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  • George Kapetanios (a1) and Andrew P. Blake (a2)

The martingale difference restriction is an outcome of many theoretical analyses in economics and finance. A large body of econometric literature deals with tests of that restriction. We provide new tests based on radial basis function (RBF) neural networks. Our work is based on the test design of Blake and Kapetanios (2000, 2003a, 2003b). However, unlike that work we provide a formal theoretical justification for the validity of these tests and present some new general theoretical results. These results take advantage of the link between the algorithms of Blake and Kapetanios (2000, 2003a, 2003b) and boosting. We carry out a Monte Carlo study of the properties of the new tests and find that they have very good power performance. A simplified implementation of boosting is found to have desirable properties and small computational cost. An empirical application to the S&P 500 constituents illustrates the usefulness of our new test.

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*Address correspondence to George Kapetanios, Department of Economics, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK; e-mail:
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Econometric Theory
  • ISSN: 0266-4666
  • EISSN: 1469-4360
  • URL: /core/journals/econometric-theory
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