Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-65dc7cd545-rzhp5 Total loading time: 0.281 Render date: 2021-07-24T15:18:18.874Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Towards a framework to support coastal change governance in small islands

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 June 2018

MARION GLASER
Affiliation:
Social–ecological Systems Analysis, Center for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT), Bremen, Germany
ANNETTE BRECKWOLDT
Affiliation:
Social–ecological Systems Analysis, Center for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT), Bremen, Germany Alfred-Wegener-Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), Bremerhaven, Germany
TIM J.B. CARRUTHERS
Affiliation:
The Water Institute of the Gulf, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
DONALD L. FORBES
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, NL, Canada
SIMON COSTANZO
Affiliation:
Integration and Application Network, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Cambridge, MD, USA
HEATH KELSEY
Affiliation:
Integration and Application Network, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Cambridge, MD, USA
RAMESH RAMACHANDRAN
Affiliation:
National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Chennai, India
SELINA STEAD
Affiliation:
School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Corresponding

Summary

Small islands can guide visualization of the diverse information requirements of future context-relevant coastal governance. On small marine islands (<20 000 km2), negative effects of coastal challenges (e.g., related to population growth, unsustainable resource use or climate change) can develop rapidly, with high intensity and extreme impacts. The smallest and most remote islands within small-island states and small islands in larger states can be threatened by intrinsic governance factors, typically resulting in access to fewer resources than larger islands or administrative centres. For these reasons, efforts to support coastal change governance are critical and need to be targeted. We propose a conceptual framework that distinguishes key governance-related components of small-island social–ecological systems (SESs). To prioritize areas of vulnerability and opportunity, physical, ecological, social, economic and governance attributes are visualized to help show the ability of different types of small-island SESs to adapt, or be transformed, in the face of global and local change. Application of the framework to an Indonesian archipelago illustrates examples of local rule enforcement supporting local self-organized marine governance. Visualization of complex and interconnected social, environmental and economic changes in small-island SESs provides a better understanding of the vulnerabilities and opportunities related to context-specific governance.

Type
Subject Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2018 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Abecasis, R.C., Schmidt, L., Longnecker, N., Clifton, J. (2013) Implications of community and stakeholder perceptions of the marine environment and its conservation for MPA management in a small Azorean island. Ocean & Coastal Management 84: 208219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Adger, W.N., Carpenter, S.R., Folke, C., Hughes, T., Rockström, J. (2005) Social–ecological resilience to coastal disasters. Science 309: 10361039.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alessa, L., Kliskey, A., Altaweel, M. (2009) Toward a typology for social–ecological systems. Sustainability: Science, Practice & Policy 5 (1): 3141.Google Scholar
Aswani, S., Albert, S., Sabetian, A., Furusawa, T. (2007) Customary management as precautionary and adaptive principles for protecting coral reefs in Oceania. Coral Reefs 26: 10091021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aswani, S., Hamilton, R.J. (2004) Integrating indigenous ecological knowledge and customary sea tenure with marine and social science for conservation of bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) in the Roviana Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation 31 (1): 6983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aswani, S., Lauer, M. (2014) Indigenous people's detection of rapid ecological change. Conservation Biology 28 (3): 820828.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baitoningsih, W. (2009) Community Participation in Designing Marine Protected Area in Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. MSc Thesis. Bremen, Germany: University of Bremen.Google Scholar
