Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Changing understandings of local knowledge in island environments

  • MATTHEW LAUER (a1)
Summary
SUMMARY

Island ecosystems have rich marine biodiversity and high levels of terrestrial endemism, but are potentially the most vulnerable to climate change and anthropogenic stressors. To effectively manage environments, scholars and conservation practitioners have increasingly turned their attention to local islander knowledge (LK) and practices. To date, much of the literature treats LK definitionally rather than examining its theoretical underpinnings. This review focuses explicitly on the concept of LK and it describes three discernible phases of research marked by conceptual shifts. Over the 20th century, LK underwent a dramatic reversal from something understood as inferior and deficient to something that is valuable and empirically sound. This shift ushered in widespread acceptance of local islander knowledge as a unique, rich corpus of information that could be tapped by Western science to enhance community-based resource management. Over the last several decades, a third phase of LK research has emerged in which a more dynamic framing has developed, emphasizing LK's hybrid and adaptive dimensions, as well as its constitutive entanglements with other social–ecological processes. This has expanded the scope of inquiry into the strategies islanders employ as they adapt to changing social and environmental milieus, and as they attempt to co-produce knowledge with scientists and conservation practitioners.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Dr Matthew Lauer email: mlauer@mail.sdsu.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. Agrawal (1995) Dismantling the divide between indigenous and scientific knowledge. Development and Change 26: 413439.

D. Armitage , M. Marschke & R. Plummer (2008) Adaptive co-management and the paradox of learning. Global environmental change 18 (1): 8698.

D. R. Armitage (2003) Traditional agroecological knowledge, adaptive management and the socio-politics of conservation in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Environmental Conservation 30 (01): 7990.

S. Aswani (2002) Assessing the effects of changing demographic and consumption patterns on sea tenure regimes in the Roviana Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Ambio 31 (4): 272284.

S. Aswani & R. J. Hamilton (2004) Integrating indigenous ecological knowledge and customary sea tenure with marine and social science for conservation of bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) in Roviana Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation 31: 6983.

S. Aswani & M. Lauer (2014) Indigenous people's detection of rapid ecological change. Conservation Biology 28 (3): 820828.

S. Aswani , I. Vaccaro , K. Abernethy , S. Albert & J. F. L. de Pablo (2015) Can perceptions of environmental and climate change in island communities assist in adaptation planning locally? Environmental management 56 (6): 14871501.

C. Y. Bartlett , K. Pakoa & C. Manua (2009) Marine reserve phenomenon in the Pacific islands. Marine Policy 33 (4): 673678.

S. Berdej & D. Armitage (2016) Bridging for better conservation fit in Indonesia's coastal-marine systems. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 101.

J. Cinner , M. J. Marnane , T. R. McClanahan & G. R. Almany (2006) Periodic closures as adaptive coral reef management in the Indo-Pacific. Ecology and Society 11 (1): 31.

J. E. Cinner & S. Aswani (2007) Integrating customary management into marine conservation. Biological Conservation 140 (3–4): 201216.

P. J. Cohen & S. J. Foale (2013) Sustaining small-scale fisheries with periodically harvested marine reserves. Marine Policy 37: 278287.

P. J. Cohen & D. J. Steenbergen (2015) Social dimensions of local fisheries co-management in the Coral Triangle. Environmental Conservation 42 (3): 278288.

J. Connell (2013) Islands at Risk? Environments, Economies and Contemporary Change. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

A. Davis & K. Ruddle (2010) Constructing confidence: rational skepticism and systematic enquiry in local ecological knowledge research. Ecological Applications 20 (3): 880894.

S. Díaz , S. Demissew , J. Carabias , C. Joly , M. Lonsdale , N. Ash , A. Larigauderie , J. R. Adhikari , S. Arico & A. Báldi (2015) The IPBES conceptual framework – connecting nature and people. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 14: 116.

W. Dressler , B. Büscher , M. Schoon , D. A. N. Brockington , T. Hayes , C. A. Kull , J. McCarthy & K. Shrestha (2010) From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative. Environmental Conservation 37 (1): 515.

W. H. Dressler (2006) Co-opting conservation: migrant resource control and access to national park management in the Philippine uplands. Development and Change 37 (2): 401426.

J. A. Drew (2005) Use of traditional ecological knowledge in marine conservation. Conservation Biology 19 (4): 12861293.

L. Evans , N. Cherrett & D. Pemsl (2011) Assessing the impact of fisheries co-management interventions in developing countries: a meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Management 92 (8): 19381949.

S. Foale , P. Cohen , S. Januchowski-Hartley , A. Wenger & M. Macintyre (2011) Tenure and taboos: origins and implications for fisheries in the Pacific. Fish and Fisheries 12 (4): 357369.

