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Allies, not aliens: increasing the role of local communities in marine protected area implementation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 June 2010

SEBASTIAN C.A. FERSE*
Affiliation:
Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), Fahrenheitstrasse 6, 28359 Bremen, Germany
MARÍA MÁÑEZ COSTA
Affiliation:
Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 31360 Vigo, Spain
KATHLEEN SCHWERDTNER MÁÑEZ
Affiliation:
Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), Fahrenheitstrasse 6, 28359 Bremen, Germany
DEDI S. ADHURI
Affiliation:
The WorldFish Center, PO Box 500 GPO, 10670 Penang, Malaysia
MARION GLASER
Affiliation:
Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), Fahrenheitstrasse 6, 28359 Bremen, Germany
*
*Correspondence: Dr Sebastian Ferse Tel: +49 421 2380028 Fax: +49 421 2380030 e-mail: sebastian.ferse@zmt-bremen.de

Summary

Various management approaches have been proposed to address the alarming depletion of marine coastal resources. Prominent among them are community-based management and the establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs). The overall poor performance of MPAs can be traced to a failure to effectively include local communities in the design and implementation of relevant measures. Recent efforts have incorporated aspects of community-based management into a hybrid form of management, which ideally builds upon existing local management practices. A key challenge lies in the development of appropriate frameworks that allow for the successful participation of local communities in management. A review of studies on MPA design and community-based marine resource management and fieldwork observations provides suggestions on how to address current socioeconomic shortcomings in MPA design and implementation, successfully involving local communities in order to provide a better local basis for effective larger MPA networks. A combination of MPA tools as the formal frame and community-based natural resource management as the adaptive core that recognizes local communities as allies, not aliens, is needed to develop successful conservation approaches.

Type
THEMATIC SECTION: Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM): designing the next generation (Part 1)
Copyright
Copyright © Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2010

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