Baldacchino, G. (2006) Managing the hinterland beyond: two ideal-type strategies of economic development for small island territories. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 47 (1): 4560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baldacchino, G., Milne, D. (2006) Exploring sub-national island jurisdictions. The Round Table 95 (386): 115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baum, G., Kusumanti, I., Breckwoldt, A., Ferse, S.C.A., Glaser, M., Dwiyitno, Adrianto L, et al. (2016) Under pressure: investigating marine resource-based livelihoods in Jakarta Bay and the Thousand Islands. Marine Pollution Bulletin 110 (2): 778789.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bell, J.D., Kronen, M., Vunisea, A., Nash, W.J., Keeble, G., Demmke, A., Pontifex, S., et al. (2009) Planning the use of fish for food security in the Pacific. Marine Policy 33: 6476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berkes, F. (2009) Indigenous ways of knowing and the study of environmental change. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 39 (4): 151156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berkes, F., Ross, H. (2013) Community resilience: toward an integrated approach. Society & Natural Resources 26 (1): 520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bertram, G. (2006) Introduction: the MIRAB model in the twenty-first century. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 47 (1): 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borges, P., Phillips, M.R., Ng, K., Medeiros, A., Calado, H. (2014) Preliminary coastal vulnerability assessment for Pico Island (Azores). Journal of Coastal Research, 70: 385388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boserup, E. (1984) Population and Technological Change: A Study of Long Term Trends. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Briguglio, L., Cordina, G., Farrugia, N., Vella, S. (2009) Economic vulnerability and resilience: concepts and measurements. Oxford Development Studies 37 (3): 229247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bunce, M., Mee, L., Rodwell, L.D., Gibb, R. (2009) Collapse and recovery in a remote small island – a tale of adaptive cycles or downward spirals? Global Environmental Change 19: 213226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, B., Hanich, Q. (2014) Fish for the Future: Fisheries Development and Food Security for Kiribati in an Era of Global Climate Change. WorldFish, Report 2014–47. URL http://pubs.iclarm.net/resource_centre/2014-47.pdfGoogle Scholar
Chertow, M., Fugate, E., Ashton, W. (2013) The intimacy of human-nature interactions on islands. In: Long Term Socio-Ecological Research: Studies in Society-Nature Interactions across Spatial and Temporal Scales, Vol 2. Human-Environment Interactions, eds Singh, SJ, Haberl, H, Chertow, M, Mirtl, M, Schmid, M, pp. 315337. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Christensen, A.E. (2011) Marine gold and atoll livelihoods: the rise and fall of the bêche-de-mer trade on Ontong Java, Solomon Islands. Natural Resources Forum 35 (1): 920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cinner, J.E. (2007) The role of taboos in conserving coastal resources in Madagascar. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 22: 1523.Google Scholar
Cinner, J.E., Adger, W.N., Allison, E.H., Barnes, M.L., Brown, K., Cohen, P.J., Gelcich, S., et al. (2018) Building adaptive capacity to climate change in tropical coastal communities. Nature Climate Change 8 (2): 117123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (2008) Niue: embracing a culture of migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 34 (6): 10211040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (2013) Islands at Risk? Environments, Economies and Contemporary Change. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J., Conway, D. (2000) Migration and remittances in island microstates: a comparative perspective on the South Pacific and the Caribbean. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 24 (1): 5278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cordell, J. (1995) Review: traditional ecological knowledge: wisdom for sustainable development. Journal of Political Ecology 2: 4347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cornils, A., Schulz, J., Schmitt, P., Lanuru, M., Richter, C., Schnack-Schiel, S.B. (2010) Mesozooplankton distribution in the Spermonde Archipelago (Indonesia, Sulawesi) with special reference to the Calanoida (Copepoda). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 57 (24–26): 20762088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crook, T.R., Todd, S.Y., Combs, J.G., Woehr, D.J., Ketchen, D.J. (2011) Does human capital matter? A meta-analysis of the relationship between human capital and firm performance. Journal of Applied Psychology 96 (3): 443456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deswandi, R. (2012) Understanding Institutional Dynamics: The Emergence, Persistence, and Change of Institutions in Fisheries in Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Bremen, Germany: University of Bremen.Google Scholar