T. Furusawa (2009) Changing ethnobotanical knowledge of the Roviana people, Solomon Islands: quantitative approaches to its correlation with modernization. Human Ecology 37 (2): 147159.

C. G. García-Quijano (2009) Managing complexity: ecological knowledge and success in Puerto Rican small-scale fisheries. Human Organization 68 (1): 117.

R. Gauld (2000) Maintaining centralized control in community-based forestry: policy construction in the Philippines. Development and Change 31 (1): 229254.

A. S. Golden , W. Naisilsisili , I. Ligairi & J. A. Drew (2014) Combining natural history collections with fisher knowledge for community-based conservation in Fiji. PLoS One 9 (5): e98036.

S. Grant & F. Berkes (2007) Fisher knowledge as expert system: a case from the longline fishery of Grenada, the Eastern Caribbean. Fisheries Research 84 (2): 162170.

R. J. Hamilton , G. R. Almany , D. Stevens , M. Bode , J. Pita , N. A. Peterson & J. H. Choat (2016) Hyperstability masks declines in bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) populations. Coral Reefs 35 (3): 751763.

R. E. Johannes (1978) Traditional marine conservation methods in Oceania and their demise. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 9 (1): 349364.

R. E. Johannes (2002) The renaissance of community-based marine resource management in Oceania. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 317340.

R. E. Johannes , M. M. R. Freeman & R. J. Hamilton (2000) Ignore fishers’ knowledge and miss the boat. Fish and Fisheries 1 (3): 257271.

S. D. Jupiter , P. J. Cohen , R. Weeks , A. Tawake & H. Govan (2014) Locally-managed marine areas: multiple objectives and diverse strategies. Pacific Conservation Biology 20 (2): 165179.

M. Keen & S. Mahanty (2006) Learning in sustainable natural resource management: challenges and opportunities in the Pacific. Society and Natural Resources 19 (6): 497513.

G. Keppel , C. Morrison , J.-Y. Meyer & H. J. Boehmer (2014) Isolated and vulnerable: the history and future of Pacific Island terrestrial biodiversity. Pacific Conservation Biology 20 (2): 136145.

A. Kuper (2003) The return of the native. Current Anthropology 44 (3): 389403.

M. Lauer (2012) Oral traditions or situated practices? Understanding how indigenous communities respond to environmental disasters. Human Organization 71 (2): 176187.

M. Lauer & S. Aswani (2009) Indigenous ecological knowledge as situated practices: understanding fishers’ knowledge in the western Solomon Islands. American Anthropologist 111 (3): 317329.

M. Lauer & S. Aswani (2010) Indigenous knowledge and long-term ecological change: detection, interpretation, and responses to changing ecological conditions in Pacific Island communities. Environmental Management 45 (5): 985997.

M. Lauer & J. Matera (2016) Who detects ecological change after catastrophic events? Indigenous knowledge, social networks, and situated practices. Human Ecology 44 (1): 3346.

S. Lawson (1996) Tradition versus Democracy in the South Pacific: Fiji, Tonga, and Western Samoa. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

H. Lazrus (2015) Risk perception and climate adaptation in Tuvalu: a combined cultural theory and traditional knowledge approach. Human organization 74 (1): 5261.

L. Lebel , J. M. Anderies , B. Campbell , C. Folke , S. Hatfield-Dodds , T. P. Hughes , J. Wilson & 2006. (2006) Governance and the capacity to manage resilience in regional social–ecological systems. Ecology and Society 11 (1): 19.

V. Lebot & P. Simeoni (2015) Community food security: resilience and vulnerability in Vanuatu. Human Ecology 43 (6): 827842.

M. Leopold , J. Beckensteiner , J. Kaltavara , J. Raubani & S. Caillon (2013) Community-based management of near-shore fisheries in Vanuatu: what works? Marine Policy 42: 167176.

A. Levine & F. Sauafea-Le'au (2013) Traditional knowledge, use, and management of living marine resources in American Samoa: documenting changes over time through interviews with elder fishers. Pacific Science 67 (3): 395407.

B. C. Malinowski (1918) Fishing in the Trobriand Islands. Man 18: 8792.

J. McCarter & M. C. Gavin (2014a) In situ maintenance of traditional ecological knowledge on Malekula Island, Vanuatu. Society & Natural Resources 27 (11): 11151129.

J. McCarter & M. C. Gavin (2014b) Local perceptions of changes in traditional ecological knowledge: a case study from Malekula Island, Vanuatu. Ambio 43 (3): 288296.

