oxford, 2000), pp 356357; the letter was coupled with a request amounting to a demand for aid in Becket's controversy with the king.

10 Cheney, M, Roger, Bishop of Worcester 1164–1179 (Oxford, 1980).

11 Sayers, J, Papal Judges Delegate in the Province of Canterbury, 1198–1254 (Oxford, 1971), p 10. Other frequent judges delegate during this period were Gilbert Foliot, Bishop of Hereford and later Bishop of London, and Bartholomew, Bishop of Exeter.

12 Cheney, Roger of Worcester, pp 317–73.

13 See eg Henricus de Segusio (Hostiensis), Summa Aurea (Venice, 1574), book 1, De officio et potestate iudicis delegati, no 3.

14 Giraldus Cambrensis, Vita S. Remigii, p 345; perhaps he exaggerated, but the statement about Alexander's opinion of Roger cannot be entirely without substance. See also Knowles, D, The Episcopal Colleagues of Archbishop Thomas Becket (Cambridge, 1951), pp 22–23, 5152.

15 Cheney, M, ‘Pope Alexander III and Roger, Bishop of Worcester, 1164–1179: the exchange of ideas’, in Kuttner, S (ed), Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law (Vatican City, 1976), p 227.

16 Gregorian Decretals, X 3.5.12. For an example of Roger's concern, see Acta, 33, no 229 (1164 x 1179), in Cheney et al, English Episcopal Acta, pp 154–155.

17 Gregorian Decretals, X 3.39.8.

18 Cheney ‘Pope Alexander III’, p 221.

19 Gregorian Decretals, X 2.14.5. The ins and outs of this process can be traced in Torquebiau, P, ‘Contumace’, in Naz, R (ed), Dictionnaire de droit canonique (Paris, 1935–1965), vol 4, pp 506521; see generally Nörr, K, Romanisch-kanonisches Prozessrecht (Heidelberg, 2012), pp 7277.

20 Gregorian Decretals, X 2.28.11. The Pope here seems to have followed the Roman law on this point. See Cod 7.62.20.

21 Gregorian Decretals, X 2.28.1–73; Sext 2.15.1–12; Clem 2.12.1–7.

22 Cheney, Roger of Worcester, pp 197–206; Duggan, C, Twelfth-century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (London, 1963), pp 152162; Mayr-Harting, H, ‘Master Silvester and the compilation of early English decretal collections’, (1965) 2 Studies in Church History 186196.

23 See Brundage, J, Medieval Canon Law (London and New York, 1995), pp 194197.

Roger, Bishop of Worcester (c 1134–1179)

  • Richard Helmholz (a1)


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