Deswandi, R., Glaser, M., Fersen, S. (2012) What makes a social system resilient? Two fishing communities in Indonesia. In: Environmental Uncertainty and Local Knowledge, eds Hornidge, A, Antweiler, C, pp. 243272. Bielefeld, Germany: Transcript Publishers.Google Scholar
Diegues, A.C. (2008) Marine Protected Areas and Artisanal Fisheries in Brazil. Chennai, India: International Collective in Support of Fishworkers.Google Scholar
Erdmann, M. (1995) An ABC guide to coral reef fisheries in southwest Sulawesi, Indonesia. The WorldFish Center Quarterly 18 (2): 46.Google Scholar
Fath, B.D., Dean, C.A., Katzmair, H. (2015) Navigating the adaptive cycle: an approach to managing the resilience of social systems. Ecology and Society 20 (2): 24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferse, S., Glaser, M., Neil, M., Schwerdtner Máñez, K. (2014) To cope or to sustain? Eroding long-term sustainability in an Indonesian coral reef fishery. Regional Environmental Change 14 (6): 20532066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferse, S., Knittweis, L., Krause, G., Maddusila, A., Glaser, M. (2012) Livelihoods of ornamental coral fishermen in South Sulawesi, Indonesia: implications for management. Coastal Management 40 (5): 525555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferse, S., Máñez Costa, M., Schwerdtner Máñez, K., Adhuri, D., Glaser, M. (2010) Allies, not aliens – increasing the role of local communities in marine protected area implementation. Environmental Conservation 37 (1): 2334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Firth, R. (1936) We, the Tikopia: A Sociological Study of Kinship in Primitive Polynesia. New York, NY, Cincinnati, OH, Chicago, IL, USA: American Book Company.Google Scholar
Foale, S., Cohen, P., Januchowski-Hartley, S., Wenger, A., Macintyre, M. (2010) Tenure and taboos: origins and implications for fisheries in the Pacific. Fish and Fisheries 12 (4): 357369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forbes, D.L., James, T.S., Sutherland, M., Nichols, S.E. (2013) Physical basis of coastal adaptation on tropical small islands. Sustainability Science 8: 327344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forster, J., Turner, R.A., Fitzsimmons, C., Peterson, A.M., Mahon, R., Stead, S.M. (2017) Evidence of a common understanding of proximate and distal drivers of reef health. Marine Policy, 84: 263272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glaeser, B., Glaser, M. (2010) Global change and coastal threats: the Indonesian case – an attempt in multi-level social–ecological research. Human Ecology Review 17 (2): 135147.Google Scholar
Glaser, M., Baitoningsih, W., Ferse, S.C.A., Neil, M., Deswandi, R. (2010) Whose sustainability? Top-down participation and emergent rules in marine protected area management in Indonesia. Marine Policy 34: 12151225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glaser, M., Christie, P., Diele, K., Dsikowitsky, L., Ferse, S., Nordhaus, I., Schlüter, A., et al. (2012a) Measuring and understanding sustainability-enhancing processes in tropical coastal and marine social–ecological systems. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4 (3): 300308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glaser, M., Krause, G., Halliday, A., Glaeser, B. (2012b) Towards global sustainability analysis in the Anthropocene. In: Human–Nature Interaction in the Anthropocene: Potentials of Social–Ecological Systems Analysis, eds Glaser, M, Krause, G, Ratter, BMW, Welp, M, pp. 193222. New York, NY, USA: Routledge.Google Scholar
Glaser, M., Breckwoldt, A., Deswandi, R., Radjawali, I., Baitoningsih, W., Ferse, S.C.A. (2015) Of exploited reefs and fishers – a holistic view on participatory coastal and marine management in an Indonesian archipelago. Ocean & Coastal Management 116: 193213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
González, J.A., Montes, C., Rodríguez, J., Tapia, W. (2008) Rethinking the Galapagos Islands as a complex social–ecological system: implications for conservation and management. Ecology and Society 13 (2): 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordon, A.L. (2005) Oceanography of the Indonesian seas and their throughflow. Oceanography 18 (4): 1427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gorris, P. (2015) Entangled? Linking Governance Systems for Regional-Scale Coral Reef Management: Analysis of Case Studies in Brazil and Indonesia. PhD thesis. Düsseldorf, Germany: Jacobs University.Google Scholar
Govan, H. (2009) Achieving the potential of locally managed marine areas in the South Pacific. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 25: 1625.Google Scholar
