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  • Christian Conrad (a1) and Menelaos Karanasos (a2)

This paper considers a formulation of the extended constant or time-varying conditional correlation GARCH model that allows for volatility feedback of either the positive or negative sign. In the previous literature, negative volatility spillovers were ruled out by the assumption that all the parameters of the model are nonnegative, which is a sufficient condition for ensuring the positive definiteness of the conditional covariance matrix. In order to allow for negative feedback, we show that the positive definiteness of the conditional covariance matrix can be guaranteed even if some of the parameters are negative. Thus, we extend the results of Nelson and Cao (1992) and Tsai and Chan (2008) to a multivariate setting. For the bivariate case of order one, we look into the consequences of adopting these less severe restrictions and find that the flexibility of the process is substantially increased. Our results are helpful for the model-builder, who can consider the unrestricted formulation as a tool for testing various economic theories.

Corresponding author
*Address correspondence to Christian Conrad, University of Heidelberg, Faculty of Economics and Social Studies, Bergheimer Str. 58, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany; e-mail:
Menelaos Karanasos, Economics and Finance, Brunel University, Uxbridge, West London, UB3 3PH, UK; e-mail:
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Econometric Theory
  • ISSN: 0266-4666
  • EISSN: 1469-4360
  • URL: /core/journals/econometric-theory
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