J. McCarter & M. C. Gavin (2015) Assessing variation and diversity of ethnomedical knowledge: a case study from Malekula Island, Vanuatu. Economic Botany 69 (3): 251261.

S. McCubbin , B. Smit & T. Pearce (2015) Where does climate fit? Vulnerability to climate change in the context of multiple stressors in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Global Environmental Change 30: 4355.

H. L. McMillen , T. Ticktin , A. Friedlander , S. D. Jupiter , R. Thaman , J. Campbell , J. Veitayaki , T. Giambelluca , S. Nihmei & E. Rupeni (2014) Small islands, valuable insights: systems of customary resource use and resilience to climate change in the Pacific. Ecology and Society 19 (4): 44.

H. Moller , P. O'Blyver , C. Bragg , J. Newman , R. Clucas , D. Fletcher , J. Kitson , S. McKechnie , D. Scott & Rakiura Titi Islands Administering Body (2009) Guidelines for cross-cultural participatory action research partnerships: a case study of a customary seabird harvest in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 36 (3): 211241.

A. Pickering (1995) The Mangle of Practice: Time, Agency, and Science. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.

B. Quimby (2015) Emerging customs: small-scale fishing practices in Aceh, Indonesia. Applied Geography 59: 125130.

K. Rathwell , D. Armitage & F. Berkes (2015) Bridging knowledge systems to enhance governance of environmental commons: a typology of settings. International Journal of the Commons 9 (2): 851880.

C. M. Raymond , I. Fazey , M. S. Reed , L. C. Stringer , G. M. Robinson & A. C. Evely (2010) Integrating local and scientific knowledge for environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management 91 (8): 17661777.

B. Reyers , J. L. Nel , P. J. O'Farrell , N. Sitas & D. C. Nel (2015) Navigating complexity through knowledge coproduction: mainstreaming ecosystem services into disaster risk reduction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112 (24): 73627368.

J. Robinson , J. E. Cinner & N. A. J. Graham (2014) The influence of fisher knowledge on the susceptibility of reef fish aggregations to fishing. PLoS One 9 (3): e91296.

K. Ruddle (1998) The context of policy design for existing community-based fisheries management systems in the Pacific Islands. Ocean & Coastal Management 40 (2–3): 105126.

A. Rumbach & D. Foley (2014) Indigenous institutions and their role in disaster risk reduction and resilience: evidence from the 2009 tsunami in American Samoa. Ecology and Society 19 (1): 9.

I. Scoones (1999) New ecology and the social sciences: what prospects for a fruitful engagement? Annual Review of Anthropology 28: 479507.

J. Silvertown (2009) A new dawn for citizen science. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 24 (9): 467471.

M. D. Spalding & B. E. Brown (2015) Warm-water coral reefs and climate change. Science 350 (6262): 769771.

W. Sujarwo , I. B. K. Arinasa , F. Salomone , G. Caneva & S. Fattorini (2014) Cultural erosion of Balinese indigenous knowledge of food and nutraceutical plants. Economic Botany 68 (4): 426437.

M. Tengö , E. S. Brondizio , T. Elmqvist , P. Malmer & M. Spierenburg (2014) Connecting diverse knowledge systems for enhanced ecosystem governance: the multiple evidence base approach. Ambio 43 (5): 579591.

R. R. Thaman (2005) Trees outside forests as a foundation for sustainable development in the small island developing states of the Pacific Ocean. International Forestry Review 4 (4): 268276.

C. Thorburn (2001) The house that poison built: customary marine property rights and the live food fish trade in the Kei Islands, southeast Maluku. Development and Change 32 (1): 151180.

D. Turnbull (2000) Masons, Tricksters and Cartographers: Comparative Studies in the Sociology of Scientific and Indigenous Knowledge. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Harwood Academic.

D. Turnbull (2009) Futures for indigenous knowledges. Futures 41 (1): 15.

R. A. Turner , A. Cakacaka , N. A. J. Graham , N. V. C. Polunin , M. S. Pratchett , S. M. Stead & S. K. Wilson (2007) Declining reliance on marine resources in remote South Pacific societies: ecological versus socio-economic drivers. Coral Reefs 26 (4): 9971008.

E. Turnhout , B. Bloomfield , M. Hulme , J. Vogel & B. Wynne (2012) Listen to the voices of experience. Nature 488 (7412): 454455.

B. L. E. Walker & M. A. Robinson (2009) Economic development, marine protected areas and gendered access to fishing resources in a Polynesian lagoon. Gender, Place and Culture 16 (4): 467484.

E. Wenger (1998) Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 47 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 247 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 8th June 2017 - 25th July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.