Green, S.J., White, A.T., Christie, P., Kilarski, S., Meneses, A.B.T., Samonte-Tan, G., Bunce Karrer, L., et al. (2011) Emerging marine protected area networks in the coral triangle: lessons and way forward. Conservation and Society 9 (3): 173188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hau'ofa, E. (1994) Our sea of islands. Contemporary Pacific 6 (1): 147161.Google Scholar
Hills, T., Carruthers, T.J.B., Chape, S., Donohoe, P. (2013) A social and ecological imperative for ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change in the Pacific Islands. Sustainability Science 8: 455467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P.J., Hooten, A.J., Steneck, R.S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, C. D., et al. (2007) Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science 318 (5857): 17371742.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Holling, C.S., Gunderson, L.H. (2002) Resilience and adaptive cycles. In: Panarchy, eds Gunderson, LH, Holling, CS, pp. 2563. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.Google Scholar
Huigen, M.G.A., Overmars, K.P., de Groot, W.T. (2006) Multifactor modeling of settling decisions and behavior in the San Mariano watershed, the Philippines: a first application with the MameLuke framework. Ecology and Society 11 (2): 33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hummel, D (ed.) (2008) Population Dynamics and Supply Systems. A Transdisciplinary Approach. Frankfurt, Germany, and New York, NY, USA: Campus.Google Scholar
Johannes, R.E. (1981) Words of the Lagoon. Fishing and Marine Lore in the Palau District of Micronesia. Berkeley, CA, and Los Angeles, CA, USA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Johannes, R.E. (2002) The renaissance of community-based marine resource management in Oceania. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33 (1): 317340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, K.A., Dana, G., Jordan, N.R., Draeger, K.J., Kapuscinski, A., Schmitt Olabisi, L.K., Reich, P.B. (2012) Using participatory scenarios to stimulate social learning for collaborative sustainable development. Ecology and Society 17 (2): 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnston, I. (2016) Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters: Remote Islands. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
Jones, P. (1996) Changing face of the islands: urban management and planning in the Pacific. Australian Planner 33 (3):160163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kelman, I. (2015) Difficult decisions: migration from small island developing states under climate change. Earth's Future 3: 122142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, R, Connell, J (eds) (1999) Small Worlds, Global Lives – Islands and Migration. Island Studies Series. London, UK: Pinter.Google Scholar
Knittweis, L., Kraemer, W.E., Timm, J., Kochzius, M. (2009) Genetic structure of Heliofungia actiniformis (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) populations in the Indo-Malay Archipelago: implications for live coral trade management efforts. Conservation Genetics 10: 241249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kooiman, J., Bavinck, M., Chuenpagdee, R., Mahon, R., Pullin, R. (2008) Interactive governance and governability: an introduction. The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies 7 (1): 111.Google Scholar
Kronen, M., Vunisea, A., Magron, F., McArdle, B. (2010) Socio-economic drivers and indicators for artisanal coastal fisheries in Pacific island countries and territories and their use for fisheries management strategies. Marine Policy 34 (6): 11351143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lane, D., Mercer Clarke, C., Forbes, D.L., Watson, P. (2013) The gathering storm: managing adaptation to environmental change in coastal communities and small islands. Sustainability Science 8: 469489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lauer, M. (2016) Governing uncertainty: resilience, dwelling, and flexible resource management in Oceania. Conservation and Society 14 (1): 3447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leach, M., Rockström, J., Raskin, P., Scoones, I., Stirling, A.C., Smith, A., Thompson, J., et al. (2012) Transforming innovation for sustainability. Ecology and Society 17 (2): 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lowe, C. (2006) Wild Profusion. Biodiversity Conservation in an Indonesian Archipelago. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
