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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Timko, J. A. Kozak, R. A. and Innes, J. L. 2010. HIV/AIDS and forests in Sub-Saharan Africa: exploring the links between morbidity, mortality, and dependence on biodiversity. Biodiversity, Vol. 11, Issue. 1-2, p. 45.

    KASCHULA, SARAH A. and SHACKLETON, CHARLIE M. 2009. Quantity and significance of wild meat off-take by a rural community in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Environmental Conservation, Vol. 36, Issue. 03, p. 192.

    Faber, M. Witten, C. and Drimie, S. 2011. Community-based agricultural interventions in the context of food and nutrition security in South Africa. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 21.

    Shackleton, Sheona E. and Shackleton, Charlie M. 2012. Linking poverty, HIV/AIDS and climate change to human and ecosystem vulnerability in southern Africa: consequences for livelihoods and sustainable ecosystem management. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, Vol. 19, Issue. 3, p. 275.

    Oramasionwu, Christine U. Daniels, Kelly R. Labreche, Matthew J. and Frei, Christopher R. 2011. The Environmental and Social Influences of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Focus on Rural Communities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 8, Issue. 12, p. 2967.

    Kaschula, Sarah A. and Shackleton, Charles M. 2012. How do HIV and AIDS impact the use of natural resources by poor rural populations? The case of wild animal products. South African Journal of Science, Vol. 108, Issue. 1/2,

    Paumgarten, Fiona and Shackleton, Charlie M. 2011. The role of non-timber forest products in household coping strategies in South Africa: the influence of household wealth and gender. Population and Environment, Vol. 33, Issue. 1, p. 108.


Is HIV/AIDS jeopardizing biodiversity?

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2009

The scourge of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is most prevalent in southern Africa. South Africa has the highest number of people in the world living with HIV/AIDS and a prevalence rate of over 30 % for females presenting at antenatal clinics. There are now almost five million orphans within southern Africa, as a result of AIDS deaths of one or more or their parents. AIDS-related mortality and morbidity of care-givers may lead to increased reliance on wild sources of animal protein by surviving children. This increase in hunting pressure has unknown, but potentially important impacts on local animal populations.

Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Mr D. K. McGarry Tel: +27 78 032 6047 e-mail:
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L. M. Hunter , W. Twine & L. Patterson (2007) ‘Locusts are our beef’: adult mortality and household dietary use of local environmental resources in rural South Africa. Scandanavian Journal of Health 35: 165174.

S.A. Kaschula (2008) Wild foods and household food security responses to AIDS: evidence from South Africa. Population and Environment 29: 162185.

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E. Torell , J. Tobey , M. Thaxton , B. Crawford , B. Kalanghe , N. Madulu , A. Issa , V. Makota & R. Sallema (2006) Examining the linkages between AIDS and biodiversity conservation in coastal Tanzania. Ocean and Coastal Management 49: 792811.

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