McMillen, H.L., Ticktin, T., Friedlander, A., Jupiter, S.D., Thaman, R., Campbell, J., Veitayaki, J., et al. (2014) Small islands, valuable insights: systems of customary resource use and resilience to climate change in the Pacific. Ecology and Society 19 (4): 44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meereboer, M.T. (1998) Fishing for credit: patronage and debt relations in the Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia. In: Living Through Histories. Culture, History and Social Life in South-Sulawesi, eds Robinson, K, Paeni, M, pp. 249276. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University.Google Scholar
Moll, H. (1983) Zonation and Diversity of Scleractinia on Reefs Off S. W. Sulawesi, Indonesia: With a Summary in Bahasa Indonesia. PhD thesis. Leiden, The Netherlands: University of Leiden.Google Scholar
Newell, A., Nuttall, P., Prasad, B., Veitayaki, J. (2017) Turning the tide: the need for sustainable sea transport in the Pacific. Marine Policy 75: 249259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Novaczek, I, Mitchell, J, Veitayaki, J (eds) (2005) Pacific Voices – Equity and Sustainability in Pacific Island Fisheries. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific.Google Scholar
Nunn, P.D. (1994) Oceanic Islands. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Nunn, P.D. (2009) Geographical influences on settlement-location choices by initial colonizers: a case study of the Fiji Islands. Geographical Research 47 (3): 306319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nurse, L.A., McLean, R.F., Agard, J., Briguglio, L.P., Duvat-Magnan, V., Pelesikoti, N., Tompkins, E., et al. (2014) Small islands. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, eds Barros, VR, et al., pp. 16131654. Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Okeke-Ogbuafor, N.A., Gray, T., Stead, S. (2017) Two concepts of community in the Niger Delta: social sense of communality, and a geographical sense of place. Are they compatible? Journal of Place Management and Development 10 (3): 254269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olsen, S.B., Page, G.G., Ochoa, E. (2009) The Analysis of Governance Responses to Ecosystem Change: A Handbook for Assembling a Baseline. Geesthacht, Germany: LOICZ Reports and Studies.Google Scholar
Ostrom, E. (2007) A diagnostic approach for going beyond panaceas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 (39): 1518115187.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ostrom, E. (2009) A general framework for analyzing sustainability in social–ecological systems. Science 324: 419422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pelras, C. (2000) Patron–client ties among the Bugis and Makassarese of South Sulawesi. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 156 (3): 393432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perry, C.T., Kench, P.S., Smithers, S.G., Riegl, B., Yamano, H., O'Leary, M.J. (2011) Implications of reef ecosystem change for the stability and maintenance of coral reef islands. Global Change Biology 17 (12): 36793696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peterson, A.M., Stead, S.M. (2011) Rule breaking and livelihood options in MPAs. Environmental Conservation 38: 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pet-Soede, C., Van Densen, W.L.T., Hiddink, J.G., Kuyl, S., Machiels, M.A.M. (2001a) Can fishermen allocate their fishing effort in space and time on the basis of their catch rates? An example from Spermonde Archipelago, SW Sulawesi, Indonesia. Fisheries Management and Ecology 8 (1): 1536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pet-Soede, C., Van Densen, W.L.T., Pet, J.S., Machiels, M.A.M. (2001b) Impact of Indonesian coral reef fisheries on fish community structure and the resultant catch composition. Fisheries Research 51 (1): 3551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Philpot, D., Gray, T.S., Stead, S.M. (2015) Seychelles, a vulnerable or resilient SIDS? A local perspective. Island Studies Journal 10 (1): 3148.Google Scholar
Plass-Johnson, J.G., Taylor, M.H., Husain, A.A.A., Teichberg, M.C., Ferse, S.C.A. (2016) Non-random variability in functional composition of coral reef fish communities along an environmental gradient. PLoS ONE 11 (4): e0154014.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Plummer, R., Armitage, D. (2007) A resilience-based framework for evaluating adaptive co-management: linking ecology, economics and society in a complex world. Ecological Economics 61 (1): 6274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pool, G. (1989) Shifts in Grenadian migration: an historical perspective. International Migration Review 23 (2): 238266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pratt, C., Govan, H. (2010) Our sea of islands, our livelihoods, our Oceania – framework for a Pacific oceanscape: a catalyst for implementation of ocean policy. URL www.forumsec.org/resources/uploads/embeds/file/Oceanscape.pdfGoogle Scholar
Pretty, J. (2011) Interdisciplinary progress in approaches to address social–ecological and ecocultural systems. Environmental Conservation 38: 127139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Radjawali, I. (2011) Social networks and the live reef food fish trade: examining sustainability. Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities 4: 67102.Google Scholar
Ratter, B.M.W. (2008) From window of vulnerability to window of opportunity: global change and its implication for small islands. International Journal of Island Affairs 17 (1): 3646.Google Scholar
Raymakers, C. (2001) Review of Trade in Live Corals from Indonesia. Brussels, Belgium: Traffic Europe.Google Scholar
Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, Å., Chapin Iii, F.S., Lambin, E.F., Lenton, T.M., et al. (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 461: 472475.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ruddle, K. (1994) Local knowledge in the folk management of fisheries and coastal marine environments. In: Folk Management in the World's Fisheries, eds. Dyer, CL, McGoodwin, JR, pp. 161207. Niwot, CO, USA: University Press of Colorado.Google Scholar
Schwerdtner Mánez, K., Husain, S., Ferse, S., Mánez Costa, M. (2012) Water scarcity in the Spermonde Archipelago, Sulawesi, Indonesia: past, present and future. Environmental Science & Policy 23: 7484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shetye, S.R., Gouveia, A.D., Pathak, M.C. (1990) Vulnerability of the Indian coastal region to damage from sea level rise. Current Science 59 (3): 152156.Google Scholar
Solomon, S.M., Forbes, D.L. (1999) Coastal hazards and associated management issues on South Pacific islands. Ocean & Coastal Management 42: 523554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SPC (2008) Status Report: Nearshore and Reef Fisheries and Aquaculture. Noumea, New Caledonia: Secretariat of the Pacific Community.Google Scholar
Stead, S.M. (2005) Changes in Scottish coastal fishing communities – understanding socio-economic dynamics to aid management, planning and policy. Ocean & Coastal Management 48: 670692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steneck, R.S., Paris, C.B., Arnold, S.N., Ablan-Lagman, M.C., Alcala, A.C., Butler, M.J., McCook, L.J., et al. (2009) Thinking and managing outside the box: coalescing connectivity networks to build region-wide resilience in coral reef ecosystems. Coral Reefs 28 (2): 367378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thaman, R. (2013) Ethno-biodiversity, taxonomy and bioinformatics for all ages: engaging and educating the next generation of taxonomists as a foundation for sustainable living on Planet Earth – challenges and opportunities. In: Tracking Key Trends in Biodiversity Science and Policy, pp. 23–25. Paris, France: UNESCO.Google Scholar
Tomascik, T., Mah, A.J., Nontji, A., Moosa, M.K. (1997) The Ecology of Indonesian Seas. Part II, Vol. I and VIII. Hong Kong: Periplus Edition Ltd.Google Scholar
Turner, R.A., Forster, J., Fitzsimmons, C., Gill, D., Mahon, R., Peterson, A., Stead, S. (2017) Social fit of coral reef governance varies among individuals. Conservation Letters. Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12422.Google Scholar
van Beukering, P., Brander, L., Tompkins, E., McKenzie, E. (2007) Valuing the Environment in Small Islands: An Environmental Economics Toolkit. Peterborough, UK: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.Google Scholar
Visbeck, M., Kronfeld-Goharani, U., Neumann, B., Rickels, W., Schmidt, J., van Doorn, E. (2013) Establishing a sustainable development goal for oceans and coasts to face the challenges for our future ocean. Presented at: The EU–US Conference Series. Sustainable Oceans: Reconciling Economic Use and Protection. 3rd Conference: Good Governance for Sustainable Marine Development. Cascais, Portugal, 3–5 June 2013.Google Scholar
Weigelt, P., Jetz, W., Kreft, H. (2013) Bioclimatic and physical characterization of the world's islands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110 (38): 1530715312.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
White, I., Falkland, T., Metutera, T., Mourongo, K., Abete-Reema, T., Overmars, M., Perez, P., et al. (2008) Safe water for people in low, small island Pacific nations: the rural–urban dilemma. Development 51: 282287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Young, O. (2013) On Environmental Governance – Sustainability, Efficiency, and Equity. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
4
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Towards a framework to support coastal change governance in small islands
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Towards a framework to support coastal change governance in small islands
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Towards a framework to support coastal change governance in small islands
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *